Just like any scientific theory, be it Newton's laws of motion or Maxwell's description of electromagnetism , Gita's biggest insights are built into its postulates . At a time, say five-ish thousand years ago, when humans didn't have the mathematical tool box or the appliances of science and compute; Krishna introduced the humanity one of the deepest and most empowering idea. At a time when humans had no recourse other than settling or submitting to a strange, unknown external force - say God; Krishna theorized that the God actually lives in all of us in the shape of complete, untempered and unaltered knowledge what he named -
Atma - which basically means "me". Our own copy of the God. Embedded or seeded deep into us. The obvious questions were - how does it look ? can I see it ? will it die with my death ? Difficult questions and hard to prove ..
This was obviously something beyond imagination of that time. And probably even now ! But now we have a distinct advantage . We have many scientific discoveries that defy our imagination. For example the postulates of quantum mechanics are beyond our day to day reality, yet we accept them for their experimental predictions . Many of them are beyond debate. No one agrees to Schrodinger's wave equation at the face value unless we delve deep into the probabilistic nature of our universe and see how well the model predicts our "spooky" reality. For that matter even Einstein's relativistic approach is beyond us unless we see the experimental truth that gravity does warps the space and thus we live in a four dimensional space-time. In essence, we have gotten used to the idea that our senses have limitations when it comes to perceiving the nature of our our true reality. This is a big advantage because with this firm belief, that there is more to it than what we can fathom with say our eyes , now we can expand our horizons to more than what we normally perceive. In a way math and science have proved to us that our sensory reality is a tiny box. Very useful tiny box though .
Gita says that the keys to our true nature, true reality lie in this tiny box. This is what is our field of actions - what Gita refers to as
Kurukhseta. But to gain the best experience we need to see beyond our senses. Because there is more to what meets the eyes. In fact , Krishna was the first who implored us to give up our over reliance on senses and look beyond the visible. He says in chapter 3 of Gita - a chapter dedicated to the idea of
Karm Yoga - Action orientation
Yah [one who] Tu [but] Indriyani [the senses] Mansa [ by the mind] Niyamya [regulating] Arabhte [initiates] Arjuna [Arjuna];
Karm-Indriyaih [with the active work organs] Karm Yogam [ritual of action] Asaktah [without attachment, someone beyond sensory consumption] Sah [s/he] Vishishyate [excels]
One who initiates actions by regulating the senses with mind - scientific inquiry ; engaged in
Karm Yogawith active work organs and beyond sensory consumption; such a person is a special one.
The ideas that Krishna discovered are experiential and testable as the postulates of science ; however Gita doesn't have a mathematical bias or rather axiomatic inconsistencies. As shown by Godel in incompleteness theorems, a formal mathematical system can not prove that the system itself is consistent. Instead of making it a watertight rule based system, Gita asks the practitioners to walk the line of
Karm Yoga and check for themselves if the thing works.
Gita proposes a distributed model of protected, immutable, and encrypted knowledge. Distributed computing is fairly common these days thanks to "Block Chains" and crypto currencies!
Gita says a full copy of protected, immutable but encrypted knowledge
Atma is pre-built into all of us. We being the conscious agents
because, this "knowledge" can not be destroyed by "worldly" means. Metaphorically - Fire can't burn it. It can't be drowned in water. Krishna says ..
Na [not] Enam [this] Chindanti [cut through, make a hole --> destroy] Shastrani [weaponry] ; Na [not] Dahati [burns] Pavkah [fire].
Na [not] Cha [ and] Enam [ this] Kladyanti [moistens] Aapah [water] ; Na [not] Shoshyati [dries] Marutah [ fast air] .
Weapons can't cut through or make a hole in it. Fire can't burn it. Water can't moisten it and air can't dry it. Which basically means it is not in the realm of manifested.
because this knowledge doesn't change. He says this knowledge is
Akshara . In Hindi or Sanskrit
Kshra means something that changes and
Akshara is the opposite that means something that can never be changed. For example In Hindi
Akshara also means written or spoken words to symbolize a word once spoken can never be changed. And once it is written down, it is kinda set in the stone. And in a way words represent knowledge.
because this knowledge is not easily perceived by our externally focused senses or mind. Our senses and mind are designed to ensure survival to lend us a window to explore this physical reality. Their purpose is to focus on external things thus the truth appears encrypted
Avykta to our senses. In essence , the encryption is meant for the senses because nature wants us to first indulge in the physical and the physical reality around us holds the key to our inner knowledge. You may ask why so ? Why such arrangement. Why create such an experience and then force us to unlock ..why this game. The simplest answer is because it is beautiful. Our physical reality is the most meticulaous and advanced experience ever created , order of magintude superior to iOS :-) But as the experience becomes more immersive, it also gets addictive. Exits become opaque. And the users are lost in the experience. It is okay to live here in this experience as long as we want but it does have a cost attached to it. That cost is cycles of happiness and pain. It is like a roller cosater - a never ending roller coaster ..
Since everyone has a different set of circumstances , it is not hard to imagine that as an observer we have a very different world view. In essence we have a very different set of cryptographic keys, thus the test of the hypotheis or the method to decrypt the underlying truth is individualistic. BTW it is important to state the meaning of "encrypted". Encrypted doesn't mean "impossible". It only means that it is hard to decrypt unless we devise a better algorithm. Better ways and means to understand the problem. Or we have the public private key combination. Once we have the keys, the entire knowledge base becomes self evident.
BTW, this is not a call for the blind faith. Just as in any scientific inquiry, we start with a hypothesis and then test the validity through experiments , we will see down the line in this book as to why this knowledge is encrypted and how to perceive it without using the survival oriented senses. Or learn to focus our senses on
So we all get a copy of protected, immutable and encrypted knowledge. That is good but the question is why should I care ?
Gita says, this inner knowledge is all we need to know or decrypt.
Worth knowing because the answers to all the questions that we are seeking outside, are already embedded with in us. In a way the biggest question is who we are ? That is what we are searching when we climb the
Himalayas or sink to the depths of ocean or venture into deep and dark space. Our quest is to find who we are of is there something else, someone like us ?
Knowable because it is built into us, it is called
Atma which literally means "Me". In essence, this knowledge is what we are ; our physical body (and mind) are tools to enable the "Actions". Our actions are driven by this inner knowledge. A new born baby knows where to find the milk. In essence this knowledge drives even our survival. Krishna further says that the physical body is fungible but if we let lose this beautiful apparatus without decrypting the knowledge, that is a wasted opportunity.
Just as a Black hole, though beyond our sensory observatories, because information can't travel back from them , we can affirm their existence and other properties such as mass, rotation and entropy , through what they do. Their effects. The best way to approach this inner knowledge is to observe the "Actions" it drives. The process of getting attached to (or focusing back on) the "Actions" is called
So we all should try to decrypt our internal knowledge .. Is there a way we could collaborate ? After all we are all trying to accomplish the same goal from different angles ??
The decrypted knowledge manifests into all that we perceive with our senses. Our individual decryption leads to us acquiring skills that can manifest things. The collective decrypted knowledge is what Gita refers to as
Bramha. We can think of it as the knowledge cloud immensely bigger than AWS or google cloud.
Bramha is the entirety of our system. System that spans this universe and may be many more if we think we are living in a multi verse but
Bramha is only manifestations. We need to be connected with the this primordial cloud because this is what provisions all that we need to conduct our experiments but
Bramha in itself is not the entire knowledge. It can only support us, indulge us or inspire us.
In addition, it also gives us the problem sets that we need to decrypt based on our location , our capabilities , our access , our circumstances. In essence this collective decrypted knowledge is what gives us our purpose. Our Karma but
Bramha is only manifestations.
In chapter 3 , verse 15 ; Krishna says that
Karma - righteous actions are created from
Bramha is created from
Akshra - the unchangeable i.e. knowledge. He says ..
Karm Bramha Udbhavam Viddhi, Bramha Akshara Samudbhavam ;
Tasmat Sarv Gatam Bramha, Nityam Yazne Pratisthitam
As we said above , Bramha means the entirety. Everything that is out there. In Hindi (or Sanskrit) , we call this universe as
Bramhand - which means a slice , an instance of the
Bramha. In a way, we can imagine
Bramha as the entire overarching system - the multiverse. Not the "human only" system. This is the system that through evolution or by design is what creates the individual specific righteous actions. Means system designed duties. Every being in the universe has a purpose. There is nothing here that has no good reason to be here. In addition, the system
Bramha provisions a superior garbage collection system. Anything that is not serving a purpose is quickly 'garbage collected' . Even the garbage collection process has a deeper purpose. It turns the such collection into the food for the ones who are striving or serving a purpose. In may sound harsh, but such is the reality of this manifestation..
Krishna further says , that therefore, for all pervading
Bramha , always situate yourself into your
Yazna, the prescribed and pre-decided ritual of actions.
To recap all that we discussed , here is a kind numbered list ..
- All conscious agents get a protected immutable copy of entire knowledge base - Something like a git clone.
- The knowledge appears encrypted to our externally focused senses and mind but it is knowable with proper rigor and algorithms. Gita suggests
Karm Yogafor this end.
- We manifest ourselves and the things around us based on the knowledge we decrypt.
- The collective decrypted knowledge is called
Bramha- The pan universal manifested knowledge cloud.
- Bramha provisions all that we need to conduct our experiments and it also tells us what we need to do. In addition, it implements a superior garbage collection system.
- When we decrypt the entire knowledge base we are free from the cyclic nature of our reality because now we are one with the immutable knowledge. In that Gita says that we can take infinite births across multiple species as we choose to.
- Our externally focused senses and mind are there to provision this opportunity for us. Opportunity to decrypt the knowledge. They do so by ensuring our survival through longevity or passage of genes. In essence we have ability to mutate faster to access the immutable. Thus human life is a blessing among all other species. Obviously because we are bestowed with bigger brains that enabled us create the tools and skills. At the same time it also means more opportunities for distractions. Thus we need to regulate our senses with mind and indulge them in
- The cycle of knowledge to manifestation and vice versa is end less. It is a circle or spherical. Not a linear timeline.
For the better part of last hundred years, physicists are trying hard to unify the theory of relativity with that of quantum mechanics ; also called the unification of theory of large spatial bodies led by gravity with the theory that regulates physical systems at the micro sub atomic scale. Such attempts are sometimes dubbed as
Theory of Everything But literally speaking , theory of everything, can't just be a scientific theory pertaining to motion of physical systems. It must take in to account the other aspects of human life such as conciousness, memory , intelligence. On the other hand many new(er) scientific approaches hit the extreme opposite ends. Some of them claim that the universe is a mere your desktop and things appear as icons in it as said by Don Hoffman in "Case against Reality". They feel that the world gets created as soon as we open our eyes. If that is the case then it is really a solo and sad world we live in alone. Many of such theories and religious factions such as non-dualism have taken the meaning of consciousness or Atma to the very extreme state such that they appear to look down on our sensory reality. Gita says that we must have deepest of appreciation of our physical sensory reality because this physical reality is what
Bramha creates for us and this is what holds the keys to our inner knowledge. It says that a human can't get to state of bliss (or beyond labor of actions) without hard work. And even those who have given up everything , don't attract any distinct success. In a way Gita establishes a balance between the physical and metaphysical. It says
Na [not] Karmnaam [of righteous action] Anarambhan [the ones that are never initiated] Naishkarmyam [a stage where one is beyond actions- bliss ] Ashnute [one who achieved said stage];
Na [nor] Cha [also] Sannyasnat [one who has renounced everything, towards them] eva [ also] Siddhim [distinguishable success] Samadhigacchti [easily goes towards].
No one gets to a state of "beyond actions" - bliss, a state of everlasting peace or oneness with the awareness ; without ever starting the actions. Even those who have renounced everything, don't attract any distinguishable success. In essence we must act to resolve the problems of our physical reality.
Gita Framework resolves many of such burning questions, or at least attempts to set priorities for our strife. The later is more important because we have a grand theory for the large spatial bodies and yet another for the tiniest subatomic particles but what about us ? Where is the theory that helps me live my life better ? Puts me on the righteous path and thus helps me to attain peace. On the other hand most of the religiously oriented philosophies paint a dark lonely picture of my world. It feels as if we are here to give up everything ; then why in the world we are here at first place ?
In a way Gita, gives necessary structure and skeleton to our quest - scientific and spiritual. And it gets more relevant in these asking times, when on one side imminent opportunities (think artificial intelligence, robotics , space and biotech) are hitting exponential trajectory, and on the other more than half the humanity struggles for elemental air and water. There was never a bigger demand on humans to choose right from wrong and then stay focused on path.
<> Let us start the journey ..