Gita is a conversation between Krishna and Arjuna in the middle of the great war - the Mahabharta. In the larger epic of the same name , Krishna is the multifaceted incarnation of the God - as a king, a diplomat , a messenger and a friend and the one who stands up to the evil . Among all these and many others, his role as the driver of Arjuna's chariot is the one that is contextually (and probably otherwise), the most fascinating . This role is symbolic of one who is leading you on a righteous path; particularly when you are stuck into dilemmas.

Gita targets a timeless, universal problem - the cyclic nature of our life. That is what makes it ever relevant.

The cyclic nature of our Reality

The birth and death are cyclic , so are the day and night. In observable universe, everything grows and then diminishes. Greater the rise, bigger the fall. Every success finally meets it's failure. This is as true in business as in our emotional lives. Happiness and pain is a never ending cycle. Planets, stars and even black holes can't escape this truth.

Krishna says ..

Jatsya hi druvo mritur, dhruvam janm mritasya cha

All things born in truth must die, and out of the death in truth comes life.

The Nirvana Solution

Krishna, in said conversation, lays out an elaborate method to help us stay afloat in the waves of joy and grief associated with the rise and the fall respectively. A method that was unheard till he said it and remains unique to date. This message of Karm Yoga is both - rational and practical. It doesn't warrant a leap of faith. Not only does it offer the exit from the cycles - Nirvana, it also makes the follower feel "blessed and blissed " that obviously translates into worldly success. Thus Karm Yoga is a useful guide rail to navigate modern life.

Beyond labels

It is hard to label Gita as spiritual or scientific. It offers experiential method that is as testable as science. At the same time it warrants dedication, commitment and rigor which is common to any "problem solving" apparatus. A new reader might see the later as a "call for faith".

The best approach is to treat it beyond labels. Walk the line and determine yourself if it works. If it does, take on to the next iteration.

There are umpteen numbers of scholarly texts written on Gita and they go to a great length in differentiating Karm Yoga from devotional services Bhakti Yoga , and quest for the knowledge Nyana Yoga. Krishna says both of them lead you to the same conclusion. However, keen readers often get lost in the triangulation. It gets hard to ascertain if I am a Bhakti Yogi or a Nyana Yogi. They end up missing out the core message . Which obviously means they skip on the experiential part of Karma and Yajna. Without putting the ethos to work, it turns out to be yet another book read for talking points.

About this work

With the advent of printing press and the online tools, Gita got translated in almost all the languages - written and spoken; yet the style of delivery is same old. It works well for religiously oriented populace but Gita is needed most with in the younger circles who tend to be skeptical of dogma. The younger generation is adept at consuming large info sets from subjects as complex as Artificial Intelligence to Gnome Project , as long as the document format complies to a reference based help instead of a dictatorial sermon.

This work is to approach Gita as technical documentation for a complex multi-faceted app - The Reality.

At the time of its writing, it was probably a good idea to package Gita as part of scriptures, using fiction as the conduit. A lot has changed since then. Today, technical literature is equally palatable - if not more. Which is kind of sweet spot for Gita. It is not to say, Gita is in bad company when it is in religious hegemony. It is just to add that a much broader channel is needed for such a scholarly piece of work to reach new mindset.

The name - Arjun Uvaach

It simply means "Arjuna Said" . Think of it as Arjuna explaining what he understood. A loop back mechanism to ensure intact delivery of communication and also its intent. And also using his own language, his metaphors and his analogies.

My goal is to say it in the most accessible way. My hope is, in the process, I will be able to boil it down to a modern document that is beyond blind faith and is logically appealing. At the same time I do want to quarantine numerous Yogas into their boundaries and stay put on the core message.

There are four parts of this book.

  • Getting Started - is where I want to modernize the age old concepts of Gita. The goal is to develop a common Vocabulary and solid grip on the core message.
  • Conciousness - is where I try to build the larger construct of our reality. Who we are. How the whole thing works. Again based on the concepts of Gita but using modern metaphors.
  • Triangulation - is the ways and means to figure out where we stand in the maze of matrix and conscious agent and what is the righteous path forward.
  • Test - is the way to test the ethos of Gita. The goal is to develop a scientific approach to testing rather than asking for a leap of faith. As we know Gita is experiential. In addition to being a separate chapter in itself, I have tried to add sections on "test" inline with other chapters to supplement the ideas and the flow.

Just like any other scientific faculty, it is difficult to watertight these four sections. You may find yourself hopping from one chapter to other because the knowledge is always integrated. My recommendation is to follow the flow with patience.

As you will find in the reading, a book is only information ; it is a way to organize the knowledge in a template. We can get the template but we need to fill it up with our imagination. No matter how descriptive an information artifact , there is always room to read between the lines. I feel knowledge lives in that unwritten space. Thus, my request to not hold your imagination. With each section, try to fill the gaps with your experiences, your perception of reality and hopefully, it will align.

The work here is not mere reflections of what I read, it, in fact comes from the me putting the ethos in practice to whatever little I could. I don't claim Nirvana but I vouch I have seen the tip of iceberg. Peace and happiness were alien to me. I was a wandering soul ever so lost in "what next" and consuming my way to bloat. Gita has helped me focus, remove the unnecessary baggage and fine tune my life. And it remains a work in progress though I see a light at the end ...


Chapter 1.0

Just like any scientific theory, be it Newton's laws of motion or Maxwell's description of electromagnetism , Gita's biggest insights are built into its postulates . At a time, say five-ish thousand years ago, when humans didn't have the mathematical tool box or the appliances of science and compute; Krishna introduced the humanity one of the deepest and most empowering idea. At a time when humans had no recourse other than settling or submitting to a strange, unknown external force - say God; Krishna theorized that the God actually lives in all of us in the shape of complete, untempered and unaltered knowledge what he named - Atma - which basically means "me". Our own copy of the God. Embedded or seeded deep into us. The obvious questions were - how does it look ? can I see it ? will it die with my death ? Difficult questions and hard to prove ..

This was obviously something beyond imagination of that time. And probably even now ! But now we have a distinct advantage . We have many scientific discoveries that defy our imagination. For example the postulates of quantum mechanics are beyond our day to day reality, yet we accept them for their experimental predictions . Many of them are beyond debate. No one agrees to Schrodinger's wave equation at the face value unless we delve deep into the probabilistic nature of our universe and see how well the model predicts our "spooky" reality. For that matter even Einstein's relativistic approach is beyond us unless we see the experimental truth that gravity does warps the space and thus we live in a four dimensional space-time. In essence, we have gotten used to the idea that our senses have limitations when it comes to perceiving the nature of our our true reality. This is a big advantage because with this firm belief, that there is more to it than what we can fathom with say our eyes , now we can expand our horizons to more than what we normally perceive. In a way math and science have proved to us that our sensory reality is a tiny box. Very useful tiny box though .

Gita says that the keys to our true nature, true reality lie in this tiny box. This is what is our field of actions - what Gita refers to as Kurukhseta. But to gain the best experience we need to see beyond our senses. Because there is more to what meets the eyes. In fact , Krishna was the first who implored us to give up our over reliance on senses and look beyond the visible. He says in chapter 3 of Gita - a chapter dedicated to the idea of Karm Yoga - Action orientation

Yah [one who] Tu [but] Indriyani [the senses] Mansa [ by the mind] Niyamya [regulating] Arabhte [initiates] Arjuna [Arjuna];

Karm-Indriyaih [with the active work organs] Karm Yogam [ritual of action] Asaktah [without attachment, someone beyond sensory consumption] Sah [s/he] Vishishyate [excels]

One who initiates actions by regulating the senses with mind - scientific inquiry ; engaged in Karm Yoga with active work organs and beyond sensory consumption; such a person is a special one.

The ideas that Krishna discovered are experiential and testable as the postulates of science ; however Gita doesn't have a mathematical bias or rather axiomatic inconsistencies. As shown by Godel in incompleteness theorems, a formal mathematical system can not prove that the system itself is consistent. Instead of making it a watertight rule based system, Gita asks the practitioners to walk the line of Karm Yoga and check for themselves if the thing works.

The Hypothesis

Gita proposes a distributed model of protected, immutable, and encrypted knowledge. Distributed computing is fairly common these days thanks to "Block Chains" and crypto currencies!

Gita says a full copy of protected, immutable but encrypted knowledge Atma is pre-built into all of us. We being the conscious agents Jeeva .


because, this "knowledge" can not be destroyed by "worldly" means. Metaphorically - Fire can't burn it. It can't be drowned in water. Krishna says ..

Na [not] Enam [this] Chindanti [cut through, make a hole --> destroy] Shastrani [weaponry] ; Na [not] Dahati [burns] Pavkah [fire].

Na [not] Cha [ and] Enam [ this] Kladyanti [moistens] Aapah [water] ; Na [not] Shoshyati [dries] Marutah [ fast air] .

Weapons can't cut through or make a hole in it. Fire can't burn it. Water can't moisten it and air can't dry it. Which basically means it is not in the realm of manifested.


because this knowledge doesn't change. He says this knowledge is Akshara . In Hindi or Sanskrit Kshra means something that changes and Akshara is the opposite that means something that can never be changed. For example In Hindi Akshara also means written or spoken words to symbolize a word once spoken can never be changed. And once it is written down, it is kinda set in the stone. And in a way words represent knowledge.


because this knowledge is not easily perceived by our externally focused senses or mind. Our senses and mind are designed to ensure survival to lend us a window to explore this physical reality. Their purpose is to focus on external things thus the truth appears encrypted Avykta to our senses. In essence , the encryption is meant for the senses because nature wants us to first indulge in the physical and the physical reality around us holds the key to our inner knowledge. You may ask why so ? Why such arrangement. Why create such an experience and then force us to unlock ..why this game. The simplest answer is because it is beautiful. Our physical reality is the most meticulaous and advanced experience ever created , order of magintude superior to iOS :-) But as the experience becomes more immersive, it also gets addictive. Exits become opaque. And the users are lost in the experience. It is okay to live here in this experience as long as we want but it does have a cost attached to it. That cost is cycles of happiness and pain. It is like a roller cosater - a never ending roller coaster ..

Since everyone has a different set of circumstances , it is not hard to imagine that as an observer we have a very different world view. In essence we have a very different set of cryptographic keys, thus the test of the hypotheis or the method to decrypt the underlying truth is individualistic. BTW it is important to state the meaning of "encrypted". Encrypted doesn't mean "impossible". It only means that it is hard to decrypt unless we devise a better algorithm. Better ways and means to understand the problem. Or we have the public private key combination. Once we have the keys, the entire knowledge base becomes self evident.

BTW, this is not a call for the blind faith. Just as in any scientific inquiry, we start with a hypothesis and then test the validity through experiments , we will see down the line in this book as to why this knowledge is encrypted and how to perceive it without using the survival oriented senses. Or learn to focus our senses on Atma.

So we all get a copy of protected, immutable and encrypted knowledge. That is good but the question is why should I care ?

Worth knowing and Knowable .

Gita says, this inner knowledge is all we need to know or decrypt.

Worth knowing because the answers to all the questions that we are seeking outside, are already embedded with in us. In a way the biggest question is who we are ? That is what we are searching when we climb the Himalayas or sink to the depths of ocean or venture into deep and dark space. Our quest is to find who we are of is there something else, someone like us ?

Knowable because it is built into us, it is called Atma which literally means "Me". In essence, this knowledge is what we are ; our physical body (and mind) are tools to enable the "Actions". Our actions are driven by this inner knowledge. A new born baby knows where to find the milk. In essence this knowledge drives even our survival. Krishna further says that the physical body is fungible but if we let lose this beautiful apparatus without decrypting the knowledge, that is a wasted opportunity.

Just as a Black hole, though beyond our sensory observatories, because information can't travel back from them , we can affirm their existence and other properties such as mass, rotation and entropy , through what they do. Their effects. The best way to approach this inner knowledge is to observe the "Actions" it drives. The process of getting attached to (or focusing back on) the "Actions" is called Karm Yoga.

So we all should try to decrypt our internal knowledge .. Is there a way we could collaborate ? After all we are all trying to accomplish the same goal from different angles ??

The knowledge cloud

The decrypted knowledge manifests into all that we perceive with our senses. Our individual decryption leads to us acquiring skills that can manifest things. The collective decrypted knowledge is what Gita refers to as Bramha. We can think of it as the knowledge cloud immensely bigger than AWS or google cloud.

Bramha is the entirety of our system. System that spans this universe and may be many more if we think we are living in a multi verse but Bramha is only manifestations. We need to be connected with the this primordial cloud because this is what provisions all that we need to conduct our experiments but Bramha in itself is not the entire knowledge. It can only support us, indulge us or inspire us.

In addition, it also gives us the problem sets that we need to decrypt based on our location , our capabilities , our access , our circumstances. In essence this collective decrypted knowledge is what gives us our purpose. Our Karma but Bramha is only manifestations.

In chapter 3 , verse 15 ; Krishna says that Karma - righteous actions are created from Bramha and Bramha is created from Akshra - the unchangeable i.e. knowledge. He says ..

Karm Bramha Udbhavam Viddhi, Bramha Akshara Samudbhavam ;

Tasmat Sarv Gatam Bramha, Nityam Yazne Pratisthitam

As we said above , Bramha means the entirety. Everything that is out there. In Hindi (or Sanskrit) , we call this universe as Bramhand - which means a slice , an instance of the Bramha. In a way, we can imagine Bramha as the entire overarching system - the multiverse. Not the "human only" system. This is the system that through evolution or by design is what creates the individual specific righteous actions. Means system designed duties. Every being in the universe has a purpose. There is nothing here that has no good reason to be here. In addition, the system Bramha provisions a superior garbage collection system. Anything that is not serving a purpose is quickly 'garbage collected' . Even the garbage collection process has a deeper purpose. It turns the such collection into the food for the ones who are striving or serving a purpose. In may sound harsh, but such is the reality of this manifestation..

Krishna further says , that therefore, for all pervading Bramha , always situate yourself into your Yazna, the prescribed and pre-decided ritual of actions.

To recap all that we discussed , here is a kind numbered list ..

  1. All conscious agents get a protected immutable copy of entire knowledge base - Something like a git clone.
  2. The knowledge appears encrypted to our externally focused senses and mind but it is knowable with proper rigor and algorithms. Gita suggests Karm Yoga for this end.
  3. We manifest ourselves and the things around us based on the knowledge we decrypt.
  4. The collective decrypted knowledge is called Bramha - The pan universal manifested knowledge cloud.
  5. Bramha provisions all that we need to conduct our experiments and it also tells us what we need to do. In addition, it implements a superior garbage collection system.
  6. When we decrypt the entire knowledge base we are free from the cyclic nature of our reality because now we are one with the immutable knowledge. In that Gita says that we can take infinite births across multiple species as we choose to.
  7. Our externally focused senses and mind are there to provision this opportunity for us. Opportunity to decrypt the knowledge. They do so by ensuring our survival through longevity or passage of genes. In essence we have ability to mutate faster to access the immutable. Thus human life is a blessing among all other species. Obviously because we are bestowed with bigger brains that enabled us create the tools and skills. At the same time it also means more opportunities for distractions. Thus we need to regulate our senses with mind and indulge them in Karm Yoga.
  8. The cycle of knowledge to manifestation and vice versa is end less. It is a circle or spherical. Not a linear timeline.

For the better part of last hundred years, physicists are trying hard to unify the theory of relativity with that of quantum mechanics ; also called the unification of theory of large spatial bodies led by gravity with the theory that regulates physical systems at the micro sub atomic scale. Such attempts are sometimes dubbed as Theory of Everything But literally speaking , theory of everything, can't just be a scientific theory pertaining to motion of physical systems. It must take in to account the other aspects of human life such as conciousness, memory , intelligence. On the other hand many new(er) scientific approaches hit the extreme opposite ends. Some of them claim that the universe is a mere your desktop and things appear as icons in it as said by Don Hoffman in "Case against Reality". They feel that the world gets created as soon as we open our eyes. If that is the case then it is really a solo and sad world we live in alone. Many of such theories and religious factions such as non-dualism have taken the meaning of consciousness or Atma to the very extreme state such that they appear to look down on our sensory reality. Gita says that we must have deepest of appreciation of our physical sensory reality because this physical reality is what Bramha creates for us and this is what holds the keys to our inner knowledge. It says that a human can't get to state of bliss (or beyond labor of actions) without hard work. And even those who have given up everything , don't attract any distinct success. In a way Gita establishes a balance between the physical and metaphysical. It says

Na [not] Karmnaam [of righteous action] Anarambhan [the ones that are never initiated] Naishkarmyam [a stage where one is beyond actions- bliss ] Ashnute [one who achieved said stage];

Na [nor] Cha [also] Sannyasnat [one who has renounced everything, towards them] eva [ also] Siddhim [distinguishable success] Samadhigacchti [easily goes towards].

No one gets to a state of "beyond actions" - bliss, a state of everlasting peace or oneness with the awareness ; without ever starting the actions. Even those who have renounced everything, don't attract any distinguishable success. In essence we must act to resolve the problems of our physical reality.

Gita Framework resolves many of such burning questions, or at least attempts to set priorities for our strife. The later is more important because we have a grand theory for the large spatial bodies and yet another for the tiniest subatomic particles but what about us ? Where is the theory that helps me live my life better ? Puts me on the righteous path and thus helps me to attain peace. On the other hand most of the religiously oriented philosophies paint a dark lonely picture of my world. It feels as if we are here to give up everything ; then why in the world we are here at first place ?

In a way Gita, gives necessary structure and skeleton to our quest - scientific and spiritual. And it gets more relevant in these asking times, when on one side imminent opportunities (think artificial intelligence, robotics , space and biotech) are hitting exponential trajectory, and on the other more than half the humanity struggles for elemental air and water. There was never a bigger demand on humans to choose right from wrong and then stay focused on path.

<> Let us start the journey ..



In this section we try to decipher how Gita defines the broader construct and interactions of physical mainfested world with the unmanifested. We take a quick look at how science and popular religions take a point on the same topic and how Gita puts foreward a totally different perspective. In a way, this is a continuation of the last section "Hypothesis" becasue we didn't cover the last point of hypothesis - the cyclic nature of our reality.


In last section we skimmed over the idea that the physical universe is perpetual. There is no beginning or an end. However, we find that in both, science as well as popular religions, there appears to be a distinct start of the universe. In fact , over last few decades, the debate about science v/s religion has reduced to "Evolution v/s Intelligent Design". The primary evolutionary argument is that things didn't begin with a pre-decided grand design but over millions of years , the natural selection forced the survival of the "fittest", that led to the world we have. On the other hand religion has become synonymous to the idea that someone external - say God, created this entire walled garden . The argument on this side is normally that the beauty and complexity of this magnitude can't just be a mere accident.

Top down or Bottom up.

The idea that someone superior runs this show , whether we call it God or say that we are in a simulation created by some more intelligent beings; means that there is an agency that pulls or holds everything together. If something holds and pulls everything around in a system , it is easy to imagine that this entity is at the center. Such a system with established central governance is what we refer to as a "top down model". In a way, the top down approach is essentially like a circle or a sphere. A powerful center that pulls everyone and everything towards it. God can be a super super massive blackhole at the center of this universe and who knows we might just be a holographic projection on this super massive blackhole super central one.

Opposite to this is a system that has no central control. Such a system is where things evolve and they come together to form a governing center. Bottom up systems such as these are what we call evolutionary. For example we can say that that the nations of Europe were fairly independent and they came together to form the European Union. The constituents of this system were moving in their own ziggy zaggy motion in absence of a controlling force - preexisting or self governing. Every participant had their own identity. But in real life, this swag runs out fairly quickly and we always end up creating a self governing structure. Or else the system falls apart. Even our own body is a self governing system of immense complexity.

If we see closely, all the systems are actually in the second category. Rise of an identity and immediate formation of a central governing control. The notion of "self identity" converts into an opposite outwards pull. In essence the central force is always balanced by a radially outwards force. The inwards force is what makes the "system" ; the outwards is what gives us our own identities. This is the basis of what we call "Duality" in Hindu Scriptures commonly referred to as Dwait.

In a way a strange outwards force seeks freedom as soon as we come in contact with a central or governing force. Heraclitus , long before Socrates, called it "unity in opposites" The dialectic , also known as "coincidentia oppositorum", defines that the existence or identity of a thing or situation depends on coexistence of at least two conditions that are opposite to each other, yet dependent on each other and presupposing each other with in a field of tension. The very fact that we can perceive something means there exists a sum total of two opposite forces.

Which means all the manifested things are necessarily centrally governed as well self governing at the same time. In a magnet, it literally manifests into dipoles. There is nothing here in this manifested world that exists without at least two opposing forces. Now such a central pull and push out , along the radius ; is a construct what we know as circular motion.

Nature of our reality

The existence of two such forces - inwards ; what we call centripetal force and outwards what we know as centrifugal force is a hallmark of every physical system. There is nothing in this universe that is not circling around itself and around something else - be it planets, stars , solar systems or even galaxies. We know for sure now there are massive black holes at the center of galaxies that make them go round and round. Now in physical systems, we might see some particles or say some meteorites, that don't obey this rule but we know sooner or later they will merge into a planet or a star. Even the photons (light) shall bend around if the gravity is strong enough - say a black hole.

Even in the meta physical systems - say a class room. A teacher is the central force . In a family mom holds the strings together. In a nation there are governments as the central force and in business there is always a nasty boss looking over our shoulders :-) In a way , the meta physical systems are not that different from the physical systems.

In essence we can say everything is circular or spherical, and if everything is circular - there is obviously no beginning or end. Because the only thing true about a perpetual circular motion is the motion itself and of course that we can't pin point a true start or true end. And if that is the case, no one - either God or evolution need to create this universe. All we need is a force that holds it together and another that tries to expand it. Thus we can conclude both God and evolution work hand in hand in manifested but perpetual universe. We need both of them to keep this motion going - at both physical and meta-physical levels.

Now you may say how this all started ? What was there before these physical or meta physical systems came into being. There must be something else ? Physicists are trying to answer this for ever. I guess we are settled that in our manifested world, both God and Evolution coexist but the real question is what was before God or evolution . How did we become One from Zero? One universe held together by a strange force and still evolving at every single level of physical as well as meta-physical. The problem is our scientific models break down at the stage. We can't foresee or perceive what was there before the beginning of time .. I guess it will help if we understand the notion of time itself before we delve more on this fundamental question ..


In fact the very idea of time is generated out of this circular motion. A day is completion of a circle around the axis of earth. An year is a completion of circle around the sun. The predictable repeatability of events means existence of circle. The very tic tic of the watch symbolizes a circular motion. In essence we can say that the notion of the future is about expansion of the sphere ; And that of contraction is that of the past. The notion that time is linear is generated out of our myopic view. As briefly mentioned in previous section - Stephen Hawking in is best seller "Universe in a Nut Shell" , argues and asks everyone to devote more time to understand the concept of "Imaginary Time" . Wick's rotation to an imaginary frame of reference , is a well established mathematical concept that when applied to real time, depicts that the time is actually spherical and for our type of universe it needs to be flat on the poles just like the north and south poles of earth. In essence time and space are pretty similar in a four dimensional space-time model what we call Mikownski Space. The details of imaginary time are obviously beyond the scope of this article but I highly recommend (as recommended by Mr Hawking himself) to explore the nature of time.

The fact that we live in a four dimensional space time is a foregone conclusion but what is interesting is even with this addition, science can't really explain what was there before time. Stephen Hawkings rightly says that this an invalid question because our notion of manifested fails when we get to the notion of something before time. In fact , quantum field theory suggests that the sub atomic particles manifest out of a quantum field. Of course we can't perceive that quantum field. And then mathematics delves into a multi dimensional meta verse that is obviously beyond our extend observatories. On last count we have have eight tiny curled up dimensions and three that extend spatially to almost infinity . At this stage science appears even more mysterious than the wildest claims on the religious side. In fact on religious side the definition appears much more elegant. The principals of non-duality says that this thing that is before and beyond the manifested , is just one "un-manifested". Thus the idea of non dual. In Hindu scriptures we call this concept Advaita - One undivided. Non-dual.

The important thing is to keep in mind that Duality and non-duality are NOT opposite to each other as they may appear in the name. Duality is about our manifested world. The opposite forces in both physical and meta-physical world. The day and the night. The life and death. The happiness and the pain. The God and the evolution. In fact the duality is in the foundations of modern science. On the other hand non-duality is about the oneness of un-manifested. It deems that un-manifested as our only true nature and all that we see around is a mere shadow. It says that time as we perceive is a mere reflection of our thoughts and space is a creation of our senses. And the actions we perceive we are taking.

What does Gita say ?

Gita says this is a perpetual continuum between manifested and un-manifested has no beginning or end. It is in fact a circle. To symbolize this Krishna bears a circular Chakra on his little finger as the only weapon that he needs. In Hindu mythology Chakra is the most potent of weapons. Nothing can withstand it. Nothing can destroy it. That is what our reality is. Its a circle that has no beginning ; no end.

If everything is circling about itself and rotating around something central in the physical world, and there is a perpetual cycle from un-manifested to physical and vice versa; then how do we define freedom or peace? Before we know the path to exit , we need to know what is the meaning of exit, Nirvana. We know for sure that natural impulse to manifest is as strong as the impulse to be one with the cosmic if not more. Gita says that the exit from this cycle is in the knowledge of this perpetual cycle. We don't need to destroy our beautiful physical reality in pursuit of one-ness with the un-manifested. Nor do we need to accelerate the process of manifestation. All we need to do is find the perfect balance. And attaining such a balance is possible only when we truly feel the knowledge inbuilt to us. Krishna says ..

Evam [thus] Pravartitam [] Chakram [ cycle] Na [ no] Anuvartaytih [ adopts and practices; follows] Iha [ in this life] Yah [ one who];

Agha-Aayuh [ whose life is full of misconduct] Indriya-aaramo [ satisfied and seeker of sense gratification] Mogham [ uselessly] Parth [ Arjuna] Sah [ that person] Jeevati [ lives].

Thus , one who doesn't follow or adopts and practices this cycle the way it is meant to be ; such a person , full of misconduct and seeker of sensory gratification, lives uselessly.

At the same time the knowledge allows us to know that our physical reality is temporary. In essence the knowledge makes us play this circle like a game, without getting attached to it . Thus we can enjoy the motion and attain the lasting peace while performing righteous actions. Krishna says ..

Yah [ one ] Tu [ but ] Atma-ratih [ busy in self ] Eva [ certainly ] Syat [ stays, remains ] Atma-triptah [ satiated ] Cha [ and ] Manvah [ human ];

Aatmni [ In herself ] Eva [ only ] Santushtah [ satisfied ] Tasya [ for her ] Karyam [ work,, duty ] Na [ does not ] Vidyte [ exists ] .

But one who is busy in herself and stays satiated ; satisfied in herself , for her there is no duty.

Karm Yoga is the way to attain this self satiated and satisfied state.

Faith is a pre-requisite.

Coming back to our conversation on the beginning of universe. Intelligent design or Evolution. Or a continuum between manifested and beyond manifested. The more important point is "Do we believe in something?" . If yes, we are in the same camp. The other camp is who do not believe in anything. If we "believe" we are saying there is a question, and there is "a" or "many" answers out there that need to be found. We can believe in "Evolution" or we can start with "Intelligent Design" ; if we conduct our experiments carefully, and assuming there is only one definition of "Truth" , all believers will reach the same conclusion. Non believers- well they won't even start on the quest till they start believing in something. Thus "faith" is a pre-requisite for the journey. Krishna says that fastest way exit from the cycles is to believe in ourselves. Our own protected and immutable knowledge because we are what we believe in.

Krishna puts this idea very eloquently in chapter seventeen of Gita. He says

Sattvanurupa Sarvasya, Shradha Bhavati Barata;

Shrddha-mayo yam Purusho, yo yat shraddha sa eva sah.

Means the humans evolve their faith according to their nature and nurture. We are believers and we are what we believe in. This also means that we are seekers and we always seek the truth. Which also means that any debate on "my faith being right and yours not" is pretty useless.

What we know for sure..

We know for sure that things work in unison in this perpetual universe. And most of it[universe] is well automated. The car runs: We only turn the ignition and press the paddle. This is not to say that we do nothing. We continuously expand the decrypted knowledge. Our purpose is to decrypt the knowledge. And the best way to do that is to first understand what we are extending. What is our current immediate reality.

The simple question that every rational being must ask, how and why all this is made available to us ? Who did it? We can name it an "accident". We can attribute all this to a chance. Or even call it "evolution". Those all are convenient terms to "black box" what we don't know. We can hide the unknown under evolutionary rug, but we just can't deny that we are very lucky to be here. Millions of cards must have fallen in right places. Thus we need to perform our set of actions to help push the boundaries in whatever field we are. The knowledge is not limited to the scientists on the bleeding edge. In fact every single skill is equally important.

Quest is eternal

Long before modern science took current shape, humans asked this question. They asked why the sun shows up ? Why weathers change? We now have better explanations but as Richard Feynman once put it "why" can only be explained to a certain degree subject to the knowledge of asker and the explainer. At some point, after peeling few layers, we find there are infinitely many more layers and any attempt to further explain is counter productive. At some stage, we must accept there is more to it than we can fathom. The spirituals named it "God". The biologists call it evolution, the physicists and mathematicians have yet better name - they call it "probability".

The point here is we can't find the true answer ..Yet. There is a journey we must complete before we get down to writing the answers. Gita says that journey is Karm Yoga.


A skeptical mind is a good thing. After all, we owe our survival to our ability to question everything that comes our way. We must take on a direction only if it appeals to our rationale - beyond dogma and hearsay.

Whenever we approach a faculty that is somewhat in the realm of religion or spirituality ; typical way to address any initial inquiries, is to black box the questions. I have been through this rigmarole many times. First do the following and then you will know the answer. And they would say , you had automatically know the answers, just have blind faith :-) . For that matter, even in science or technology, when we try to pursue a new stream , we need to wait, put some effort , at least understand the basic vocabulary before we could even frame the right questions .. That said , it is easy to black-box our questions into an unknown variable and have us perform certain set of activities before the variable is exposed. Only to find later that black-box was actually an empty box. There was no cat in it . Is the concept of Atma , the [protected] knowledge one such black-box?

I also challenged the concept with the same argument. Here is my rationale before I took on the journey. I mean that is what we do for we can't see or forecast the future. We apply rationale to choose the most optimum way to spend our time, and move forward. The first obvious comfort was ..

It didn't ask me to give up anything.

I love my life. Frankly, there are not many complaints. The ideas of Gita appealed to me because it is not asking me give up my life for a strange unknown blessing. All it basically says is just do your duties. The things that you would anyway be doing. And if not you will be forced to do anyways.

No religious overload .

It didn't ask me to visit a temple or light up the candles at a church. In fact it didn't sound religious at all. It calls for realization of your inner "self" and it says once you know yourself, you are the God. And that is what the scientific inquiry is. We climb the heights of Himalayas and sink to the depths of oceans; we venture deep dark space , for what ? Ultimately we want to find out who we are ? Or is there someone else like us ?

Despite being part of Hindu scripture (s), Gita doesn't belong to any religion nor does it advocate a specific God or a specific way to worship. In fact, it rejects the popular religious ideas. The situation itself was very symbolic - You have a king talking to a prince in the middle of a war. There were no long bearded monks there. This discourse was NOT at a Himalayan cave . In fact , it was not even a discourse - it was a one on one conversation. And the out come of this conversation was the biggest blood shed ever known to the mankind - at least, till the time of its writing. There sure is nothing religious about it.

A very different approach

It came as a fresh air to my goal (outcome) oriented thirty years through the corporate ladder. Everything should not be a calculation. I should be able to do things just for my (inner) sake.

Made me more effective

Being attached to "Actions" made me more effective at my chores. I got better at fitness. Once I stopped chasing a number for "Financial Independence" and started focusing on right investment actions, the number automatically came through.

All above are good, but the thing that really won me over ...

The sharp logic

If we start a game, a common perception is that there are two possible outcomes - we win , or we lose. Win means we are happy, lose means life sucks. In a normal game, if we keep on losing, ultimately we will run out of the chips or the casino will close (assuming we are not at 24 X 7 Las Vegas :-) .

So the third possible outcome is the game ends

What if we are in a game that can't be stopped ....ever.

Isn't life one such game ? Leaving the concept of reincarnation at a bay (for the time being ) - I asked myself - Is it possible to be alive but not play the game !

Can I pack my cards ?

The obvious answer was to get to a sustainable financial independence[FI], resign the regular job. Try to live with in my means. I did all that .. But many of you who reached FI would vouch - the game doesn't stop. Portfolio, pandemics and politics never stop. And of course the body itself needs us to go on .. It goes on and on . Only the events change - cycles don't. Desires , happiness and Pain are kinda built into us. No matter where we go , no matter what we do, our mind can't get over the game .

There seems no option to pack the cards , sit in the casino bar and just enjoy a drink - no game.

Even if I don't "use" the exit, there must be one. Where is my third option ? To just "be" .. at peace. I thought doing "nothing" .. I thought doing "nothing" might work. It doesn't.

It just seems unfair that I was neither asked if I wanted to play in the first place, nor do I have permission to leave. On top of that - the reincarnation thing (if true) sounds as if , I am stuck here for the eternity , playing these Squid games :-) . Isn't it ?

Gita's take on this HARD problem ..

Gita says where the world looks at only two outcomes - heaven or hell ; both being here in this life time, there does exist a third option - Nirvana - that is to exit this game . Heaven is symbolic of the pleasures of favourable outcome - hell is quite the opposite - the sustained stay of pain. But there is no "Peace" if that is what exit looks like.

Krishna says - Nirvana is the real victory and that is the real goal. And he proposes Karm Yoga as the only path. In essence, Gita gives a new destination and also paves the singular path to it . Why singular ? why only path ? Because , it says , all other paths finally lead to Karm Yoga.

In nutshell, it says that the pains and happiness are attached to the "the expectations v/s the outcomes". If favorable we are happy , Otherwise not. Actions, on the other hand, have two different properties - peace and knowledge. If we focus on actions (and do them as a ritual - Yajna) we will attain the peace and decrypt the knowledge. And finally this knowledge automatically solves the puzzle and thus exit - Nirvana.

And here is the Kicker - It says that we don't need to perform any special drill ... All we need to do is just change your approach to "Actions" ..

No Brainer

That sounded like a no Brainer.. Isn't it ? If all I need to do is change the approach to things I anyway do - invest in stocks, love my dogs, run , chat with friends, take care of a family , drink some good wine and come up with occasional tweets :-) ; then obviously there is no down side to trying out Nirvana route ..

Alexa - put me on Nirvana mode

Unfortunately , Alexa still doesn't have the Nirvana skill :-) . So the journey is really to learn (and experiment) how to focus solely on "Actions" . Without any consideration to "outcomes".

Turns out it is harder than what I thought. Desires creep into every thing we do. Thus Karm Yoga is a skill , just like playing the Violin. The good news is Gita has all the information. We still need to practice though ; because just information is not sufficient. Gita is experiential.

Even better news is, the work done on this path never goes wasted. This assurance comes from the "auto save mode" :-) Krishna knows, we will wander off track ; get swayed by the desires- thus the assurance that once we start on karmYoga , just like swimming , we will never forget it. We can always come back at any point, reset our password (if forgot), and get started from where we left ..

Isn't Nirvana a Desire ?

Yes it is, aspiring to exit is also a desire, a desired outcome..what a catch :-) .. I thought to myself !

Gita says - only till we are learning . Once we attain Karm Yoga, even the desire to exit vanishes - thus the eternal peace. Exit happens whenever it needs to happen .. At this stage we are not even a Karm Yogi ..we are simply a Yogi - means connected.

In chapter 3, the first verse of Krishna responding to questions of Arjuna. He says ..

Loke [in the world] Asmin [this] Dwi-Vidha [two kinds of] Nishtha [faith] Pura [previously] Prokta [said] Maya [by me] Anagha [O sinless Arjun];

Jnana Yogena [with ritual of knowledge] Sankhyanam [by philospphers] Karm Yogen [with ritiual of actions] Yoginam [by Yogies].

So Krishna, having understood the confusion that still prevailed in the mind of biggest warrior and his friend and he talks back to him with love and respect, he says - O sinless Arjuna , There are two types of faith in this world as told by me previously Nyana yoga for the philosophers and scientists and Karma Yoga for the Yogies - those who are connected to me.

And eventually the Nyaan Yogies too find that Karm Yoga is the path to realize the knowledge that they were anyway striving for.

Having been on this path for now five-ish years , I had say that there is no down side to Karm Yoga because it makes you more productive and efficient in whatever field you are in ; however, I wouldn't misguide you that it is an easy choice. Separating actions from desires is HARD. Desires keep creeping into whatever we do. And that is the topic of first chapter of this book - Karm Yoga - the ritual of Actions.

Chapter 2.0

Chapter three of Gita is the very source of Karm Yoga , a ritualistic approach to actions. And it is somewhat "opinionated" in the sense it proposes Karm Yoga as the preferred way to redemption. And there is a good reason for that. In the beginning of chapter 3, Arjuna tells Krishna your mixed messages are kinda delusion-ing my intelligence. So decide one thing and tell me for sure what is the right path. He says

Vya Mishren Eva Vakyen, Buddhim Mohaysi Eva Me.

Tat Ekam Vad Nishichitya, Yen Shreya Aham Apnuyam.

So in way, Arjuna forced Krishna to be very decisive in this conversation. That said, Gita, wholeheartedly welcomes all the seekers whatever path they take but it adds that all the other paths finally lead to Karm Yoga. Thus it makes sense to directly focus on the root to best utilize our time here on this planet. .

What is Karm Yoga

Performing righteous actions rigorously - like a ritual , is Karm Yoga. The caveat, however, is - our focus on actions needs to be singular - such intense that we forget the "Outcomes".

At a very minimum, and if you need entire Gita in a single tweet ; then here is the core message

Everything that we do , has two very basic constituents - the desire and the actions. We normally act based on desires which is fine. All Gita says is change your focus from "desires" to "Actions". Just like "desires" ; "actions" have endless variants. Instead of running after multitude of desires and coming up with a completely new action plan daily, just decide what you like to do and keep doing it (with tiny variants) till you perfect the routine. Such a daily repeated set of actions is called Yajna.

In chapter 3 , verse 15 ; Krishna says that Karma - righteous actions are created from Bramha and Bramha is created from Akshra - the unchangeable i.e. knowledge. He says ..

Karm Bramha Udbhavam Viddhi, Bramha Akshara Samudbhavam ;

Tasmat Sarv Gatam Bramha, Nityam Yazne Pratisthitam

Bramha means the entirety. Everything that is out there. In Hindi (or Sanskrit) , we call this universe as Bramhand - which means a slice , an instance of the Bramha. In a way, we can imagine Bramha as the entire overarching system - the multiverse. Not the "human only" system. This is the system that through evolution or by design - let us not get into that debate of intelligent design v/s evolution ; what creates the righteous actions. Means system designed duties.Every being in the universe has a purpose. There is nothing here that has no good reason to be here. In addition, the system also has a superior garbage collection system. Anything that is not serving a purpose is quickly 'garbage collected' by the nature. Even the garbage collection process has a deeper purpose. It turns the such collection into the food for the ones who are striving or serving a purpose. In may sound harsh, but such is the reality of this manifestation..

Krishna says that the specified actions, for every being ; from a bacteria to an elephant; are created by the Bramha. And Bramha is created by the Akshara - Something that never changes. And that is knowledge. In Hindi, Akshra means the word. Something that is said or put into words, can never changes. That copy of commit of the spoken or written word becomes immutable. As we also saw in the hypothesis, the unchangeable is the knowledge. Thus in essence, the actions are created by the [protected] knowledge. Krishna further says , that therefore, for all pervading Bramha , always situate yourself into your Yazna, the prescribed and pre-decided ritual of actions.

Being miserable is a choice. And so is being "inactive". Krishna asks Arjuna to get up and "be doing" the right thing - Uttishtha Bharata for "Righteous actions" is the only way to succeed in this world and beyond. We obviously don't know what happens after death but I think no one would ever debate that focus on "Actions" is any day a better choice than entertaining the desires. Does this mean we need to give up all desires ? Absolutely NO. Krishna himself is an embodiment of all the worldly pleasures. The point is only the focus - he says , if you focus on desires, you will get cycles of happiness and pain. If you focus on Actions - you will attain knowledge and peace.

The process however takes a bit of careful indulgence into this simple idea . Desires have a knack of finding their way into everything we do. Thus attaining Karm Yoga to become a Karm Yogi - one who practices Karm Yoga as a second nature , is a gradual process - like a journey.

Separation of Actions from Outcomes

The key to understanding Karm Yoga is that actions and outcomes are two separate entities. Think of a roulette table. Action is to put your money on a number. Expected outcome is you hit a jackpot . They don't have a cause and effect relationship. To be correct from physics standpoint - Yes , action has a reaction. Means - when you put money on the table, table will push it up :-) but that is not the outcome we are talking about. The outcome that we are discussing has a degree of separation from the actions , it is one of the possibility out of millions or possibilities if a multitude of the things get coincidental and sequential. With each degree of separation, the probability of favorable outcome reduces exponentially - such that, in real world , expected outcomes are as improbable as hitting a jackpot in a casino.

Our senses chase certain outcomes. Outcomes that our mind deems better for the survival (or growth) of physical body. Based on the outcomes, we keep adjusting our actions hoping to hit the jackpot. Continuing with our example - adjusting the action means we change the slot or the number that we put our money on - still hoping for the jackpot. Our sensory focus always stays tied to the outcomes. And thus we miss all the action.

Test - in any gambling session, All you remember are the major wins - Your lucky number but you never remember all the numbers you put your money on and lost. You don't remember the sequence that led to the win. Try to remember next time you sit for a poker game - entire history. Your focus will shift from winning the game to "how" the game works ?

Let us take another example from stock market. We invest in say Apple hoping the stock will go up after the new product launch. Our investment has no relationship at all as to what Apple is planning or how the overall market reacts to to the news. Our hope (in this case) is as good as hoping for the jackpot . You may say that yes, you can predict what new products are likely. Yes you can, to some extent but reaction of stock market is like the spinning wheel. If the stock goes up, we feel happy and claim a win. If it goes down, we take another action to sell the stock to stop losses. In a way, we have put the cart in front of the horse. Random outcomes govern most of our actions. We live in expectation of one outcome to another. We forget the action - means we still "act" ; but our focus is on "outcomes" - not "Actions"

Karm Yoga is shifting our focus from "outcomes" to the "Action".

Why "Actions" matter ?

As per the hypothesis - the actions are driven by the [protected] knowledge. Just the way we can infer the existence of a Black hole by interpreting it's effects, observing our own actions can give us an indication on the nature of our own black-box, our [protected] knowledge. As you know , Black-holes are invisible to our senses or the tools that extend our senses because no information comes back from them. But we know their existence and we can tell let us say their mass, their angular momentum or even their entropy by observing their effects or the actions.

This knowledge is hidden to our senses because senses are externally focussed on outcomes. Senses are information receptors of the conscious agent. Which is not bad because the primary purpose of senses is survival - not the "exit". The more we focus on worldly outcomes, more we are bonded to our sensory "reality". Which also means that with outcome based strategies, it is impossible to access internal hidden knowledge.

In essence we must seek "Action" NOT the "Outcomes". Outcomes will be there but they are to be seen as by-products. The primary goal is to know yourself. So next time you go for a job interview, your focus should be what work you are going to do. Not the monthly compensation or perks :-) . In fact , voluntary service is the best way to get initiated in Karm Yoga.. As you get steadfast on this path , you will realize , even the nature of work is unimportant , what matters is you are constantly observing your "Actions" and are always eager to perform them. The best example is kids eagerly waiting for the play time. They don't care of the out comes. They don't even care what game. All they want do is to indulge in action - video games included :-)

Why righteous actions ?

Any action is good if the goal is to only know / understand [protected] knowledge. Doing "righteous" actions is a smarter way because the people around you will facilitate (if needed). On the other hand, if your actions are random, "outcomes focussed" people will hinder your ritual. As a karmyogi , you don't care about the outcomes, but people around you do. So , do the right thing unless you are living a solitary life in a Himalayan cave :-) . In fact, It is easier to do the right thing ...except when you are in a testing situation like Arjuna, that demands to take a point at your friends and relatives ; and teachers .. But such events are rare and think of them as a final test of KarmYoga - not the initiation. As a matter of fact, if your focus is what you are doing , it is very hard to do anything wrong. We normally get into immoral conduct when we are driven by desires.

Thus Krishna said to Arjuna ..

If you win (in realizing your [protected] knowledge) , you will exit from the miseries of the cyclic nature, even if you lose , you will still have the wealth of this world to rejoice. And if you died, this body is anyways fungible.

Do I really control the Karma?

Depends on who am I ? If I am physical body and mind then "No". In this case random outcomes control our actions.

If I am the [protected] knowledge , then yes.

This also means that the free will is contingent upon our definition of who we are.

Why is it encrypted to senses.

The purpose of senses is constantly seek the environment to ensure our survival. So that we get a window to explore the self. Unfortunately, senses get tied to the sensory pleasures and lead our actions to accomplish more and more pleasurable outcomes. We get into the gambling game. Keep putting money in various slots in hope of hitting the pot. Before we know it, we start using senses solely for pleasure. Even the survival becomes secondary. In a way, we get addicted to favorable outcomes. At this stage, it is almost impossible for the senses to focus on "Actions". Thus the [protected] knowledge appears encrypted.

Karm Yoga is thus a gradual process to retrain the senses away from sensory pleasures to focus back on Karma. Important thing to know is the problem really are not the pleasures. The problem is we got defocused.

Isn't it impossible ?

Yes it is. Detaching the actions from outcomes is as "impossible" as picking up a violin and become a musician the very first day. We need to think Karm Yoga as a skill. The ultimate skill that enables you to learn anything you want and finally know yourself. Thus it is a journey.

You may already be a `Karm Yogi"

If learning new skills comes easy to you; you may already be a Karm Yogi. You just didn't know it. And the training could be a bit misplaced. For example, the modern way to accomplish something is to set your eyes on a higher outcome. May be you want to become a successful you tuber. What you are told to chase is say a million followers. Once you hit that you are craving for ten million. Or you want to excel in sports. The coaching is to give you a bigger dopamine for more dollars, more recognition. So that you could let go immediate sensory pleasures in expectations for the ever moving line. . You work hard to accomplish your goals.

Krishna says - If you practice Karm Yoga for a worldly goal, you will easily get that. Means you focus on actions to say become a writer. You will become a writer. But all such gains vanish in due course. And you again start to accomplish something else - may be even bigger. You are already a Karm Yogi because you know how to control your senses and focus on actions. You are just striving for the lesser goals. In a way you are short selling yourself. Why not learn the "process of learning" itself. And access entire knowledge base that is already hidden in you. In fact, such short selling is the cause of all cycles. It creates a race among humans to do more of the less- to chase more and more lesser goals. It makes us seek higher and higher sensory pleasures. Bigger the rise, deeper the fall ..

Same skill of learning, with a better coaching, can lead to eternal peace and fulfilling knowledge... All that when we get to the framework.

Elegance Test

Before we pursue the experimental test of the hypothesis - the idea must pass the elegance test. The model proposed by Gita is beautiful in the sense it uniquely empowers every individual to overcome the miseries of life and at the same time, it sets up the stage for a successful career as a residue. Our individual success leads to a world worth striving for.

In essence - if Gita is True , it is a good news we all are waiting for..



We know, practice makes us perfect. The question is why ? Why is it that we get better with each iteration? It is so fundamental that we don't even think about it. It is so finely ingrained in us that we don't even notice this phenomenon, while it is the very basis of all life, all intelligence. We owe our survival as well as human rise to this very basic trait of ours that we get better with each repetition. We will primarily address this question and also see how Karm Yoga gives a new vantage to the skills built through daily reps - the ritual of actions - Yazna.

In the last section we expanded the hypothesis that we can decrypt the knowledge by observing the actions . Actions that it guides us into. These are the actions that we consciously curated such as driving, swimming, cooking , running or any other routine that we do on a daily basis. We also saw that the pre-requisite is to do away the expectations. Which means we need to detach ourselves from the sensory pleasures. This is subtle change - not something that will upside down our lives. The idea is not to despise the senses or the sensory pleasures. Survival is after all important. The idea is to start spending time with actions - may be couple hours everyday. Krishna says ...

Yah [one who] Tu [but] Indriyani [the senses] Mansa [ by the mind] Niyamya [as a routine] Arabhte [ndulge in] Arjuna [arjuna];

Karm-Indriyaih [with the active work organs] Karm Yogam [ritual of action] Asaktah [without attachment] Sah [s/he] Vishishyate [excels]

One who initiates actions by regulating the senses with mind, engaged in Karm Yoga with active work organs, and detached to the outcomes , that person is special - vishishyate, s/he excels.

What does regulating the senses with mind mean ? In classical Hathyoga, we have a meta-physical model connecting our spiritual being with the physical body. The human body is said to have fifty emotions , what we call vritis attached to lower five Chakras . For example the vrittis of hope and compassion are attached to the heart Chakra, what we call Anahta. We will dive deep into the chakras and vrittis attached to them when we discuss about the senses. For now, suffice to say that Hath Yoga describes five primary senses and five secondary senses. So put together we have ten senses. This is a slight change from what we normally hear that we have five senses. Hindu scripture and particularly the Hath Yoga describes ten senses.

Thus we can express fifty emotions through ten senses which means a total of five hundred expressions. Fifty multiplied by ten equals five hundred. And each of the expression, can be one that creates bondage or the one that relieves us from the bondage. Kinda positively charged or negative connotation. Thus in all we have a total of thousand expressions that are controlled by our mind chakra; what we call Sahsrara.

So regulating the senses with mind means, being able to manage our emotional responses and being able to decipher spiritual from physical. Thus Krishna says , one who regulates the senses with the mind and indulges in actions without any expectations of outcomes; is a special one .. Because once we initiate the actions in such a fashion, practice gets easily accessible. Training becomes a ritual. And we get better at a specific thing .. But we already knew that .. Practice makes us perfect.. The question was why does practice makes us perfect ? A nicely done meta-physical model of Hath Yoga or just the words of Krishna should not be the reason to give in our precious time into practice. The idea must appeal to our rationale. We can possibly look at the science to understand it better . Though this topic kinda falls at the intersection of religion and spirituality, we could still get some clues from technology. The good news is modern science has unraveled this mystery. In fact we are applying the idea of neural networks, the things that are there in our brains, to solve some of the most daunting challenges of our time through what we all know as machine learning or artificial intelligence.

The most versatile neural network

Our brain is an amazing learning engine. In Hath Yoga, as we said, brain is symbolized by Sahsrara Chakra, the top Chakra with a thousand expressions attached to it. We can call it a neural network; order of magnitude bigger and sophisticated than any of the AIs we have built to date. For example the GPT3, the biggest of the artificial neural network has some 185 Billion parameters. On the other hand, though not an "apple to apple " comparison, a human brain has roughly 86 Billion neurons. Each of the brain neuron has approximately 7000 synapses. And each synapse is similar to a parameter in the silicon based networks. Which means we have roughly 60 Trillion parameters. Let it sync in .. 86 billion multiplied by 7000, we are talking 60 Trillion parameters in a single human brain. Each one of us is carrying a super general purpose AI in our heads that is approximately 300x the largest silicon based AI built to date. And we have seven billion brains in humans only here on this planet who can learn and collaborate with each other. Add to this trillions of brains of plants and trees and the other species who we haven't yet learnt to communicate with. Imagine the massive neural compute we have at our disposal. In a way we have a natural neural cloud continuously learning, reconfiguring and evolving itself.

I am sure the man made neural networks such as GPT3 will grow fast, just like integrated circuits. They might follow the Moore's law. And one day they might surpass our own brains but the real question is will they ever be as efficient as the ones we have. From efficient I mean the "compute to energy" consumption which basically means cost effectiveness. It might take machines millions of years to reach the efficiency and portability that we already have. They will essentially need to go through the similar , or may be a bit accelerated, evolution cycle as we already have. And I doubt they will ever be as interoperable as we are because of the biases pre-built into them - our biases. Thus as a side note, the AI threats are quite misplaced and that means the possibilities we should focus on are the AI augmenting what we already have. Not that AI is our enemy. So go for that self driving car :-)

Not only the brain power, the amazing integration of this compute with our "actions organs" ; for example our hands alone are linked with 200,000 neurons. And each of the neuron has on average 7000 synapses. That is almost one and a half billion synapses or parameters in our tiny hands alone. They might seem tiny but if you draw them in proportion to the surface area of our cortex dedicated to each of the sense or work organs, hands are in-fact the biggest of all the limbs. You must have seen the picture of famous Homunclus Man


In essence, we are , not only a vastly superior network, we are also a full package. A complete bundle of hardware and software for data collection , optimization , as well as testing the results with continuous feedback and improvements. That said, we are fundamentally designed to explore the physical situation we are in. Which means we have two goals - first , extend our longevity through survival or perpetuating our genes and second to explore and truly understand the reality we are in. The second goal is what gives us our eternal quest for the truth, a constant chase to seek the deeper and deeper layers and to finally know who we are.

Karm Yoga is a way to leverage this sophisticated apparatus to its full potential for the second goal.

Why skills

If you are going to say a potluck party, you do want to carry a home made dish. You pitching in with just one dish, gives you access to the entire table. The knowledge-verse we live in, kinda works on the same pattern. If you bring just one skill to the table, the entire knowledge base is yours to enjoy, of-course, without any obligation. On the other hand, if you only consume, your own conscious will make you feel bad. It doesn't really matter what you bring as long as you put in effort to cook something. Just one appetizer or an entree. In a way, mastering just one skill is the key to all that is there to know. Not only you can share the skill with others and seek information from them in physical world, you actually learn all that is there to learn in the process of mastering something. In a way, process of mastering a skill is more important than the skill itself. As we said in the last section, as we get steadfast on Karm Yoga, even the nature of work doesn't matter. Thus Krishna said ..

Nityam Yazne Pratishtitam

Situate yourself into your Yazna everyday.

Training the beast

Now, in modern day science, there are a number of studies done on the sleep cycle. They say we have four stages of sleep and the third of them being what we call REM sleep. This is the cycle, roughly around two hours that we dream . And one of the theory of the sleep cycle is that at this stage our frontal cortex, which is kind of the boss of the mind, she goes on vacation. So there is nothing there to take inputs from the senses. So pretty much all our senses as well as our work organs are paralysed. This is the time when our mind runs through the things that we enacted in the day and approach them with alternative possibilities. Millions of minor changes to find one that works best. This is the reason when you wake up next day, you are better prepared to take on the tasks. Things appear simpler. Each iteration of Yazna and sleep cycle makes us perfect.

REM sleep is mandatory for our well being. Despite severe competition for survival, evolution has prioritized REM sleep every day. I mean, from survival standpoint, it doesn't appear an intelligent choice to debilitate our bodies even for a moment in a world full of predators. This shows the importance of training our massive neural engine. What appears to be a wrong move is actually an evolutionary advantage. Indulging in actions, is training our mind to unlock the possibilities never known before. In Hathyoga, the mind is known as Sahsrara Chakra, as we said before. The top most Chakra with 1000s of expressions attached to it.

Thus, in a way, karm Yoga is the Yoga of mind. Repeating a set of actions - Karm Yoga is a way to train the mind. It is obvious , if we focus on one specific thing, mind will train easier than if we keep on changing the problem set. On the other hand if we feed the mind with desires of a specific outcome, we are ignoring a huge supercomputer in our heads and rather asking it to do a task of a tiny calculator, that is to find out the probabilities of the outcome that we are chasing. It responds. It tells you exactly what it feels are chances of the outcome that we are chasing. But as we said, in the last chapter, in real world , where our expectations have a substantial degree of separation from the actions, the odds that our mind returns are at best fifty fifty , random . This is what creates the "Doubt" , In Gita we call it Sanshya. We will talk about Sanshaya in detail in the later chapters. Suffice to say here that if we feed out mind with valid data sets, it is an amazing self learning and self healing computer; if we dub it with wrong data, it is what creates mess of doubts in our lives. So much so that we need to use sedatives , drugs , alcohol to put this beast to a temporary rest. In the modern lifestyle, where we have an explosion of distractions and desires, thus, Karm Yoga shows a proven path forward..

That is the reason Krishna said

Na [not] Karmnaam [of righteous action] Anarambhan [the ones that are never initiated] Naishkarmyam [a stage where one is beyond actions - such as Krishna] Purushah [a man] Ashnute [one who achived said stage];

Na [nor] Cha [also] Sannyasnat [one who has renounced everything, towards them] eva [] Siddhim [distinguisable success] Sam-adhigacchti [easily goes towards].

A man doesn't get to the status of "beyond actions" Naishkarmyam without initiating the actions. Even the Sanyasins - Those who have renounced everything; don't attract any distinguishable success.

Tasmat Sarv Gatam Bramha , Nityam Yazne Pratisthitam

Always situate yourself into Yazna and create your own "Unique" skill for the all pervading Bramha - the entirety.

Actions to a unique skill

Repeated iterations of actions Yazna , along with stable Sahsrara - the mind Chakra; lead to what we call the "Skills". Skills are thus a marriage of intelligence and knowledge. Intelligence is what leads us to collect the training data in our respective field or role or you may call it the "purpose". We will talk about the word "Purpose" in a bit because there is a bit of confusion around this word. For now, Knowledge is what our neural engine produces - an optimized efficient way to do the things. This knowledge is something that can't be communicated. Fire can't burn it and air can't dry it because the knowledge itself is not in the realm of the manifested. Everyone has it but it needs to decrypted to enable the skills . Being skillful is a proof that it exists but that doesn't mean we know it inside out. You can feel the presence of this force when you render your skills. But if you continue on this path, with three qualities , Krishna says - Asakta , Muktsanga , Samachara - as a Karm Yogi , this knowledge is accessible. Needless to say, that our machine will produce based on the training data we put in. If we feed it with desires and sensory pleasures, it will create unbreakable bondage. If we feed it with details of actions with three said pre qualifiers, it will fill them up the knowledge. Krishna says ..

Yajna-arthaat [Done for the sake of Yajna] Karmanah [actions] Anyatra [otherwise] Lokah [world] Ayam [this] Karm-Bandhnah [bondage by work];

Tat [For it] Artham [for the sake] Kaunteya [O son of Kunti] Mukt-sangh [liberated from the curse of association] Samachar [same compassion for everyone].

Actions done for the sake of Yazna - the ritual of actions ; are Karmas , rest everything is a bondage to this world. Thus do your actions free from the curse of association and treating everyone with same compassion.

The skill that we thus create is unique to us. We can publish the action list. But only we know how the thing actually works. Someone performing the same set of actions may or may not get the same skills. This is because actions when communicated in a format that someone could grasp , can not be too detailed or else their senses lose interest. Even great visual communication (think "Game of Thrones":-) can only go to a certain level; beyond which there is a scope of individual's interpretation. That's the reason we have multiple interpretations for everything. Even Gita has thousands of interpretations including this one. That space , that exists beyond sensory comprehension, is, where the receiving conscious agent is supposed to fill in their own knowledge --> decrypt a piece of their copy of the [protected] knowledge. As they say, "there is always something to be read between the lines".

In essence skill is uniquely yours because the part of knowledge attached to your skill is uniquely yours. No one can take away the swimming you have learnt . There is no way even for you to communicate how "you" swim. Because after a certain degree of detail, it goes beyond sensory comprehension no matter how much you try to spice it up.. In a way, each one of us have a full copy but each one of, as part of this entire system, have a little piece decrypted uniquely with us. We all collectively, along with all the other manifestations , form the system - Bramha. In essence, if we identify ourselves as part of this entirety, with our little piece and easy access to the rest, we already know what there is to know. If we continue to think ourselves as unique, we can choose to take trillions of years to decrypt the entire knowledge - one skill at a time.

Karm Yoga is thus indulging in actions for all pervading Bramha. Losing your identity and desires staying satiated in the actions that come to you as your role.

There is no Capsule !

You can inspire yourself to get into Yajna for a specific skill by someone performing but you can't learn anything from the communication. Only way you perfect your skill is through practice. There is no "communication capsule" that could transfer the skills. You can't start singing like Elvis by watching thousand youtubes of him. You will need to practice your self. You will need to fill out the configuration of music with your own voice. Filling your own voice at the right notes is what the "Practice" is for. If you seen the popular science fiction Matrix where the knowledge could be transferred through a brain interface, Neo still needs to practice the skills in a simulated matrix. In essence , lessons are NOT skills. Skill is an after effect of your practice and of course the sleep cycles:-) Good or bad. Skill is effortless orchestration of a set of actions - Violin creating the music in your hands , coordinated motion of entire body to enable you skate board , dance , music , code - something that you indulge in with your work organs and give your mind a chance to optimize the routine.

Knowing yourself

Skill is your decrypted knowledge . The process of developing skills is essentially knowing yourself. Lets say you have perfected half marathon - it means you know how your heart rate will peak up in the beginning so you need to pace down. You also know, irrespective of competitors, you need to maintain your speed or else your knees would crack at 8th mile. Practice rounds have trained you what to eat, how much and when to sleep night before the big day. More refined the skill, better is your knowledge about yourself.

If you make every aspect of your life a "skill", the entire routine, you will know a lot about yourself. Such life style is Karm Yoga.


In a way, skill is an automated module that can be played on a press of button to deliver something. For example - if you are a singer, you can sing on demand in any party , The act of singing on a venue is manifestation of your skill. A carpenter manifests wooden artifacts. A mechanic makes a car. In a way, skills are the know hows to configure the resources in a specific way so that they serve a purpose. As you know, resources can be configured in billions of other ways and that is what we refer to as the entropy or the chaos of the system. Holding the resources in a specific configuration so that it serves a purpose is what skill is.

The universe we observe through our senses is nothing but manifestations. Simple to complex. Automated. Interwoven. But they are all "Information". They can only indulge you or inspire you. System provisions them for you based on what action plan you have in mind.

Test - As I said, Karm Yoga is a subtle change. We approach the activities or problems, rightly thinking that our mind is our partner in solving them. But we make a tiny mistake. We expect our partner - that is our mind to navigate us to the most optimum way the very first time . Isn't that too much to ask even for the largest natural intelligence system to respond without any training. And when it fails, we feel as if we are let down, as if we are good for nothing. May be people laughed at us. On the other hand if we feed our mind with desires, it tries to work out the probabilities of the desired events which normally leads to doubts; what Gita calls Sanshya but will get to it later.

Let us approach one activity in a completely different way. And if you don't want people to laugh at you, feel free to keep it a secret.

Choose one fairly complex activity - may be a complex dish you wanted to cook. Or a difficult run say 5 K assuming you have never run before. Or a song you thought you could never sing. Anything. A coding challenge, a writing goal, speaking in a new language ; whatever you feel like fun. Now do this activity for one month just for your mind. Think that you are doing these actions for no apparent "purpose". You are just supplying data to your mind. Devote 30 minutes everyday. And try to see the improvements you make. Key is, don't attach any expectation of outcome. You are NOT trying to become the best chef. Or trying to win a marathon. You are dedicating these 30 minutes just for your mind. There is no weight loss goal. You are betting on wasting these 30 minutes to give your partner a chance. Hopefully, your brain will do you a favor. You will be pleasantly surprised how your work organs improve on the routine. Make sure to not let desires creep back in.

Even if doesn't work out the way you wanted , you will at least have fun for thirty minutes daily :-) ..Feel free to keep a log. See how the things you need to enable you accomplish this drill automatically show up. Try to measure how the system Bramha is trying to help you out ..


Before we close this section, let us try to demystify the word "purpose". Most commonly we attach purpose to a state. An accomplishment. An outcome. And we continuously seek the outcome. It could an altruistic , a moral goal , a higher purpose but nevertheless, it is still a desire of a specific outcome in the near future. Such an indulgence into practice or Yazna is what we call Sakaam Yazna. It is not bad to be passionate about something but Gita says it is not a preferred way to realize the peace or knowledge.

Now think of "Purpose" as a complete focus on what actions we are supposed to do - the righteous actions. The actions that matter in our current situation. Situation in terms of our location, circumstances where ever we are. A change in vantage from "where we should be? " to "where we are?". In other words a true appreciation of our physical reality. And even more of the actions that we need to take up in this current situation to indulge our mind into training so as to find an optimum solution, a path forward.

Millions of choices have already been exercised for us to be where we are. In terms of physical and mental capabilities. In terms of our location , access, education. We can't deny that we are where we are because destiny has brought us here. In this state , how we are going to seek the environment to provide data to our mind. What can we train your mind into and help decrypt a piece of knowledge for the all pervading Bramha. This little piece is our key to be a part of much bigger system. In essence, we can find purpose wherever we are.

Now, lot of people say seek and don't settle down till we find our purpose. This is not entirely wrong. They are probably talking about the quest we must go through before we understand that desires are quite misplaced. And the solution is seeking the pleasure in actions. Such actions can be selfish. And obviously their results are short lived. If we don't want to short sell ourselves, the key is to approach actions with three pre qualifiers - Asakta detached from the outcomes, Muktsanga - free from the curse of association. And Samachara - Equanimity , treating everyone with same compassion.

In any case, either you we are driven by intense focus on a specific out come, or we have an absolute focus of the nature of our actions , Krishna says , actions are any day better than "inaction" .. Because, even if it is not very exciting , or say we are dispassionate about the current situation , a universal purpose has brought us here . And it is here in this current reality that we have the keys to open the door with Karm Yoga. Krishna says ..

Niytam [prescribed or pre decided] Kuru [do] Karma [actions in performance of duties] Tvam [you] , Karma [actions] jyayah [better] hi [certainly] Akarmanah [inaction];

Sharira [body] Yatra [journey] Api [even] Cha [also] Te [your] , Na [never] Prasiddhyet [something acceptatble because it is popularly agreed upon by all] Akarmanah [inaction].

Perform your prescribed or pre decided duties for such actions are certainly better than inaction. Even for maintenance of your physical body, "inaction" is not a popular choice


Let us say you are building a jigsaw puzzle. A huge one. There are thousands of little pieces. Even bigger number of edges that must fit with each other to finally shape up the puzzle. It feels almost impossible that someone can put it together. The only information that you have is; it will finally become a beautiful picture of you - you and your fiance. All the pieces are sitting there in a big poly pack on your dining table and you are too busy to look at them. Why would someone gift you a puzzle on your engagement. You wonder and curse the soul of your cousin who came up with this idea. You already kinda know your fiance is the last person who will help you put this together. You still talked to him casually but you know he would rather spend time on video games !

Finally, one day , almost a month after your engagement ; when things sobered up in your mind, you got done with all the exciting stuff , and the chores; you took the challenge up - alone. No one there to help you. Your family is bunch of jokers who can't even put a picture in a frame. You can't imagine them coming to your rescue. Only thing you know is "it will become a beautiful picture" and it is going to take many days. Many many iterations. It is a process - It is a Yajna.

First day you spread the pieces on the table. Wondering where to start! Luckily the pieces for your big glasses showed up. It was just a coincidence that the first thing you saw was your eyes. That day you looked for every single piece that can fit together to make your eyes. And the thick glasses on them. You must have turned five hundred blocks to get the eyes together. It was love of labor. You drank two beers to keep you going that evening.

Next day, while brewing your coffee, you were automatically pulled to the dining table. May be I can fit another piece ..Luck favoured , the lips showed up. It is as if someone is helping you inside.


The picture on the jigsaw puzzle is the information you received with the puzzle that was sitting on your dining table. You toiled for ten days to decrypt the knowledge. But you didn't decrypt the picture ! What you decrypted is the skill to put the puzzles together. That is the knowledge you gained out of this Yajna. This knowledge will help you put any other jigsaw together faster than me.

In the process you manifested a beautiful picture of you and your fiance - from a disorderly poly bag to a nicely spread one on the dining table. It looks so good on the table that your mom took a picture and posted it on Facebook. Every guest who shows up at the dining table to eat their meals , marvel at the picture rather than the wine. Lost in their food and wine , they have no clue how it was done. All they know is a picture, that was broken into many pieces can be put together if someone spends time. Exactly the same information that you knew before you started your jigsaw puzzle. Only thing is this form is more way more inspiring than the one you started with . That was a challenge. This is an inspiration. We will see down the line how information mutates ; for now let us focus on the manifestation ..

A yajna is thus the process of making the information more palatable. Information stays the same. Knowledge still remains encrypted in the final manifestation. People can consume the information but it mutates based on their respective motivations.

A manifestation is important because unless you manifest , you wouldn't know if the part of the knowledge that you intended to decrypt is fully done or not. Manifestation is a proof that you decryped some knowledge. Something that you can't commnicate but it does inspire people or throws them a challenge or could even create fear. It all depends on the receiver of the information.

I hope this metaphore helps in differentiating knowledge , manifestation and information. These are fundamental concepts of Yajna. Gita says your goal is to decrypt the knowledge. Manifestaion is just a proof of completion of your Yajna. As for information, manifestation itself is a communication, you don't need to spend any time on it because you have no idea how the information motivates the receiver. A seeker will always find the relevant information - and they already have THE GOOGLE :-)

Why knowledge is cryptic

Encrypted doesn't mean it is hidden. It is right there but it takes much larger effort to understand it. Our senses can not prioritize enough time to understand every single detail. Effectively, if someone wants to learn from your experience , they will need to go through all the ten days worth of effort themselves to understand what you learnt ; even then their learning will be different. Thus it is more useful to consume the manifestation (with our senses) and be inspired from it to do something that you intend to learn.

In other words - you can take the mesh as a template, but you will need to fill up every cell with your own knowledge. For example this book is information. If you read this, it will only create a structure in your mind. You will need to fill in this structure with your own Yajna.

Information Reception.

Let is continue with the "Book" metaphore ...

You don't need to publish the book on Amazon, the moment you wrote the book, that book itself is the communication that you have decrypted "writing" as a skill. In a way its brochure for sensory consumption (manifestation) got registered in the universally distributed block chain. Any seeker conscious agent can check it out. This is the primal registry of all the information. It keeps a record of all the manifestations. As the new and better manifestations come in , the older ones are rendered useless. They are purged or go into cold data store. No one any way wants buy old cameras any more cuz you have GoPro Hero now.

In a way, communication is for one who is truly seeking. Push notifications are pretty much a waste of time - rather distractions. If you look at Google's home page - it is just a blank white page with a single dialog box. It asks you what you are looking for. It does shorten your time to reach where you wanted to be but it is only as good as your quest. Facebook feed takes it to a new level. It tries to predict what you should look at. In a way you outsourced your quest to Facebook. Good or bad ? is upto you. If you think you don't even know what you are looking for , Facebook a good way to waste the only currecy you got - your time.

In essence, spending too much time in making your manifestation "visually appealing" or "easily searchable", is the time taken away from the Yajna - without much benefit. Because the seeker will find your manifestation if it worth. Non seekers will never even look at it no matter how many times it shows up on their feed. Even if they glance or swipe at it , they will receive a mutatated version. They will always see your creation through a colored glass.

Your intent to manifest was to complete your Yajna. If you are lost in getting the clicks then you are anyway attaching the desires that will lead to the "pain - happy" cycles.


Yajna is thus the process of decrypting a piece of [protected] knowledge. Converting it it into a skill and then manifesting something more inspiring than what you consumed.

You get four things out of Yajna.

  • A piece of decrypted knowledge that stays only with you.
  • An artifact for sensory consumption. For your own self or other conscious agents.
  • Peace for you as long as you are consumed in the actions. Even if you didn't want to do it in the beginning , as you indulge in the actions , the peace starts flowing in. You lose sense of time.
  • Help - Your practice pulls you in. As if someone is holding your hand. Giving you the clues. Game has help built into it. As you cross one bridge, your sight automatically clears up for the next. After few rounds, you don't need to look at the manual anymore. You kinda start knowing what is the next thing.

Sakaam Yajna

You can choose to attach a favorable outcome with your manifestation. Means you can make a wish that the book you wrote, will sell a million copies. It has nothing to do with your book. If there are a million seekers, you will feel happy. If there is no taker, you will curse Amazon:-) Means cycles of pain and happiness.

If you want your manifestation (book in this case) to be successful, you will put in more effort in it but you will also carefully withhold something so that it doesn't become a sensory overload. Which means most of your focus shifts to the configuration that is best consumed. Is it a live performance - e.g a book reading or it is an audible ? What is the best price ? What "information" you put on the cover ? . Effectively you are spending more and more time in decorating information than the knowledge that you are unlocking. More effort you spend on improving the consumability , more you are raising your expectations. A million copies , ten million clicks ... Not only you are spending less time on actual content (practice), you are raising your own bar of happiness. Result can be a huge elation or big despair - beyond your control. BTW there is nothing wrong if you are into it to play the game but know that it is a game with random results as soon as the outcome expectations go beyond a certain degree of separation from the work you been doing.

The bigger the expectations, less likely they are to manifest. Effectively what you learn from such Yajnas is what "Not to do" or make you action less. Whereas if you went in with a low or no bar, you will always be in for the actions.

Nishkaam Yajna

If you choose to attach no outcome with your manifestation - you wont even publish it on Amazon. You wrote the book. You gained the knowledge . You got the writing skills. You manifested the book just to confirm the skill and complete your Yajna. That is it. By the act of writing , you already registered the communication that a book exists. You have no further expectations. Means you are at peace.

Most of the chores that we do on daily basis are a type of Nishkaam Yajna. You don't publish you mopped the floors or fed the dogs. We may not want to indulge in them but we know doing them always gives us peace. Service is a Nihkaam Yajna .

Wasted Effort

The sensory inputs that we consume in are good, if they inspire you to get into your own Yajna. If you are just consuming for pleasure or if you are adjusting your actions (not Yajna) , to seek a pleasurable outcome (Jackpot) - Gita calls it "Wasted Effort" - `Vyartha Cheshta". Wasted effort not only wastes your time, it increases the bondage with sensory reality. And thus leads to cycles of pain and happiness. Mostly pains because happiness is normally attached to one specific outcome - wherever possible outcomes are very many more.

Nishkaam Yajna Is the way to peace. We will see how and why down the line .

Chapter 3.0

In addition to actions, Gita also suggests a ritualistic approach to thinking - `Dhayan`. This ritual deals with two faculties of the mind - `Mana` - the curious consumer of information ; and `Chitta` - the elegant designer of the action plan.


Information is something that can be consumed by the senses. Something that could be communicated or literally speaking - something that could be "Informed". When conscious agents try to consume information, they get a narrative (README) and the manifestation. When you buy a car , you get , well a car and a manual. The manual may give you a little idea as to what could be the internals of the car ; but trust me, you wont even be able to change the fluids. I may go to the extent that manual alone can't even teach you how to fill up the gas. Driving the car is whole lot different conversation.

In a way manifestation is a woven mesh in which knowledge is held. The consumer can only get the mesh, she needs to fill it up with her own decrypted knowledge. Other way to look at it is that information is the configuration of the apparatus in which knowledge is held.

Information can be personified

The very idea that information can be perceived by senses; means that senses should be able to interact with it as an entity. We will talk about the development of interface and tools to consume the information down the line. Suffice to know here that our senses are pretty similar to a key board, a mouse or a track pad.

Information is verifiable.

It should also be able to withstand reconfirmation tests by senses. For example you hear something and then see it to reconfirm. Imagine a situation that you heard a dog but when you turned the eyes you see , you see a lion standing there. What a glitch ..

Just like weather you navigate through touch interface or a mouse , you should land up at the same page if you pressed the right buttons. If touch interface takes you to a different place, then information is broken.

Information can be misleading.

Since the primary purpose of information is to make it palatable to consumers. Lesser details help . As Steve Jobs used to say - "It just works" -:) No manual needed. No readme. But as the interface improves, the consumer will have absolutely no idea of the underlying knowledge. Which means that the information is totally detached from the knowledge. A billion people can use iPhone without even knowing the coding language the iOS uses. Or the chips and electronics below the shining interface. In case of iPhone, the purpose may be good (debatable) but this means that information can be a trap.

Information is Mutable

As they say, beauty lies in the eyes of beholder, manifestations can mean different things to different observers. Some one can be inspired to learn driving from the car. Other person can use it as a status symbol - a Ferrari is lot more than a driving machine. Thus the information changes based on who is observing. This is what I mean when I say information is mutable.

Republicans can view a policy very differently from democrats. They can both think that an article favors their respective point of view. I think there was a study done that says Stephen Colbert is as popular among republicans as he is with the democrats. Both see him as rooting for their cause ..

This mutability, makes information less reliable. Other than inspiration, it has very little value. In fact, it can be counterproductive to base your decisions on information. They should be based on solid practice based knowledge.

Information is Extensible

Continuing with our metaphor of the car; it has an engine, gear box, fuel tank and thousands of other underlying manifestations. Each created with the rigor of engineering and technology through a vast array of practice. Each holds very specific knowledge from thermodynamics to motion. But the consumer of the "car" could care less.

Each small piece of decrypted knowledge kinda fits at a specific place in a three dimensional mesh to create the manifestation. There are no hooks so to say. There is no frame. Just as in the example in previous chapter, the shape of a jigsaw piece itself acts as the frame and the hook. It is thus easy to visualize the manifestation as mesh. A network. This network by definition can be connected with other networks because there are open ports where pieces from other networks could fit in. Millions of them to create complex manifestations. As this three dimensional mesh becomes more complex , more beautiful , more palatable it becomes more and more difficult to decrypt the knowledge. In other words, knowledge becomes hards to crack - more encrypted. Instagram is such manifestation. Aeroplane is another.

Language is the best example of extensibility of information. Each word holds a tiny piece of knowledge - built over thousands of years of collective rigor but we use language to form the sentences on the fly. We write paragraphs - to communicate different things with the same set of words. With a little rigor of our own, we can write books - The help manuals , the traps as well as the route to Exit - Gita.

Language is such a powerful use case of "Information" that we normally consider the manifestations of language itself ( spoken or written) as the information. The truth is, everything that we can consume with senses - cars, aeroplanes , mountains , wind , sand - everything is information. The only thing that we can't perceive with senses is the "Knowledge" - that revels itself in the actions - one tiny bit at a time.

Dhyana - Ritual of thinking

The process of separating the right information from the wrong is called Dhyana - The Ritual of thinking. Dhayana is a tedious process that is the reason , there are two faculties of mind dedicated to Dhayana. Tedious because information is cheap , there is always an overload of information and second , as we saw above , information is mutable and extensible- it can mean different things in different contexts. Killing an enemy in a war is an honorable task. Same task in civilian life is a punishable offence.

Two faculties of mind to enable Dhayana.

We will dive deep on these when we talk about the "Conscious Agent" . Suffice to know here that - Mana drives the curiosity. And Chitta drives the intelligence. Before we get there - let us first look at Intelligence and Curiosity ..


Curiosity is the fundamental design element of a concious agent. This is the way we "Seek" the manifestations to inspire us to initiate our own `Yajna` - Seeking a specific outcome `Sakaam Yajna` or Seeking exit `Nishkaam Yajna`. If there is no curiosity, there is no conciousness.

Fickle Mind

Curiosity is some times confused with the fickle mind. Gita also says Mana ati Chanchal. Means the Mana - The internal construct to drive curiosity is very fickle in nature. While curiosity is the fundamental design ; fickleness is NOT.

Fickleness arises out the fact that manifestations can be disguising. By design, information can misguide.

Let us break this down with an example - We all use Google and I personally love it. When Google got manifested, the motivation was to "Organize world's information. It came into being with intense efforts of thousands of developers. The thing worked. It was as good as it gets. Along the way, someone saw an opportunity to monetize the fundamental nature of seeking. We search.

Along came a totally new industry - The Data economy. The very first application of the idea was to serve people advertisements based on what they are seeking and charge the advertisers for number of clicks. No one had any problem with it. We all know where it finally led to . Google now can literally make or break a product just by tweaking the search algos. They can alter the elections. They wield immense power in shaping our day to day reality. We can argue that Google is after all a corporation; they need to make money to pay the bills. The point here is NOT to prove Google is evil. The point is simply that our tendency to seek (without doubt) can make us gullible. Just like the fish who simply seek the net . Not doubting ever for a moment that the net is in place to capture them. It is jail to restrict their ability to swim - and to act together in a school ..

Thus the fickleness is an evolutionary after-effect of the "nets". The information being used as "Traps". We dwindle with in "Yes" or "NO". Good for my survival or not. Good for my growth or NO. Stock will go up or Not ? S/he will like me ?


The skill to control the fickleness without sacrificing curiosity is called Manan. Just like any other skill Manan can not be an accident. It needs to developed through a concious practice Yajna .

One who is conquered the fickleness Sanshya ; is the true Seeker. Such a seeker is fearless - just like the fish but unlike them she is NOT gullible. Their search turns into Quest. A well thought through search plan. Like a detective.

No one can gravitate towards Nishkaam Yajna without first removing the fickleness Sanshya . Thus having stable faculty Mana is a prerequisite.

Nishkaam Karm Yoga

At the same time Nishkaam Karyoga can help remove Sanshya .

Another way to look at "fickleness" is to see it's rise as the degree of separation of expected outcome. For example if you are digging your backyard in expectation of finding hidden gold ; your mind dwells at every single dig. What if you were digging just for the heck of digging ?Would you still fluctuate ? In a way "desires" turn our mana into a pendulum. We swing in all directions . Our time goes in speculating what if scenarios instead of being focused on the "action".

Thus Nishkaam Karyoga eliminates Sanshaya from the very root.

[TEST] - This is a great tool to find if you are on the path of Nishkaam . You can easily see your fickleness if there exists one. You will notice that you are most fickle about the things you deeply desire. Taking these ficklenesses Sanshyas to their bed rest is most important aspect of Manan .. Particularly if you want to pursue the path of Nishkaam Karma.


Fickleness can also lead to worries - Chinta. This is a state where Mana is over stimulated such that it renders Chitta - our ability to act through intelligence nonoperational. People who worry a lot, need Manan to calm down their Mana. Let us check out the Chitta in more details in next chapter.


No one can force minimalism on someone else. We become minimalist when we don't want to waste time on unnecessary jargon. Or we want to focus our life a specific skill. In a way it is removing fickleness. The more things we have, the more is the noise.

Manan plays a big role in your path to minimalism. A fickle mind is like a shaking hand holding the knife of intelligence. You keep cutting the wrong aspects of your life. Those things crop back no matter what you do. You need to be beyond doubt to certain degree to be able to give up things for good.

Value Seeker.

We can apply the stable Mana to seek greater value for your actions. More effective Yajna

Back to Gita

Arjuna asks Krishna - Hey Krishna - controlling the desires (and thus senses) is very difficult. How can one achieve such ?

Krishna responds with a smile; he says - Senses can easily be controlled by Mana

Arjuna further asks with bigger improbability - How can you you control Mana? It is fickle by nature!

Krishna says - you can control mana with Buddhi - intelligence.

Let us check out intelligence ..


In the previous chapters we learnt that Yajna is the process to repeat the actions such that we can improve the efficiency of practice. We reorganize the actions, we iterate over what is the best way to perform a routine. In a way we are creating a network of threads to hold the knowledge such that it starts making sense to us. The process is iterative. The thing that drives this reconfiguration of the apparatus is called Budhi - The intelligence.


Let us go back to the jigsaw puzzle to make it little more clear. Every iteration on the puzzle is nothing but review what you have already built, then see the ports that are available to add the pieces and then try out different pieces to fit in to say one single port. In the beginning, you may need to try every single piece out there to fit into that one single port but soon you realize that you are looking for part of the picture. If the piece is building the nose, you can quickly discard all other body parts. You simply try the pieces that kinda look like the nose. Gradually you become more and more "INTELLIGENT" at pattern recognition. In a way practice drives your intelligence and intelligence drives your practice. The picture you are thus creating is a manifestation. The knowledge - unique to you, is the skill you have gathered to quickly choose the piece. And Intelligence is the physical structure that holds the knowledge - in this case the "mesh" of neurons in your brain that coordinates your eyes to seek the right piece, and moves your hands to pick the right piece.

Stable Mana

You might have seen people solving a Rubik's cube in matter of seconds. Pre-requisite to solving a Rubik's cube or the jigsaw puzzle is your Mana needs to be stable. You can't afford distractions. Once Mana is stable, Chitta - the faculty of conscious agent that drives intelligence - starts it's play. "Seeking" instigates you to get into Practice . Regular practice decrypts a block of knowledge that fits into a set of neurons - Just like the jigsaw puzzle on the dining table - there is a constant jigsaw being made in your mind through seeking , practice and intelligence.

What decides how much knowledge to be kept in how many neurons ? What is the shape of the mesh ?

The best metaphor that is available to me is that of block chain mining . It is bit involved but if you pay attention it will nicely decipher intelligence, knowledge and manifestation while you might pick up something new about crypto mining too - a bonus! If you hate computers and tech talk - feel free to skip this next passage though I promise , I will keep it simple :-).

A distributed block chain with in our minds .

If you are not living in a cave, you probably know a bitcoin is worth 60 K US Dollars. That is a lot of money. If you do, I am sure you have wondered how a bit "BTC" is manifested ? Yes it is manifested !

A Block

Thanks to media hype, I guess everyone knows that a block is a set of transactions distributed across millions of computers. For the naive - a transaction is a simple text statement that I gave you fifty dollars. You in turn gave 25 out of that to say Krishna and rest you kept safe for Arjuna :-) . A sequence of blocks thus is a ledger and it is called "universal ledger" because it is distributed globally. Let us not worry about the mechanisms to test the authenticity of transactions. We are NOT learning the bit coin technology here. It is just the very basics to drive home a metaphor - at a risk that metaphor might become more complex than the theory itself :-) ..nothing wrong in trying though ..

A Miner

A miner is a person with bunch of computers that keeps a copy of all the blocks that are there from the beginning of the universe - Yes, each block chain is a universe. And there is not one miner. There are thousands of them. You can start mining bitcoins if you want instead of reading Gita :-) . I bet you will make loads of money.

Since there are many many miners, they must have a mechanism to ascertain that each of them have a true copy of the entire chain. This is done through a simple cryptographic function say SHA 256 (there are many other algorithms, SHA 256 is among the most popular ones) . The way SHA 256 is designed is it gives you a 256 characters long gibberish for any text that you feed into it. You can give it a simple one liner say "Pray the lord" or entire national library - it will always give you a unique 256 character long code - commonly called a "hash".

The beauty of this "hash" is that it would always be same for a given input. But it will change randomly if you made even a tiny change. So if every block has a SHA 256 code , all the miners need to do is match the hashes of the chain without having to go through the transactions. If all the hashes in an entire chain on my machine match with that of yours, that means we have a true copy - simple.

The Consensus

Let us say there are a million miners, all of them agree on the chain but one. The system will adopt the chain that has most consensus. Means the one with a different hash (SHA 256 code) would be forced to agree with the rest.

The system ensures that older the hash (of a block) , more difficult it is to change because if an older hash is changed, that means all the succeeding hashes need to changed on the computers of a million miners. Which is quite impossible. It does so through a simple trick, when you are finding the hash for a set of transactions in a block, you are also asked to add the hash of previous block into the input. This means if I change the transactions in a block mined say a week back, all the succeeding hashes will become different on the chain on my computer. When other million miners will see my one off chain , they will force me to adopt the "one truth".

In a way, consensus is the truth , and thus it drives the history. Just one true history. If all of us agree that Trump was first president of the USA then yes , he was the first president of USA. Consensus rules but it is almost impossible to have Mr Trump as first POTUS because Mr Washington is too old. Too many history books have been written. It is all over the web. Probably alien civilizations too received the messages by now ... Older the history books , harder they are to change. One reason - change is always NEW. But we digressed.. let us get back to our first metaphor - I hate metaphors with in metaphors :-) Nested metaphors !

New kid on the block

The question is how a new block is added on these million miners ? That is all I am striving here to talk about - that is actually our metaphor.

New transactions are happening all the time. You just bought a Tesla with a bitcoin :-) I guess Elon stopped accepting the BTCs (for Teslas) but I am sure he will come around. Even without major main street acceptance, thousands of transactions are happening every minute. Coin base has over 20 million subscribers. They are wasting their hard earned dollars in exchange of phony money :-)

So all these transactions are going to every miner in a memory pool. Some of them might miss few cuz of the network latency but network and its speed is pretty reliable these days ( particularly in China) where most of the mining is anyway happening. Plus missing a transaction doesn't matter because every miner can make a block with fewer transactions if they want. The remaining transactions can go in the next block. This is one of the key feature of block chain technology that makes it so much analogous to our "Practice" . You need not decrypt the entire knowledge in one shot. You can choose which song to practice today. Others can be done later as long as your goal is to learn singing. If you are working hard to get an album out, then in that case your choices may get limited.

Long story short - The goal of the miners is to find the hash of the block so that it could be added to the chain. But finding the SHA 264 hash is a split second action even for an old computer such as the one I am typing on. Then what is the big deal ?

Here is the catch - every block chain can define certain rules . It can say (for example) that I allow you to add a small text to the block such that first four characters of thus produced hash are zeros. Now this is a huge piece of computation because of the random nature of hashing algorithm. Effectively a miner is now needed to hit and try with different texts till they find a hash with first four characters individually equal to zero. As we know, the hashes are random. They change drastically with a minor change in text ; thus finding this new hash is difficult - it needs "intelligence" and "Effort".

This small permitted change in the block's input text (the transactions plus the hash of previous block) is called "Nonce". It is stored separately along with new hash - the one that starts with first four characters as zero.

Proof of work

Now we are talking Gita. Every miner needs to find the "nonce" such that say first four characters of the hash are zeros. The compute power they spend on finding the nonce (which means the electricity they burn) is the proof of work. As soon as a miner finds the "nonce" and the hash, they can broadcast to the rest and claim to be the first. The first one is awarded a bitcoin and a service fee based on the transactions with in the block . The service fee drives the miners to have as many transactions as possible in a block .


The most important thing is how this broadcast works. I mean how do I announce to the world that I am the first to crack the nonce and hash. Should I put it on you tube ? or tweet about it ? What is the fastest way ?

The fastest was is already baked in the design of the block chain. All I need to do is add the block to my block chain. Any new addition automatically gets distributed to all the miners. The miners check if my hashes are valid. Means they will add the nonce to the block and do a split second SHA 264 test. If the resultant hash matches with the one I am supplying - the one with first four zeros; they will accept me the winner of the game.

So what is going on here ? Why did you tell this whole story full of tech jargon ...

Here is the answer ..

The mining compute and the software is the INTELLIGENCE. The hash represent the transactions - they are the KNOWLEDGE of the block. The knowledge and the intelligence working together manifested a "BITCOIN" ..but wait , not until you provide "Proof of the work" - the "nonce"

Let us focus back on the intelligence ..

As we said there are a million miners. And mining is going on from many years. You can fairly assume that the software for mining is pretty standard now. And software is actually very simple - all you need to do is add a nonce to the block of transactions and find the hash such that first four characters are zero. Okay, there are some techniques to improve the pattern matching but since most of the software is open source, these techniques are not unique to any one ..

Then what drives the win - means who gets the bitcoin ? Simply - a person with most compute power - means more INTELLIGENCE. In our example , more compute means I can run the hash finding algos in parallel in many threads over many machines. If I start different threads with different starting value of "nonce" , I obviously stand a better chance on cracking the code.

Thus "better organised" and stable intelligence is pre requisite for a "quicker" manifestation.. That leads us into automation ..


"Better organized" is the keyword when it comes to intelligence.

So Yajna is a process to create a consumable (for self and others) configuration that can hold the decrypted knowledge. When we run ritual what comes out is the code for manifestation [we will talk about the visualization in next chapter] . Intelligence is our ability to build better and better configurations to hold more and more complex decrypted knowledge as quickly as possible. The goal is to make it seem like effort less through better organization. The song that Elvis sings, the cube that you solved in less than 30 seconds. And your newly minted bitcoin - In a way "Intelligence" leads to automation.

If Yajna is some sort of furnace - you burn Budhi to decrypt the knowledge into a manifestation. And then make it repeatable, and Automated.

Knowledge lies in History

As we saw in case of Block chain - the knowledge is in the ledger. The complete history of all the blocks - means entire set of transactions. If you think of Yajna as a git repository that tracks all the changes you are making ( to code and configuration) , the change log carries the history as to what changes were needed from say initiation of your Half marathon Journey, to a successful one. In essence , the commit history (along with rationale as to why you made those changes) is the "Knowledge". Think of each commit as a practice session of Yajna wherein you ran the code and made a small change. The with the final updated branch is the "Information". There is no way to completely document the rationale for each commit, even if you do that , reading and understanding it would be more taxing than building your own new fork to improve an aspect or do something as an add on.


What is knowledge to Karmyoga, intelligence is to Chintan. It is the process to use intelligence (with stable curiosity- seeking) to decide the scope, structure and shape of manifestation of your Yajna. It is to break down your practice sessions into digestible modules and then review them to implement improvements.

Thus Manan and Chintan are the essential parts of Yajna.

Karmic Cycle inside a Yajna

Long before you get ready for Yajna , your curiosity scans all the manifestations. It consumes information for pleasure and survival. In fact survival itself is pleasure. Fickle curiosity stays consumed in sensory pleasures . It goes through cycles of pleasures and pains till the you resolve that pain is far greater probability than happiness. Then you invoke your "Intelligence" to initiate your Yajna and seek knowledge - to embrace everlasting peace.

Dhyana - Manan

At this stage Mana takes over the senses and seeks the manifestations that can inspire it to get into Yajna. Its own manifestation. The scanning process of this consumption is called Manan - Basically you are curiously seeking the best template to initiate your action - Is it Music , is it coding , or can you do something that no one has done before ?

Actions routine

Once you see the template that excites you - you start tracking information. From a single git repo or from multiple. You start some action but soon you realize that you need a better design. Nothing works the way you had envisaged. Knowledge lacks.

Dhyana - Chintan

You use your intelligence to plan a change - in code , in configuration , the way you are singing , the way you are hitting the ball .. This review of failure of last run and effort to increase success in the next is again consumption of information. This new information will change the mesh. You are now ready to run again till you decipher the first block of knowledge. A nice fit - tight and snug. But this new piece of knowledge can change the previous structure. It can alter the entire plan.

The cycle continues till your intelligence has created just the right synapses in the brain ..Or made a new commit in your code such that many pieces of knowledge have come together to form a stable mesh. A module has formed. New pieces of knowledge , again have the potential to throw everything under the bus. That is the reason , Yajna is iterative.

Dhyana is part of Yajna. Gradually the Manan keeps reducing. Actions get better and better automated . Chintan becomes more and more elaborate. So much so that the damn thing doesn't fit in your brain anymore .. You wish you never started writing the book. A small post is so much better covering a smaller experiment. Why take up the scope of book. Book anyway is because a long post couldn't fit everything that you want to say. In fact long post happened because each paragraph must have a unique piece of your knowledge but you needed to say lot more. You wanted to build a better design for others to fill in their knowledge as well.

At some point Chintan becomes too taxing for intelligence. You are spending more time in design than in the coding itself. Yajna stalls. At this point Intelligence splits the mesh - It could be a new para in a long post or a new chapter in the book.

Intelligence wants to make sure it creates the best possible structure for knowledge to fill in. Better the structure - better automated is the skill.

Intelligence and Nishkaam Yajna

It might sound reasonable to imagine that if you are striving for Nishkam Yajna - No focus on outcomes; then you probably don't need intelligence. Nothing can be farther from the truth . Chintan and Nishkam Yajna go hand in hand. Both are complimentary NOT competitors. Krishna spells this very eloquently defining the different stages of intelligence - Budhi

lack of Intelligence

Krishna says, when we are under the influence of sensory consumption with the fickle mind Chanchal Mana calling the shots ; we have no intelligence. Such a being is called Budhiheena.

Rise of Intelligence

As you start understanding the difference between peace and pleasures and are able to compute that pains have far greater probability, you first indulge in Sakaam Yajna - Ritual of actions targeted to a specific outcome. Such intelligence is called Vyvsayatmika Budhi. This is Is a stage where your you want to avail peace but you are opportunist. You compute the cost benefit.

Stable Intelligence

Finally , you reach a stage where action and peace is all that matters. You are beyond the cycles of happiness and pains. Every aspect of your life is a Yajna done for the sake of actions. Such a person is called Sthit Prajna - means whose intelligence is stable.

Trance Samadhi

What if you don't want any manifestation. You can shut off all your senses. Start observing the consistent rhythmic actions your [protected] knowledge is driving - eg breathing, heart pumping . You are just observing. Not practicing. Or you are practicing only observation. It might appear to an untrained eye that such a state is total lack of actions - ie no peace , but when such actions are taken up by a Sthit Prajna - person with stable Mana and stable Chitta , such an act is a timeless nothingness. This is a state of consummated rest where happiness , pain and even peace is secondary. It is called samadhi. It is cycles of Manan and Chintan without any actions. A play of stable seeking and stable intelligence. In a way, actions - through everlasting peace on account of knowledge - help your intelligence and curiosity to get stable. A point comes when both are so balanced that you don't need actions any more.

Thus Samadhi is the final or near final stage of Karm Yoga.

Back to Gita

Continuing the conversation from last section -

Krishna had said that Senses can be controlled with Mana , Mana can be put on a path with Budhi. How then we control the intelligence ? Asked Arjuna

Krishna said - Only knowledge (Atma) controls the intelligence.

Let us see how knowledge and intelligence interplay .

Chapter 4.0

Intelligence and knowledge are at dance with each other. Yajna is iterative process to weave the mesh such that the knowledge is caught into it and is forced to manifest. Each iteration of Karma in Yajna is a progressive refinement of the mesh , of the structure to enable the capture. The manifestation happens instantaneously as soon as the mesh is just right. The bitcoin just shows up. There is a tipping point - as soon as the intelligence and action reaches that point , the things manifest rather quickly .. almost instantaneously. But remember , for each bitcoin reward, there are thousands of miners running millions of computers and each computer running hundreds of parallel threads to speculate the "nonce" ; yet only one gets to crack the hash.

The Interplay

It doesn't mean that knowledge and intelligence are not working in unsuccessful trials. They are always at play , no matter manifestation happens or not. It is unfortunate that in our outcomes driven world, we seem to attach success only with the manifestations, that too with those that appear similar or close to expected outcomes. It is because a manifestation is easy comparison with an expected outcome. Both being easily perceptible to senses. We tend to forget that our "expected outcomes" are as fickle as the fickle mind itself. Thus it is futile to chase the outcomes or be overtly sensitive to manifestations. Manifestations are just a signal to close your current ritual and move on to the next. The knowledge and peace is held in the "Actions". And that is what Gita ascribes us chase.

Prakriti and Purusha

This play of intelligence and knowledge is referred to as play of Prakriti and Purusha.

Prakriti being the intelligence that creates the structure like a mother and Purusha being the knowledge that enables manifestation in the structure. Keep in mind, the manifestation is the final copy. If someone takes that final copy , they are only taking the information. The knowledge is locked in the commits running up to the final version.

Information is only useful to others if they want to do something with it - say inspire themselves to initiate a new Yajna.

The cycle of Manifestations

Let us say you want to write a book. After "ritual of thinking" you zeroed on Yajna as a book that will blow everyone's mind :-). As soon as you start the writing process, you realize typing at a good speed is of paramount importance. That leads to choosing a right editor - In my case it is Vim, you might want a more "feature full" editing tool since your book is going to be the New York Times best seller of all times. So you need to invest effort in deciding your writing environment. Editor alone is not sufficient, you also need a web server to check how your book looks like on the web - on a traditional laptop and of course the smart(er) devices. And finally, you need to decide if you are Mac guy or Windows player ? Or you can live in a bare bone Linux environment. Obviously you prefer Mac for you have no time to spend on figuring out the entire tool chain , even then , there are many skills to be built before you actually start cracking the book.

Now imagine someone wants to turn your best seller into a full blown motion picture. Her requirements of skills are even more ..

The point I am driving to is , we all work in an ecosystem ; It is almost impossible to finesse just one skill. No matter how granular you go, there is always a bunch of things happening together.

In essence, manifestation is never a single cell of the mesh. The manifestation spreads over many cells. Millions of them. This also means that it is hard to get an entry. Every time you want to do something, there is more to be done first. By the time you meet the prerequisites , the motivation for the original goal is gone. You start looking for something new.

As you get to the door, you are asked to meet certain prerequisites and by the time you go figure the pre-work; the door itself vanishes. Does it sound like a maze ?

A maze is a jail in which inmates don't even know they are incarcerated. This is the cycle of manifestation. We get caught in the mesh - like the fish , like the spider caught in its own web.

The fundamental question.

It may sound obvious, yet let us take a moment to understand what is a jail ! A fish , by nature, swims in the free flowing river .. okay , it can swim in a pond too :-) The point is , it has freedom to go wherever it wants to go. Once it is caught in the net, she loses the freedom of free motion. There is no exit. The fundamental question is - Do we have an exit ?

This was the basic question I asked in the chapter 1.2 ; Isn't this life a maze. Does the game ever stop? Do I have a choice to exit the game without death ? That is assuming there is no thing like reincarnation. Let us reason as to what did the fish lose ? Did it lose it's motion ? Or did she lose her ability to Act ? Isn't jail is something that takes away your freedom of action ? It renders you "Action less" .

If jail is something that took away my freedom to act ; then bringing the actions back in (in a focused gradual manner) must be the exit ! Sounds reasonable ?

Five bugs

Gita says the exit is in Karm Yoga - The focused action with an unwavering mind , with all the intelligence that you have - Yajna. I know one fish can't break the net ; but if all of them , the thousands caught in a net, act together - can they crack the net ? Can birds fly away with the trap ? Can cattle scare away a lion ? May be yes - but then aren't we alone ? Or are we thousands of fish caught together in a net. We will get to it in the nature of consciousness. For now, let us quickly look around the net we are caught in.

Gita makes it simple - It says there are five fundamental bugs - that are essential for us to survive in the open waters but also they are the trap.. They are the ones that turn this beautiful "INTERPLAY" of knowledge and intelligence into a maze holding our minds in sabotage thereby devoiding our ability to act ..

Desires - Kama

Desires guide our senses to involve in the manifestations. Get inspired to start our own manifestation. So far so good. But every desire is a double edged sword because it comes with a notion of favorable outcome. If the outcome is what we desired - then we are happy; else we are sad. As the expected outcomes distance themselves from the actions (degree of separation) ; the probability of expected outcomes reduces to random results. Means you have no control on the outcomes.

Krishna said -

Karmanye Vaadhikarste ; Ma Faleshu Kadachana|

It means you only own the actions , the fruits of your actions (outcomes) are never in your control . Thus focus on outcomes is good as long as they inspire us to act. Why ? Because we reasoned above that freedom of actions is essentially breaking the jail .

If we are hell bent on the expectations , we are already caught in the trap. By relinquishing the "Desires" - Gita wants us to nip the evil in the bud. What if we didn't ?

Anger - Krodha

If we caught in expected outcomes , if things don't happen the way we wanted - the reaction is "anger". You know pain leads to anger. Why me ? I did every thing right - why it happened to me ( or why what I wanted didn't happen). You worked hard but you didn't get to the school of your choice and the other girl got in because her mom had a connection. Not fair , system is rigged. Every time I buy a stock it goes down. I am a loser. I can't lose weight. I don't look good. I .......

If you ever heard yourself saying above such remarkable things - anger is already brewing in. BTW , I get angry if I don't get my morning coffee :-) .

Gita says - Anger kills your intelligence. This means you lost the essential tools to initiate your Yajna. Focused actions is lost on you. Means you are in jail till your anger subsides. What if you are angry all the time ? Do you think you have the ability for righteous actions ?

Greed - Lobha

Other side of the story is not good either. If things happened the way you wanted - there is a trap here too :-) . Now you want to cumulate more of such things. Yup you invested in Tesla and it rose 10x . Now you want more of Tesla. You are also searching for other scrips that will 10x like Tesla. Your eyes are now dug into your number - your net worth. All you care is the number .. This is not about money alone ; it is there with clothes that make you look good. With gadgets , with apps , with things you do or you don't do , how you roll , how you move ... Greed is in built into the happiness. Addictions take it to a new level - we want to feel the dopamine . More of the same happy feeling .. More recognition , more wealth , more success ..more of everything till we bloat ourselves to death .

While things are necessary for survival, you know every time you add a new smart(er) device; you need to take time to maintain it. Even if it "just works" , it constantly commands your attention. And the killer thing is - it also gives you pleasure. Time is the only currency you have . The more you cumulate the nickles and the dimes , more real money (time) you are losing. The time that you could spend in your ritual of actions - to set you free from the jail

Delusion - Moha

Let us say, you know how to manage the anger and greed. You have played the game enough times to know that pains and happiness are transitory. You still believe in the outcomes and you are strong enough to act within all the mess going around. You are spending a lot of time in your outcomes driven actions - Sakaam Yajna. And you are getting good at it. That app you were building is looking nice. The half marathon is coming along well and you are losing weight. The business you are building. The children you are raring ; - with all your efforts and dedication - you are working harder than ever . Seems like anger and greed is a thing of past . The path looks easy henceforth . Is it ?

There is one more bug to sway you from your path - You start taking pride in your manifestation . You look at it and draw pleasure (not peace) out of the work you are doing. The things you are making. You think they are the best .

Quite the opposite of this - you are too scared. You don't think your work is worth a penny. You are afraid that people will laugh at you. You think am I right in spending so much time on this worthless piece of work I am doing .

In either case - Moha sways your intelligence. It wields such tacit power that it can make you turn away from the door.

Matrix - Maya

Finally we are on the final bug and no , we are not talking about the movie Matrix. Machines will rise later :-) let us first fix our little Yajna.

In colloquial Hindi , Maya means money but it stands for the "System" - the system built by us humans. Our system is designed to expand collaboration to ensure survival and physical well being. We achieve this through specialization and monetization of skills. Essentially each one of us is a tiny part - a brick in the wall. In a way we are trying to avert the "survival of the fittest" through a systemic change wherein entire human race acts as a giant singular machine. There are many good things - we have roads, water , sanitation , education, health care and democracies - but the system does carry with in all the bugs - the greed , the anger and most of all jealousy - a race to do better in terms of information we possess. More clothes , more cars and more of everything. Not only that, having lived our entire life with the help of and with in this system , we have lost the capacity to be an independent individual.

Let us say, you also nailed the delusions. You see your work as the others see it. You see the truth. Neither too elated nor too shy. Your Yajna is one of many. Most people do such things all the time. Your Prajna is stable. You are what Gita calls Sthit Prajna. Trust me you have walked long. You have covered most of the distance. In such a case, your actions are already tending towards Nishkam Yajna. What if your ritual is stalled by the system ?

It happens all the time. You were building a great culture at your organization and suddenly you were fired. Financial crisis happens. Pandemics happen. These things are totally beyond our control. Even if you hedge against the eventual collapse or kinks in the system , accidents , calamities are part and parcel of our existence. What you do when you seem to have no control on your fate , your routine? You lost your Nishkaam Yajna. What a waste. You are resigned to fate. Nothing works.

As we talked above; the acts we do are always part of a larger ecosystem. There are trillions of things going at the same time. One such thing can derail your plans. Should we call it fate ? Or we call it Maya - the matrix. Nothing is beyond Maya !

So is there really an exit that your could control ? Gita says - yes there is one ..

Nishkaam Yajna is one ritual that you are doing. Very focused. Very careful - not letting desires to creep in. Maintaining equanimity between anger and delusions. Yes it can be derailed by Matrix . But what if everything you do is a Nishkaam Yajna. Means your entire lifestyle is action oriented. It doesn't matter if you lost the job because you can still walk the dogs with same focus on your actions. You lost a loved one but you can still love everyone around without expecting anything in return. - This state of mind is Karm Yoga. And this is a sure way to beat the Maya. Matrix can't dwindle a Nishkaam Karm Yogi.

Controlling the Matrix

If you think about it , Matrix is the final test but it also is a teacher. It is the one that moves you from the one who hosts Nishkaam Yajna to a Nishkaam lifestyle. Now Matrix itself is your training gear. It is your gym. It is your instructor. It throws you challenges and you win some , you lose others. Every time you have a new piece of knowledge decrypted. Krishna says that there is no way to seek exit by running away from the Maya. You got to live with in it and learn to play with it ..

Thus Karm Yoga is about changing the approach to life. Always observant of your righteous actions. Always focused on actions rather than outcomes. Always on top of your fickle mind. Always sharp intelligence. Always eager to act. Always detached from sensory pleasures. Always in peace. Thus Karm Yoga is a blessing of bliss. The Maya acts on command of a Karm Yogi. It is as if the boat has taken control of the sea , the waves and the winds. It shows up when you sing. It comes out in every move you make. It is the state worth striving for. It is a desire worth having. And as we said earlier, as we get stable in Karm Yoga, even that last desire vanishes. The illusion of jail is broken. You are the master of the maze. All the doors are open at once .. Exit or not - is your choice !

Mood Profiles

Till we become a Karmyogi the "Matrix" ; holds us tight . With in that , based on our motivations, state of Mana and Chitta , actions or lack thereof , we are in a dynamic ocean. It becomes hard to know our own state ..

Krishna to rescue again - we can test our state with some simple mood profiles. Krishna says - there are primarily three mood profiles. Conscious agents continuously swing from one to another. Not only that, these profiles , when mixed like colors , can create a multitude of shades.

Let us quickly check out the profiles. Ascertaining our profile is a tool in our hands to beat the "Matrix"


As we noted in the last section, everything is dynamic in the "Matrix". It is hard to get an entry into the `Yajna` . Even if you somehow secure a path inside , it is all the more difficult to stay steadfast and not start chasing something else. Knowledge of your mood profile `Guna` ; can help you ascertain if you are susceptible to the "Matrix". ## Sattva

Sattva is a state when knowledge flows into your Yajna. You are eager to perform Nishkaam Karma. A state of pious calmness prevails. Your intelligence is stable, so is your curiosity. Your actions quickly decrypt the knowledge and thus the manifestation inspires others. For example - you enjoy creative pursuits and voluntary services. You breed goodwill. You feel you are one with the universe and you can get the things done with relative ease.


This the profile of a fighter. Your Mana wants to swing, but you hold it down with force. So is your intelligence. The actions are not natural but you nevertheless do them because you know you must practice. The manifestation is hard and is ridden with bugs . You are worried of the consequences of failure. But you know your goal. Knowledge is hard to crack. Everything is a fight but at the same time you have reason or rage to take on the fight. This mood profile is called Rajas Guna.


This is a mood when you don't want to indulge in Yajna at all. You want to consume your way into sensory pleasures. Your curiosity takes you to extreme traps and your fickle mind doesn't let your intelligence to even play its role. In other words, you consume and bloat.

Dynamism of Profiles

Every conscious agent goes through these mood swings till she is steadfast at Karm Yoga. That is because Matrix is stronger than we give it credit for. The key is to start identifying your mood profiles - may be you have Sattva rising high in the early morning. That is when you want to perform your Yajna.

Effect of food we eat

Gita is very particular about the food we eat for the right intake is crucial to getting to the mood you want. Fresh food , fruits and fresh milk helps to attain Satvik mood. Spicy, bitter, too hot or too cold foods raise the Rajasa. Stale food, alcohol and eating at wrong times give rise to Tamsa.

In fact the foods you crave for can give you an indication as to what is your current mood profile.

Beyond profiles - Gunateeta

Gita says that the goal of everyone on this path is to stabilize our intelligence (and actions) such that we are beyond these mood swings. Such a person is called Gunateeta - someone who has conquered her moods.


As we saw in the last section , `Gunas` define our mood. Let us now see the effect of these moods on the `Yajna` and thus manifestations thereof.

Wasted Effort

I think it is clear from the last section that a person who is primarily driven by Tamasa can hardly take on Yajna. Such people consume themselves all sorts of information (manifestations) and bloat their way to sleep. Their efforts are driven by the sensory pleasures. They keep changing the slots always in hope for a jackpot with absolutely random chance for favorable outcomes. Gita says such people waste their time and effort without decrypting any knowledge or manifesting anything that could inspire others.

Chasing multiple options

People driven by the Rajas Guna mostly engage in Sakaam Yajna - actions performed to gain a favorable outcome. As we saw before, their intelligence is mostly consumed in cost benefit analysis. They fight the fickle mind and are normally consumed in worries. They work very hard but their work leads to manifestations of inferior value that lack large blocks of knowledge. The reason such people work extra hard is they keep many paths open to chase a spefific outcome. If Yajna is a git repo, these people create a new branch with every new piece of information they consume hoping that one of them will culminate into worldly success or favorable outcome.

Gita says that such people split their intelligence into many branches. Not only they split their intelligence into many branches, they even vigorously advocate their schemes.

Vyavsaytmika Buddhir, Ekeha Kurunandana ; Bhau-shakha Hy Anantas Ch, Buddhayo Vyavasaynam | [2.41]

Krishna says, "Hey Arjun - there is only one resolute intelligence ie Karm Yoga ; Those who are not fixated (on Karm Yoga ) they spread their intelligence into infinite brances.

Real Wealth - Daivy Sampad

Gita says that a Sthit Prajna - one whose curiosity and intelligence is stable, also called Samtva BuddhiYoga , is able to engage in Nishkam Yajna - A ritual of actions where focus is on quality of righteous actions rather than the outcomes. Such people slowly gain what Gita calls Daivy Sampad. With their minds stable and their ability to take righteous actions, such people decrypt large chunks of knowledge. While gaining immense peace through such actions , Nishkaam Karm Yogi attains worldly riches.

A word of caution for the Nishkam Karm Yogies

As the Daivy Sampad grows, people grow a community around you . Such followers aid the Yajna. At the same time , such communities become a matter of deep pride for the Karm Yogies. This is another way Maya - Matrix plays the last trick. If the Yogi's ego starts feasting on such recognition, her fall is imminent.

Daivy Sampad to Master of the consciousness field

The decryption of knowledge has exponential characteristics. Once the Karm Yogi passes a certain threshold, they experience explosion of knowledge. At this stage the intelligence falls apart. The expansion of knowledge is such that there is no intelligence to capture contain it into manifestations. Such an intricate play of knowledge is no more regular Prakriti Purusha interaction. This exchange is called Siva Shakti where Siva represents intense knowledge and Shakti symbolizes extreme intelligence.

Krishna says , if the Karm Yogi stays steadfast on her path , she becomes the Master of the field through above exponential expansion of knowledge . Such a Yogi is called - Khshetrajya. He says that the five bugs that capture senses along with curiosity , intelligence and ego is what creates the consciousness field - Kshetra. One who understands and conquers the five bugs to stabilize their curiosity and intelligence is the "Master of the field".

We have dealt with the five bugs , knowledge and intelligence thus far in the preceding sections ... Let us now look at the "ego" and formation of conciousness in the next ..


Schematic Diagram

At the expense of over-simplification, here is a schematic diagram, just to recap the previous chapters and make room for the things coming up in next chapter. Krishna says - one understands this field through Samttva Buddhi Yoga , also sometimes refrred to as Nyaan Yoga but one must work hard on righteous actions Karm Yoga to get ever lasting peace and finally the exit.

Idam Shariram Konteya, Kshetram Iti Abhidheeyte ; Etad Yo Vetti Tam Prahuh, Kshetra-jna Iti Tad-vidah | [13.2]

This body is known as the field. One he sees it that way, is the knower of the "Field"

Chapter 5.0

Most of the movies you go to watch, you probably already know the end. A good movie however is the one that keeps you guessing and ends with a twist - an unexpected outcome. A movie would be bland if nothing surprising happened. Even a documentary need to have a shade of sensation. A book , an article , a conversation - they all must have something that was previously hidden . Or was purposefully kept secret.

We seek what is hidden.

Internal Strength - Aatmik Shakti

If you been on social media - Reddit in particular where they indulge into deep analysis :-) of the "movies" , they put a "Spoilers Alert" - particularly for the new popular ones to save you from discovering the climax inadvertently. So that you don't miss the excitement of the hidden. What if you go to watch the movie not for the story or the climax but for the craft of making a movie - do you think spoilers will ever hinder you from watching? In fact there are many movies that you re-watch , again and again - why ? Because they take you on a journey. You are now interested to check how they were made ? Who made them , who acted in those movies beyond the top cast and what exactly is being said beyond the obvious story line. The obvious now becomes unimportant - you are seeking a higher purpose , your own interpretation - you see such movies as part of what defines "you" and the beauty is - that part is something you can't express . It can't be communicated. You have started decrypting knowledge out of the movie that you watch again and again - No worries about spoilers. Just the action of watching it again always throws in a new piece of knowledge. A piece of knowledge that was hidden to you thus far.

The question is - How to ascertain what is "open" and what is "not" ? Is there anything that is NOT at all hidden from you ? That you know for sure. That doesn't make you go through a two hours long hustle to reveal itself ? I am sure there are many things. How do you know them ? One obvious answer is "you can do them" . Can you cook something ? Can you write a poem ? Can you breathe ? The solid things - things not left to a chance or hope. You may not be able to communicate everything about them but you know everything that takes to get them done. Repertoire of such activities that you can do on your own is called Aatmik Shakti - Your personal wealth. This wealth is not human specific. It belongs to a system. The system could be a nation, a business , a species. For example anyone can mix sugar in the water but "Coke" does it in a specific way that makes it so addictive. Starbucks has a very specific way to set up coffee shops , America has something unique in the culture that makes it the land of opportunity. In fact, every human too is a complex system.

"Action" - being able to do something, is a living proof of the knowledge. That's is what makes "Actions" and "Knowledge" connected at the hips. In essence knowledge transcends into "Actions". And stays in spaces that are beyond communication - beyond the perception of senses and thus are hidden to the observer.

There are many things that you naturally imbibe from the family, the place you are born or the culture of the work place. Such things add to your Aatmik Shakti without you even knowing them. These things are bucketed under a common term called Samskara

Orientation - Aasakti v/s 'Virakti"

Let us take this argument a bit further for fun sake. What if you say that "watching the thriller" is also an action that you know how to do. You know how to click on Netflix icon. And select a movie to play ( btw selecting a movie on Netflix is arduous just for the sheer number of genres and the huge selection with in each category ). Fair enough. You are a Netflix Expert :-). But then the question might be what do you know about the "Netflix" streaming platform ? Just the clicks to consumption or you want to understand how Netflix is streaming globally to millions of viewers at the same time. Why do they drop all the episodes of a season together in one shot v/s other platforms that make you wait a week .. The point I am making is - being able to use a ready made app or being able to eat a pre cooked meal - in itself is not a skill, it can be a skill if we are trying to decipher the platform , the app , the product - But we digressed .. let us get back to the our movie.

The question then is - what are you watching this movie for - for the story or for the craft ? Are you envisaging a career in production? Are you trying to get some inspiration from the movie you are watching ? Or you may be a critic who is going to write a review . In such case the story doesn't matter. In fact a bad movie too is as much a lesson as a block buster because a bad manifestation teaches you what not to do. Gita says such a person , who is looking at the thing - for what it is worth - objectively and dispassionately - is the one who sees the (hidden) truth and is called a Virakta.

If you are seeking the story then you are consuming the narrative. If it gave you a bigger thrill, it was a good movie, else it was a waste of two hours and you move on to the next best rotten tomato. If you see yourself in this category , then you are opposite of Virakta . Such a person is called Aasakta. Such person is driven by the desire of sensory consumption of manifestations. They are not using the manifestation (in this case) for inspiration. The important idea is that the same visible act could have two exactly opposite orientations attached to it.

The example of a movie or a book is easier to comprehend. You can easily tell if you are seeking inspiration or are you seeking the sensory pleasure. Important thing to know is seekers of inspiration are as eager (or enthusiastic) as the seekers of pleasure. So you can't tell looking at someone else as to what their motivation is. But you sure can tell about yourself. You know what you are looking for .......but what if we made it little harder.

Instead of you watching the movie , if we make you a character in the movie ?

Game vs a Book

A book is essentially a "single player game". A game on the other hand was supposed to be a multi player thing till the video games showed up and now with proliferation of broadband internet, the video games too turned into the multi player games. Nevertheless , for the sake of this metaphor, the game is a "multi player" call of Duty.

A single player game is easy to analyse because you can easily decipher as to what is your motivation and what exactly is your orientation. A multi player game gets bit harder - for one it is more immersive and second it brings number of other emotions - for example competition and recognition - the notion of a win or a loss. Even in a book - try adding a villain. Most of the page-turners that turn your brain inside out are narratives of many many characters. Characters that look life like. A gripping book entangles your brain in such a way that you become a part of the mult-player narrative and you know what a roller coaster it is.

What if the game you are playing is "Reality"?


Competition is the key driver of our modern reality. Competition is exponential by nature. Two people start a game, if it catches on, more and more players join in. Rewards become richer. People start drawing pleasure just by watching other people compete. Why do you think you go watch a soccer game ? I mean if we need to explain the soccer mania to an alien civilization, It will be hard to put in words as to why more than a billion people obsess over bunch of players striving to push a ball into a goal post. What purpose ? Why Nations label their teams with their colors and flags ? These days, younger generation is watching others play even the video games . I was told never to venture into "Twitch" - it is addictive :-)

The point is, once competition start, it grows exponentially. The logic , the purpose and the rationale takes a back seat. Krishna calls it Spriha.

It is hard to understand your own motivations - Aaskti or Virakti even in a simple game ; imagine the plight of player caught into the competition - Spriha. When you are competing, there is no way to control the bugs. Desires, Anger, Greed , Delusions fire up the competition. This is the place for Matrix - Maya to become a score keeper. Matrix tracks your dollars , number of shoes in your closet, ties and fur coats in your ward robe. And yes , the best way to spark a competition with your neighbor is to park a Tesla Model S in your driveway :-)

On the other hand , a Virakta loves to stay in solitude Ekanata. Away from the game . Always lost in the "Actions" and always ever in peace. Such a person is called Udaseen - some one who is not interested to play the exponential game. Who thinks soccer is fun for the players but it is essentially twenty odd youngsters trying to somehow sweat out their excess energy. Nothing more. He takes the narrative for what it is worth. No decorative flowery words. No cheer leading. Krishna says being Udaseen is a pre-requisite for controlling Curiosity Mana and Intelligence Chitta and thus getting to a stage of stable intelligence Buddhiyoga and becoming Sthit Prajna - the stable genius. And this is the only way to enhance your Aatmik Shakti - Internal strength ; because internal strength is gained through practicing what we received from our Samskara - the culture. Not by chasing the sensory fulfillment.

Organization and self governing mash up .

Let us continue with the metaphor of soccer game. I had loved to use the "Cricket" as my analogy but arguably Soccer is bigger than Cricket.

The game was simple. Twenty young players competing to post a ball through a goal and in the process sweating out excess energy. It is good to be fit. Even better to build camaraderie. But what is this multi-billion dollar business around this simple game ? We have clubs buying players, stadiums that can fit thousands of people to watch who incidently pay hefty amounts to grab the front seats , the telecast rights. Can you believe more than a billion people watch the soccer world cup final or for that matter soccer in Olympics. Under the banner of "higher , faster and better" ; we have built a multi billion dollar industry.

Though it is quite a task to explain this massive organization around a "simple" game to an alien ; to us it seems natural. It is in everything - countries , businesses , religions. We take very simple ideas and organize around them to essentially keep us away from the basic game. Ask yourself how many people who run the business of soccer actually play soccer. This is NOT to downplay the people who build stadia. Or the ones who telecast the matches. They have their own organization. The idea is when many games criss cross , build on each other, we create an organized , interdependent, civilized world. In other words we now have a complex self organizing system. In this system , very few actually play the basic game. Most others are consumed in managing or mashing up various games. At this stage, even those who actually play, are at the mercy of the system that we built. They must strive to fulfill the needs of the system instead of enhancing their own internal strength. They must deliver the "outcomes" - Sakaam Yajna becomes the law of the land.

Race - The secondary game.

A point comes when the simple basic game is turned into a gamble. Bookers can gamify anything. Soccer, cricket, stocks , political outcomes - even art. Players in this new game have nothing to do with the underlying game. They have probably never even seen it. In fact most of us with retirement accounts are already playing one such secondary game. We are already investing in equity markets. Most of the investors in the securities market have never built a business let alone taking that business to the public offering. Such people, having lost touch with the underlying basic game, view this new game as religion. They are driven by the "doctrines". They are easily swayed by the desires and are focused on outcomes. They change their slots in hope of jackpots. No one cares as long as the stock price is going up . There is no underlying control , no skill , not even something that you could practice. All a matter of chance no matter how many big mathematical models we may build.

This is not as simple as reading the book now. We are in a game of epic exponent. So much so that underlying Truth and even our motivations are hidden to us. All we care is survival and growth. What we see in macro economic world is in fact the reality of our internal manifestation. Our bodies are one such self organizing system that consists of multitude of basic and secondary games - we call these games our Vrittis - things we do . The building blocks of our perception and behaviour.

Welcome to the "Race".

Unfortunately this race is not between the likes. The race is for the survival and growth. Millions of people survive on Hinduism just like most of us have at least ten percent of our portfolio in Apple. For such people, Hinduism must survive at the expense of any other entity - it doesn't matter if other entity is a country or a business or other so called "religion". Because all of them have the same fundamental architecture. A simple game that went super nova and formed a massive organization and then lost touch with itself. The outcomes of this race are beyond anyone's control and many times it is unclear who is fighting whom ? - Android is better than iOS ; Mac wins Windows ; Tesla v/s the Fossil Fuels ; Dems v/s Pubs; America vs Islam ; Palestine v/s Israel ; China v/s Free Speech ; Cryptos v/s Fiat - The race is endless and we are in a perpetual state of war - Yudha.

Redefining Survival

It is as much at work place as at home and even with in us. Where ever we lose the touch with underlying Truth , Matrix Maya can gamify the exponential expanse and have the players of this secondary game fight for survival endlessly. Survival in the game becomes "REAL" survival. We all know we can live a peaceful life if we minimize our spread and may be move to a low cost habitat say away from the urban centers but we don't. Actually we spend very little effort on physical survival now. Most of our resources and actions are dedicated to the games we bet on ..


The thing about this secondary game (created out of fluff ) is the outcomes are purely random. Bigger the game more random they are. In fact , they say "Cricket" is a game of chance. Means the moment you add more players (even in the basic game), the predictability suffers. You can't predict how the simple game of Soccer would shape up. Even super computers can't guesstimate the outcome. Well yes , you can say Maradona had a hand of God. Good players , place , weather - but you know , best of critics have failed the predictions even in a two players game such as "Chess" . Imagine someone trying to predict the stock market or the elections ..

Krishna says - you can't escape this war - Yudha. But his description of war is little different ..

Frame and Facade

With in any such organization , for example - political - where the new currency is "Control" rather than serving the people ; religious - where most of the constituents are seeking survival rather than truth ; Business - where mission is growth (market cap) rather than innovation ; there are always unorganized constituent who want to seek the underlying game. These Virakta want to see the game for what it is worth. They question the legitimacy of exponential expansion. Such people - though quiet, pose quite a challenge to the stakeholders of secondary market. Such outliers can call a spade a spade. They can reveal the TRUTH that it is just twenty odd youngsters sweating out their excess. Such people must be weeded out because they pose a higher risk than the other external secondary games.

This is the war with in. The rebellion. It again occurs at every level. The best way to control this rebellion is to frame the population in "exit fear" and build a facade of fictitious higher purpose in the secondary market. You have heard the term "walled gardens". Facebook's stated mission is about "connecting people" - facade ; and the exit fear is you will lose touch with your network. As if there was no network before Facebook. As if people were all disconnected. You can find such rosy statements all around secondary markets.

So the clamp is closed. On one side you are driven by desire to survive on the other side you are famed into fear of exit. And to misguide your motivation , you are given a rosy , uplifting slogan. Krishna says this the Bhrama. Maya creates Bhrama in individuals such that they are blinded to their own motivations.

There is no way to physically fight this war because more you "physically" fight , more you are entangled in the game.

This war is with in us though it manifests into everything we are engaged in. It is not about my country or my religion or my technology. It is about two conflicting orientations. One that seeks to see as they are and the other that cares about sensory fulfillment.

The Spin

Now that we a handle on the two basic orientations - one that focuses on the core of the game and seeks to act Virakta and the other that expands the exponential fluff and seeks to survive in it , let us see their impact on the constituents of the system.


These two diagrammatically opposite forces create a spin .. Just like in a Tornado. The warm moist air wants to rise up , the dry cold air wants to go down. A spiral is formed and the whole thing starts spinning. So much so that a tornado can gain speeds up to 200 miles per hour - easily sweeping everything that comes in it's way - homes , cars , fields. Spin is not limited to tornadoes. Every thing spins - the planets , the stars , galaxies and even the black hole. Do we also spin ?

Energy for the actions

We talked about "Knowledge" and "Actions" being tied at the hip. In the hypothesis, we said that [protected] knowledge is the source and energy of all the "Action". Think of this "spin" as the energy that lends the system it's actions holding the knowledge with in it.

Every being has a unique stable spin. This is called the svabhava - the nature of one's own manifestation. Think of it as a sum total of all the internal manifestations such as heart beat to our ability to digest the food. Plus all the things that we get influenced through our Samskara.

Krishna says your Svabhava will anyway force you into your natural actions even if you try to abandon them. Aaskati defocuses you from your Svabhava to the things you are chasing for. Virakti (or Anaskti) brings your focus back so that you can attain your natural equilibrium.


While every God or Deity holds a weapon - say a sword or a hammer in their hands , Krishna's weapon is unique. He sports a Chakra on one of his fingers. Symbolically - it is the spin of the entire universe and when used as a weapon , Krishna can alter the spin of any manifestation. He can hold the spin to have any one drop dead or increase the spin to manifest the ever expanding universe. In essence, Krishna rules the spin. With his blessing, his followers attain their natural spin and indulge in their natural actions Karm Yoga and thus attain the peace.

Hath Yoga

Hath Yoga is a Tantrik practice with it's roots in Hinduism though we find it's variants in Buddhism and pretty much every ancient belief system. Generally speaking, it postulates that there are thousands of Chakras in human body - always spinning and regulating what we do based on our origin and Samskara. Each of these Chakra is represented by a lotus flower with as many petals as the very fundamental "games" - activities or vrittis attached to them. The Chakras are spread across human body but seven of them aligned to the spinal column are the ones that control all the rest. These seven, starting with the Mooladhara at the bottom of the spinal column and Sahsrara at the top of the head , hold the key to a sustained , peaceful deliverance of our purpose based on our Svabhava.

For example the six petals of Swathishthana chakra represent the Vrittis: affection, pitilessness, feeling of all-destructiveness, delusion, disdain, and suspicion. The petals of Manipura Chakra correspond to the Vrittis of spiritual ignorance, thirst, jealousy, treachery, shame, fear, disgust, delusion, foolishness and sadness.

The bottom five Chakras indulge the five elements - Earth, Water, Fire , Air , and Space ; through their respective senses fine tuned to measure the variations of each of the elements. Hath Yoga as a practice - provides the framework of body postures Mudra , breathing techniques Pranayama and chanting of specific sounds Mantras to control these Chakras to enable the energy flow through all your body such that the activities vrittis attached to each of the Chakra attain equilibrium.

Think of above said Vrittis as the fundamental games that are foundation to our consciousness and cumulate into our natural spin speed - the svabhava. The code for all these Vrittis is said to be rooted in respective Chakras while the lowest Chakra Mooladhara holds all the Samskara and the "intelligence" - known as Kundalini. It is depicted as a snake curled up onto itself hiding the knowledge. A Hath Yogi balances the Samskaras and Vrittis by raising the Kundalini to respective Chakra.

Krishna says , " Many sages try to understand Atma - the protected knowledge through Pure Meditation (manan and chintan) or by Tantra . He adds - the easiest way ,however, is to stay stable in mind and intellect and focus on righteous actions that are based on your svabhava because the actionable knowledge and energy for such basic games is already built in to you. He further adds Karm Yoga is thus most effective way to attain peace and is accessible to every one for it's simplicity. That said , Hathyoga does present a very thoughtful model of human consciousness. It will be a good idea quickly walk through this model to appreciate the complexity with in us .


Now that we have basic idea of `Vrittis` - the fundamental games to create the consciousness , let us see how we observe them and how such observations lead to the spin - the basic motion of the universe. Did you notice, other than we humans (and few other conscious species) , every thing else just revolves - spinning around themselves and around something else. Earth rotates around its own axis and then it rotates around the sun. Sun does the same . Moon goes around the same way - around itself and then around the earth. Even the sub atomic particles do the same. Even the quarks - Angular and orbital momentum is the only thing that leads to all the interactions in this manifested universe. But we digress - lets focus our `Senses` on the `Senses` themselves :-)


There are five primary SENSES Indriyas of a conscious agent - HUMAN and most of the four legged animals that roam the earth. Other species may have less or more senses. For example trees have only one sense - that of touch. Irrespective of how many senses and how we define them - the primary purpose of the senses is to consume the information. They are receptors of information and the only way to do this is to engage with the manifestations. As we noted earlier in "Getting Started" that manifestations are nothing but information. The food that you ate in lunch today is nothing but information that you consumed through your senses of taste, smell and sight. You could tell with your sight New York Style Pizza that you ate this afternoon is different from the Domino's regular thin crust one and it just smelled great. And of course it melted in your mouth .. This information - received through three senses - creates a visual - a placeholder for the Pizza in our mind - Such a visual is called Dhriti. Pizza is just a trivial example. The idea of Dhriti is our ability to restrain our senses so as to sustain information. Yogies train their senses to stay focused on a specific manifestation. The constant vigil of senses on a specific dhriti (or a group of them) is what forms an opinion - Dhaarna. In reference to Dhayana - if your Dhayana is focused on say Pizza - the idea that New York Pizza just dissolves in the mouth is a Dhaarna. Dhaarna is very specific to you. I may feel that New York Style Pizza makes a mess on my plate as well as in my mouth.

In essence Vritti is your natural response to a specific sensory observation. Dhriti is your ability to hold your focus on one of (or many) such Vrittis on demand. It is like something saved in memory that can be called to plug in different scenarios. Being able to see how you respond to a situation (before or after) is a very useful tool to help form our opinions - Dharana.

Just like the Vritti - that's is your specific decrypted knowledge of the basic games (natural reactions) - the way you roll - the way you act, Dhritis are basic forms of information blocks that our senses retain even when we are not in touch with the manifestation. Dhritis lead to Dhaarna - a topic of particular interest in Dhyana. Manan is focusing on some topic to evaluate your Dharna v/s other opinions such that you could reason your position v/s others. Where others are coming from ? Once we do that , we lose unnecessary passion for "our" ideas v/s them. In a way we start seeing the things for their worth - An important pre-requisite for Chintan - your design as well as the action plan. Continuing with our Dhyana on the "New York Style Pizza`. If you consider my opinion , you may agree that it does make a mess while it still tastes great in the mouth !

Broadly speaking - Dhritis are the primary control over senses .It is what lends us observation and focus. They are the perceptions that lead to opinions.

A Book vs A Movie

Before we look at the "senses" in detail, there is one more important point to establish - where does the fickle mind comes from - the Chanchal Mana. If you picked up a big book on say quantum mechanics from your library - a somewhat labor intensive topic, you will find ypurself jumping from one chapter to another. You wanna check the bredth and the depth. You even consider if I should really spend time on this ? You basically want to check everything that the book offers before you really get down to serious reading. You might even check the back ground of the authors. The reviews. You move from page five to fifty one and then back to page ten. Gradually the thing start shaping up . It is never sequential. In fact , it is not a bad thing because you have limited time and it makes sense to make sure that it is worth investing on a long read . Fickleness is thus a judicious way to maximize the return on your investments.

A movie has a different delivery. Once you start, you are caught into the audio visual experience. You rarely fiddle with the remote to go forward and back. You can do it but you don't because flipping the scenes in a movie is not as easy as flipping the pages on the book. You take your only shot at the movie and end up forming a "quick opinion" at the end. Either it is good or a waste of time.

Now imagine you are in a game - "Call of Duty" ..every time you play with bunch of friends, the way it happens is always different. More the players , more complex it is to roll back. And there is absolutely no way to move foreward without actually playing the game. How do you ascertain if it was a good use of your time. You must retain the information of important moves to go back over. That's where Dhriti comes in. You have the ability to run the game (or the movie) back in your mind to review your opinions. After the game , if you invest some time in Manan - you might find why others are falling head over heels for the Titanic while you thought it was just a time pass.

In real life, a game that is order or magintude more complex than the "Call of Duty" , Manan is thus the only way to ascertain if your opinions hold water. What if you never take time out to perform a ritualistic rview ? What if you keep taking pictures and never go back to see them ? Do you think you can find the right path ?

Five elements - five senses - five Chakras.

A SENSE explores variations in one unique Tattva - the Element and it is the primary mechanism to invoke a perception for the associated Vrittis - perceptions related to the specific sense. The elements represent Prakriti the "Intelligence". There are five innate elements - Panch Bhoota.

Let us not confuse these ELEMENTS with the chemical elements such as Oxygen or Carbon. The chemical elements are based on number of electrons they have to understand their electro-chemicals properties. The ELEMENTS Bhootas described in Gita is a different way to categorize. Just as we can categorize the population by gender or orientation or by ethnicity or by countries.

Skin (Touch - Sparsha) - Earth

Touch explores variations in the texture of SURFACE. SURFACE is represented by solids and thus by EARTH Prithvi . Earth is the element linked to Chakra of Mooldhara. Beyond obvious perception of touch , it contols four Vrittis

  1. Extreme joy
  2. natural pleasure
  3. delight in controlling passion
  4. blissfulness in concentration.

You have probably seen animals rolling in the mud to express the natural pleausre. On the opposite side of specturm, look at the absolute concentration hunter animals sport before they attack to take their pray down.

Toungue (Taste - Rasa) - Water

Tougue is the only part of the body that can tell the difference in taste. The "taste" is enabled by the liquids Rasaand thus WATER Jala represents its eleement. The water is linked to the second Chakra - known as Swadhisthana. The six petals of this Chakra represent the following modes of consciousness:

  1. affection
  2. pitilessness
  3. feeling of all-destructiveness
  4. delusion
  5. disdain
  6. suspicion.

Svadishtana is often associated with pleasure, sense of oneself, relationships, sensuality and procreation. It is blocked by Guilt. Svadhishthana is also associated with the unconscious and with emotion. It is closely related to the Muladhara in that Muladhara is where the different samskaras (potential Karmas) lie dormant, and Svadhishthana is where these Samskaras find expression. Svadhishthana contains unconscious desires, especially sexual desire. Thus, in addition to sense of taste (the tongue) it is linked with reproduction (the genitals).

Eyes (Vision - `Drishti) - Fire

Eyes explore variations or different shades of LIGHT. Nature produces the medium of light through element -FIRE Agni. In traditional Hathyoga the Chakra for fire is Manipura that comes with the vrittis

  1. spiritual ignorance
  2. thirst
  3. jealousy
  4. treachery
  5. shame
  6. fear
  7. disgust
  8. delusion
  9. foolishness
  10. sadness.

Manipura is considered the center of dynamism, energy, will power and achievement, which radiates prana throughout the entire human body. It is associated with the power of fire and digestion, as well as with the sense of sight and the action of movement. Through meditating on Manipura, one is said to attain the power to save, change or destroy the earth (living soil). Being related to the sense of sight, it is associated with the eyes, and being associated with movement, it is associated with the feet.

NOSE (Smell - Ghrana) - Air

The variations in SMELL ghrana are enabled by the AIR. If there is no AIR there is no smell. The Chakra related to air is Anahta. The vrittis of this Chakra are

  1. asha: wish, desire, hope
  2. chinta: thoughtfulness, anxiety
  3. chesta: effort
  4. mamta: possessiveness, fondness
  5. dhamba: arrogance, vanity
  6. viveka: discrimination
  7. vikalata: languor
  8. ahamkara: conceit, egoism, pride
  9. lolata: covetousness, avarice
  10. kapatata: duplicity, hypocrisy
  11. vitarka: indecision, argumentativeness
  12. anutapa: regret, burning misery

Ears (Hearing - Shravan) - Space

Like two dish antennas, ears are always open to observe the variations in the sound of SPACE. SPACE is the fifth element called Aakasha. The Chakra for space is Vishudha . This chakra is known as the purification center. In its most abstract form, it is associated with higher discrimination and is associated with creativity and self-expression. When Vishuddha is closed, a person undergoes decay and death. Just like ears , when it is open, negative experiences are transformed into wisdom and learning. The success and failure in one's life are said to depend upon the state of this chakra, whether it is polluted or clean. In addition to the element Akasha, or Ether, and the sense of hearing, this Chakra is related to the action of speaking.

So five SENSES of conscious agents to measure variations of the MEDIUMS of five Elements. In other words - five Sensors to calibrate five Fields. The collection of these five fields is CONSCIOUSNESS FIELD. We can't observer anything that's not described by sight , touch , taste, smell or space. This, however, doesn't mean there is nothing beyond our senses. There is whole lot more beyond our sense observable universe.

Sensory overload

With five senses and associated Vrittis and Dhritis , you can imagine the expanse of different profiles we can enjoy to create a dyanmic mood. Hathyoga is a way to control the moods through brute force. Krishna says that it is quite fuitile to try this route because no matter how careful you are, Maya can always play a trick. In essence , Maya doesn't even need to do anything. Trying to control your Vrittis is like walking on the water. What Gita suggests is to just remove focus from the sensory gratifictaion and place it in "Action". He said

Indriyani Parani Ahur, Indriyebhya Param Manah;

Mansas Tu Para Budhir, Yo Buddhe Parastast Tu Sah|

Senses are all powerful but know that stable mind is even more powerful than the senses. Intelligence can tame the mind and knowledge is the one that keeps intelligence in check.

The next question is, are senses only a tool for observation or they do something more than that. I mean if I see a lion in the jungle, I am sure I am going to tell you walking by my side ! Wouldn't you. In fact you might pull out your iPhone X and start making a video (of me negotiating a lion :-) to tell the whole world about the observation your eyes just took. Instagram goes to jungle with us , isn't it ?

Senses as a "Service"

You must have heard "software as a service" .. how about if I say our senses are also a "service". Anyone can subscribe to our senses. That is what communication is all about. We communicate what we sense. With people around us , with people connected to us or people we want to connect with. ..but most importantantly - with our selves. - our "identified self". Just like software as a service, we need to subscribe to the senses. The sensors that we direcrtily subscribe to - means our eyes , our ears ; talk direcly to our Vrittis. Such a communication is a pure communication. Means if you see a lion with your own eyes , you will get a pure invoation of your perception - means you can feel afraid or you can can feel amazed at the majestic lion based on if you saw him in the zoo or the jungle. However , when you hear an observation through someone else, her perceptions and opinions are mixed in the situation. It will take a lot to invoke the primary intended perception in you. Such communication is called impure. All impure communication leads to something Gita says Sang Dosha - The curse of connection.


The idea that "I" can subscribe to your senses gives rise to communication. All animals can communicate but we humans have taken it to the next level. The reason - we want to present communication as pure as we can, means we want to hide our vrittis in the communcation. Thats why we use manifestations to communicate. Language is a manifestation of endless practice we did growing up. We trained our mind and tongue to speak each word correctly, then we trained ourselves to form the sentences and paras . A daily ritual of Actions that we do to date. And then we discovered that we can communicate even better if we make it a story, a narrative. Even better if we make it audio visual. All in pursuit of expressing the reality of our senses. Or hiding the excessive details - "Knowledge".

The real time communication is based on the Vrittis. For example the if you suddenly came across a lion in the jungle - your eyes , skin , ears and tongue all act spontaneously. The secondary communication is only through speech. After you climbed the tree and the lion went his way, you use the speech to tell the story to your friends. Both real time and secondary communications are synchronous. Only difference is real time is rooted in Vrittis while secondary communication comes from the memory - Dhriti. Speech thus acts as a clean up service if you made a mess in the real time communcation for example if you thought the little cat that jumped the bushes was a lion! You can explain what you meant. This is the reason speech attached to throat Chakra and in Sanskrit it is called Vishudhi which literally means "clean-up`. Text is the way to make this spoken word asynchronous. Now of course we can make even speech asynchronous with technology but that is a separate book in itself !

The important thing is all the communications - real time or secondary spoken or even the asynchronous - all are only information. They can only inspire you to act. The knowledge is in your actions.


When we gain expertise, in communication - the manifestation that we are using - spoken word or visual ; becomes a piece of art. A painting of Micheal Angelo can communicate lot more than many written books. And one sher - a verse of gazal ; of Mizra Galib can say more than a lecture on the topic. The cleaner the expression better the artifact.


The purppose of our primary senses was survival. But all the secondary impure communication we get can spoil even our primary senses. It normally leads to fickleness of mind. The fickle mind takes over our intelligence and we start taking pleasure in information consumption . As we noted, our primary senses , in connection with our perceptions can create lot of information , the additional impure communication can lead to absolute noise. The idea of not letting our senses consume any noise is called "Silence". Silence is thus not imited to you speaking . Not listening to others is as much important in silence as your own speech.

The modern augmentations of communication , audio and visual - can absolutely derail our natural rythem . Which means lot higher "spin".

That brings us back to the question - Are we spinning ? just like the earth does . To understand this , let me address the last topic of this chapter ..


Earth is rotating. Around its own axis and around the sun. But we walk on the Earth. Rivers and wind flow in different direction. Do they slow the Earth down ?

The information that our senses gather is too large that the secondary communication should not be able alter our natural rhythm. This rhythem is our Svabhava. We develop it mostly with our own senses. Nurture can play a role but that is very limited. Facebook and Netflix - well I don't know :-)

Manan is the way to weed out external noise through "Silence" and then review our opinions v/s other alternatives. And gradually come down to our Dhritis and Vrittis. So much so that we are able to ascertain our Svabhava.

Krishna says that your Svabhava (or confusions there in due to noise) will anyway force you into actions. Might as well try to remove the confusions and do the actions with veracity.


The important thing is to get to your natural spin and stay there in that state. There is nothing wrong about spinning faster or slower except that such states are transient by design. Today you migh be spinning faster , you probably saw a James Bond Blockbuster and the other day you don't want to get out of your bed. The reason we should stick to our natural spin is that is what is most sustainable and thus that is the place where a long term activity ritual - Yajna is most likely. Even a Yajna taken up for a specific targeted outcome .. If you want to be in eteranl peace ie Karm Yoga wherein your entire lifestyle is Action based , being in your natural spin is kinda a fundamental requirement.

As depicted in the chart above, the three profiles Guna can be easily ascertained by the state of your spin. If you are spinning faster, you are probably trying to achieve more than what you natutally can - Such a state is Rajasa. If you are slowed down and overtaken by the consumption than you are in Tamsa. At your natural spin , when you are ready to indulge in Nishkaam Yajna - that state is referred to as Sattva.

The beauty of the design is such that there is disproportionately higher failure rate - means there are more pains in the worldly interactions to ensure people get back to their natural spin. The things (manifestatations) of lasting value are normally created through Nishkaam Karma. In a way Matrix is a great teacher.

Hath Yoga

A ritualistic practice, where you try to decipher each of the vrittis and try to control it through sustained body postures Mudra and chanting of specific sounds for each of the Chakra. In contrast to what Gita suggest as Karm Yoga , Hath Yoga is hard to accomplish- particularly in these times when we it is anyway hard to focus. The more important thing is even if you nail down Hath Yoga (and for that matter any other Yoga) , you still need to stay in your natural spin and do exactly whatKarm Yogasuggest, that is , to indulge inNishkam Karma` and manifest to attain everlasting peace ; why not do it from the get go.


The idea of reincarnation is pretty simple. The question is will you keep spinning for ever or if there is some rest on the way. What if your apparatus gone very old ?

Think about a computer. You install programs and applications on top of what was already delivered to you by the vendor. What if the camera suddenly stopped working and you have no time to find a fix. First thing you do is reboot. When you reboot, all the software that you installed is still there (hopefully) , may be you lost some work that you didn't save. When you reboot , it generally clears your cache, unless you are expressly decided to open some applications on the start up , all the programs are closed - you are back to your natural state of computer. You still carry millions of lines of code delivered by Apple and you have all the new apps that you installed. And you also have all the pics that you stored - unless you are paying Apple Tax for the iCloud :-) ..


Identifying and understanding your Svabhava is probably the most difficult initiation for someone aspiring to pursue Karm Yoga. It is what is known as Self Discovery. One of the way Gita suggest is to develop a mechanism to see yourself as a third person. Look at yourself from a distance. Such a vision is called Atmoupamyen Drishti . This is a habit that can be cultivated but it is not easy while someone else looking at you can easily describe your motivations. Someone with deeper understanding Tattva Darshi - who can see the things at elemental levels - can easily tell you what your motivations are. Why and how you are spinning. How mundane and may be misplaced our desires are that are causing us to spend unnecessary cycles into wasted effort.

In Hath Yoga such an initiation through a mentor is accomplished by a touch at the two petaled Agya chakra situated at the center of eyes above nose. The two petals represent Duality. Duality is what separates you from the mentor. By way of touching this Chakra , we are stating that we are now one with the mentor and will follow her per the guidance. When we surrender our Actions and Outcomes thereof to the mentor , she is called a Guru. In a way Sun is Guru of Earth and Earth is that of Sun. That is the reason, In Sanskrit , gravity is termed as Gurutvakarshan - continuous pull towards your Guru such that all your motions are dedicated unto her.

This is a good Segway to dwell a little on Duality. Let us see the next chapter ..


Doubt - Sanshaya.

Let us say , you woke up in the middle of the night - in a room with all the windows closed . And no watches or cell phones. You might wonder how is it outside ? Day or night ? The room has hidden the reality outside from you. As long as something is hidden , there needs to be a place for speculation or guesstimate. This place is called "doubt" - Sanshya. Think of doubt as an expression stored in a memory location. We can speculate infinite doubts but we don't. We have doubts when we are aware that something exists in "reality" but we are not sure of the shape or texture or the nature of the real.

Duality and Actions.

Our ability to rationalize different possibilities is what we know as "Reason". With reason we comprehend the shape of "real" and match them to the "real". We are very good at it in the sense we discard most of the fluff. With somewhat developed reasoning, we can come pretty close. Still, we only have a place holder till we act to reconcile the "real" with the placeholder in our mind. Thus with perfect "reason", the best we can have is pair - one that is "Real" and second what we think as "Real". This is the basis of all "Duality". We can not overcome duality till we act and reconcile. Thus "Action" is the easiest way to dispel duality. What if there is no known action to dispel the duality ? This is the basis of all quest - scientific and exploratory. We just want to know what is real. And what if there is no righteous action plan to find the real ? This is source of everlasting pain. In a way- duality keeps us actively engaged with the real even if there is no way to ascertain the "real".

What we know as "Real" is called Sthoola - the physical world and what we perceive or speculate is called Sookshma - the meta physical. No I am not indulging you into the Metaphysics of Philosophy; this is just a plain fact. The "real" observed by our senses and the perceptions that we carry in our mind are two different things. We know it from our experience. What we miss out though is that this duality manifests into every thing we see in the physical world as well as whatever we consider in the meta physical sense. The "left" and the "right"; the day and the night; male and female; are some of the examples from the physical world. Same is true about our perceptions - good or bad; beautiful or ugly; pain or happiness - all these are the constructs of duality. Sanshay is not limited to "two", though that is what commonly appears to be the case. Doubts can have infinite shapes or variations and they are all valid till we apply the "reason" to focus on most probable and act to reconcile. The notable thing is it is possible to stay alive without doubts or reason. Duality is not a mandatory pre requisite for the life to happen. In fact, most of the life springs from the single cellular beings without any duality but it is our ability to imagine that makes our life richly complex but we digressed .. Let us get back to our reality .

Awakening of conciousness

Continuing with our example , "Real" is what exists outside the room. It is hidden to our senses as long as we are confined to our window less room but we know for sure that something exists outside - darkness of the night or broad day light. Our room is not the entire universe. There has to be something beyond the four walls and the roof. What if "something" is hidden in plain sight. They say the best way to hide is to a be part of the crowd. Subtle and unnoticeable. What if "Truth" is so subtle that our senses just ignore it as "unimportant" from survival standpoint. This state of ignorance, where we don't even know of the possibility of something potent is called - Supta - The sleeping state. In other words such a conscious person , though conscious , she is in sleeping state. ll As long as we are involved in actions to match the doubts with our physical "reality", our intelligence is active but unaware of the truth. As soon as the match happens, we get a jolt of happiness or pain based on our expectations. That is all we do most of our time here on this planet. We keep on squishing our doubts. For a rational being , the expectations are same as the most probable (or reasonable) doubt. We kill one doubt and then move on the next . In the process , we can claim to know a thing (or two) but the moment our intelligence breaks free from such actions, all the doubts - noticed or subtle - are available to it to engage. Thus it is necessary to design our next action plan carefully and this is the place where Matrix can sabotage the intelligence. Thus Karm Yoga suggests to limit this window of opportunity for the matrix. Do not procrastinate - DeerghSootri for the doubts love procrastinators. In fact , duality is the breeding ground for matrix. This is not to say that we should give up "reason". We need to use "reason" to design our entire day as one big Yajna to keep both duality and matrix at a bay. We can always stay involved in righteous actions. In such a state we are not even craving for the knowledge. Gita says this is the perfect state of Anasakti. Such a person is called Gunateeta or the one who is beyond the three fangs of matrix - Sattva, Rajsa and Tamsa. For such a person "Actions" are easy and desires don't even crop up - which is quite a different situation v/s weeding the desires out. This is the state of awakening of the conscious agent. Thus consciousness too has two states - sleeping and awakened. Even here we can't get rid or duality :-)

You might ask , why all this grind ? If the knowledge is creator of everything, why create sleeping conscious agents ? Why create duality ? This is difficult to understand with our linear thinking. We will discuss this in more in Eons and Time but suffice to know here that even "knowledge" needs duality to explore itself. Even "Knowledge" is unaware of itself. For example you don't know what you can do till you actually try to do it. In a way "Krishna" needs "Arjuna" as much as "Arjuna" needs "Krishna". In a way, this is the design of this beautiful game. Awakened needs to sleep and sleeping needs to awaken to know the "Truth". Peace is in knowing this and being at ease with this cycle. You are in the sleep cycle so Gita is there to awaken you , when you are awakened and realized the truth there will be something else to put you back in the sleep. This however doesn't mean you should continue your sleep. In fact even that is beyond you. The craving to awaken is as much as the craving to sleep. The knowledge of the rules of the game just make you a better player and one who can take a time out till she is ready to play again. In all , this is a fun game. The one that is exponentially more engrossing than anything you can get at Vegas. In fact , Krishna explains the rules of this game in chapter 13 - the Khestra and the khshetrgya - The field and the player. Worth a read if you can get your hands on Gita. Just to give you a sample, he says in 13.30

When a man sees that the infinity of various beings is abiding in the ONE and is an evolution from the ONE, then he becomes one with Bramha.

Bramha means entirety of our physical and meta physical being. For such a person, entire universe exists in their "room" and the "room" itself is the entire expanse. They do what they are supposed to do without duality, distractions, expectations and the bugs of the matrix with same passion and excitement as a child plays the game of soccer - for the game , not for the trophies.

Faith and Reason

In contrast to common perception of "faith" Gita doesn't volunteer you to believe in Gods or demi Gods. This is a strange coincidence coming from Hindu belief system which is considered land of thousands of deities if not millions. But Gita values faith at the highest order. How is it so ? Gita asks you to have and build faith in yourself. Have faith in your own Atma which is a copy of Avyakta knowledge with in you but the way it describes to build faith in Atma is not by way of worship. It instead asks you to believe in actions such that actions are the only way to unlock this knowledge. Righteous actions done as a ritual. In a way, it asks you to give yourself a chance. Not be swayed in the rat race . Instead build a solid practice of Karma and Yajna to build Internal strength Aatmik Shakti. Once you realize your Aatmik Shakti ; for example you see that you can code or sing or play - it further propels you to adopt Karm Yoga in every aspect of your life to gradually cumulate what it calls Daivy Sampad. Even then it suggests to keep your Godly skills to yourself for you are not free from powers of matrix till you become one with the Knowledge. In the process, having faith in what you do and what you are is of immense importance and it is based on experience and reason.

Faith is NOT opposite of reason. In fact reason leads to Faith. It is another way to dispel the duality. Thus actions under a faith driven system of work are less taxing because we don't need to drain our intelligence to build an action plan. In a way, it also means that there is no window of opportunity for the matrix and desires to creep back in. Krishna says, Nishkaam Karm Yoga is easily accessible to one who believes in it.

What Actions to indulge in ?

A common question that bugs at this stage "what is the righteous action" and most common way "duality" attacks a Karm Yogi is if I am on the right path. The answer is very simple. Your righteous actions are what you are expected to do by the people around you. If you are a coder , you are supposed to code well. If you are singer, you need to attain perfection in singing. If you are a player , you need to improve your game. The focus of a Karm Yogi is never on the rewards of the labour. It is on hitting the daily routine. There are no coffee or smoking breaks for the Karm Yogi. There are no corridor conversations. You might say what about creativity ? Creativity is in the actions not in conversations. This doesn't mean a Karm Yogi doesn't spend time on thinking. Dhyana - Manan and Chintan must be part of daily routine to reflect on what you are doing and how to improve the ritual. Not from rewards standpoint but for improving the craft. Such a Karm Yogi , always dedicated to her righteous actions, always content in her work and always eager to improve her routine is loved by all around them and are highly effective and creative. As such they cross the bounds of duality and see the truth hidden in the plain sight inaccessible to people imagining doubts and chasing expectations . For a Karm Yogi , the difference between Sthoola and Sookshma is always already bridged by the intensity of their righteous actions.

Can "Actions" take us beyond sensory perceptions ?

If a manifestation inspires you , you know that manifestation is the final iteration of the Yajna. You may recall from previous chapters that manifestation itself is information. Information, by design, is something that can be "informed" to the senses. Which means, the broader aspect of knowledge is always hidden (encrypted) in the manifestations. Which means there is always room for speculation and there is a "journey of actions" to reconcile our perceived reality with the underlying knowledge. Since every manifestation has a full copy of knowledge, you can start the journey from anywhere. You can focus on the breeze , the flowing river , the operating system , the app , the smart phone , the dog. Only thing you should not focus on is a "Cat". Because cats are Cats :-) . You get the point - Actions are the only way to dispel the "Doubt" though "faith" makes it easy. It is immaterial if you are building next "Google" or you are mopping the floors. The nature of work is trivial v/s the work itself. So you can set aside at least one doubt - what should I do ? You can do anything - meditation , pranayama , coding , serving - it is the actions that will break you to the "Knowledge" if that is what you are seeking. Consistent actions - without letting the desires open another can of worms - another layer of doubts. As you engage in actions , you basically go beyond the "information", you go beyond what senses can feel. You enter the realm of "Truth". Staying in this new "realm" is Karm Yoga. This is a place where you are without doubts , always engaged with "Truth". But it is a journey. Desires keep coming back and raise the doubts again. You actively identify them and nip them back. Gradually you develop the ability to stay without doubt till you reach a point beyond "duality".

Doubt is inbuilt into every observation (of a manifestation) simply because our senses can't consume the knowledge. Thus we must create a placeholder for the knowledge. A version that we think is the closest representation of the Truth. But that is just the beginning. We then need to create an action plan and indulge in "Actions" as a ritual. And then wait for the "Truth" to grow from a seed to a massive tree. It does. Once you trigger it, it is chain reaction. New branches show up. It starts driving further actions. New leafs , new flowers and new fruits of Karm Yoga.

Inspiration, however, is a double edged sword. You need to be sure that the inspiration is NOT caused by the desires. Just like removing fickleness is essential to stabilize the mind, appreciation and careful analysis of the "doubts" (in relation to the inspirations) is a requirement for stabilising the intelligence. In fact, Yajna is nothing but a trial and error of various doubts selected upon careful reasoning. Let us go back to the baseball - you think you can hit the ball for a home run if you shifted your weight to the front foot while taking a wild swing . You must dispel all the doubts on this strategy. That is the only way to make yourself do it wholeheartedly. Afterwards you may find that it didn't work. And then you choose the next strategy. And so on with the next and the next practice scenario till you actually hit the homerun. And even then you need to repeat it many times over to make sure all the remaining doubts are set aside. Even Truth needs to be practiced ! And that is how you attain the "faith" in yourself.

Faith is NOT a miracle. It is hard work.


As we discussed above, we hold perceptions that we can notice and even more that are subtle - hidden to our senses. For intelligence, these perceptions are a superset of all the actions we can take. The perceptions that we can notice are obviously the first one that we first want to test with actions. Thus our actions are part of a pattern. We identify with this pattern. We are different from dogs, because our repertoire of actions , as a human, are quite different from the dogs. But are all humans same ?

If I can do things similar to you, I can compete with you. I obviously can't compete with Bill Gates. Thus with in humans, there are classes and sub classes . We compete only in our races. If you are singer, you try to be the best singer - better than others who sing. Even with in that , you compete as a pro or an amateur.

Our Identity is the race we compete in. Or with others who have similar action rituals. These races appear broad but as we grow in actions , these become finer and finer. For example, if you are a writer , you might compete as a blogger with others but you won't care about the ones who write long books. If you are you tuber , you wont compete with Netflix.

As our actions become more finely ingrained, we create our own identity. A unique identity such that we are competing with only ourselves. In a way you are beyond competition - Spriha. This stage can is reached only through rigor or actions and faith.

Thus we are NOT humans or animals - we are what we do. All other name sake ids - such as son , father , husband, American or Russian , Black or White , Man or Woman - become insignificant once we find our own Identity. But Id comes with another trait - Ahamkara. Ahamkara rises out of the notion that you are better than the competitors. It reaches the peak when you are able to build your own ID because this is where you are competing to better a version of yourself. You are the king of this narrow streak because no one else does what you do. It is very easy to lose sight on the rigor of your rituals when you reach this stage. Ahmkara in a way is extreme opposite of duality. While duality shakes your confidence, Ahmkara represents extreme case of over confidence. Particularly when this overconfidence flows into every aspect of your life. A Karm Yogi thus must always stay humble - visually as well as internally.


By design we reason first (and most) the extreme situations because such doubts are even easier to comprehend. They are easy placeholders and our focus always shifts to extremes. We wonder about the "Big Bang" and "Big End" . Even in a family the focus is either on the "Youngest" or on the "Oldest". They are the most talked about people. We honour extreme examples of courage and we despise extreme cases of cowardice. Our entire "news" cycle in main and alternative media focuses on the extremes because those stories are sensational. No one ever discusses the daily rigor of growing a kitchen garden :-)

Fear is generated from such unresolved doubts that are generally extreme and least probable but are detrimental to our Identity . ID is the thing you are fighting to keep alive. Survival is all about the ID. Lets say you are a Billionaire, you very well know you can live well without more dollars. But you can't stop. Because what you are striving is not your life, most of your work (actions) are to grow to the top of "the richest" list. Your dietician and fitness trainer and doctors struggle to keep you alive. You only care about more $$s. Because you fear losing your coveted status as number one in that list.

Once fear kicks in, it is almost impossible to go beyond our ID.

Fear is the jail. Once caught, our focus can't get to the Truth of the situation.

Duality as depicted in Hath Yoga

Hath Yoga may seem empirical but it is a useful tool to explain the nature of our reality to one who believes in it. I am not a practitioner but I just marvel at the extensive thinking that must have gone into it. Someone really thought through the entire scheme before coming out with this model.

If you see fig 3 in last chapter, Kundalini represents intelligence and it lies folded (like a snake) in the Mooldhara Chakra. That is where all the Samskara - The basic values , stay dormant. Thus intelligence can easily decrypt the basics to give you what we call your Svabhava - your nature. In normal person, it rises to next Chakra by adolescence . The puberty and setting up the sexual desires. Taking the Kundalini above the second Chakra is difficult. For most people Kundalini stays in bottom two Chakras.

As a representation of duality , Bindu - The focus ( doubtless state) resides in the top Chakra named Sahsrara. Bindu is the kind of a spotlight that naturally follows the observation. In a way, in most of us, the focus follows the Kundalini in lower two chakras. This means we are devoid of unfolding the higher order Vrittis such as compassion, craving for the knowledge. We are always subsumed in the consumption, procreation and pleasures. In essence we resolve the duality of lower order vrittis by bringing our intelligence and focus to the bottom two Chakras.

The goal of Hathyoga is to bring the focus and intelligence to the upper Chakras. We can do it either by forcefully holding our focus on the higher Chakras or forcing our Intelligence upwards. As per Hathyoga Pradeepika - the 101 of Tantra, of these two paths, in the early part of the life, intelligence is too occupied in decrypting the basic values that trying to take it to the top Chakra is futile. Thus, during this time, the focus falls to Manipura - the third Chakra from bottom and burns in digestion which means we are too much focused on food. The leftover focus goes down to Swadhisthana the second Chakra which means intense focus procreation. Thus the book suggests to forcefully hold the focus in higher Chakras in early parts of the life. It suggests various Mudras and Mantras for accomplishing this.

If you fail to hold the focus in head in the first part of life then the second option for you (in later part of the life) is to raise the Kundalini - the intelligence to the top. Having developed your intellect, later part of the life is best suited for this endeavour. Again , Pradeepika provides many Mudras and Mantras for this. The ultimate goal is to get knowledge and intelligence together situated in the head to end the "Duality" of higher order vrittis. For example creativity and self expression is associated with the "throat Chakra". Our creative forces and self expression stays misplaced (duality unresolved) till we bring our focus and intelligence to this chakra. For some people it is a natural phenomenon, but for the rest, this remains in locked state leading to despair. For the later, Hath Yoga presents an organized path to unlock this. Kundalini is said to raised to throat chakra when we set aside all the doubts on how we are want to express ourselves to the world.

Chapter 6.0

The Universal Sanbox.

Imagine this entire universe as an application - the mega application. No , I am NOT suggesting machines have taken over. Skynet is still far away in the future though it is already 2021 :-)

The Ultimate Compute Environment ..

The [protected] knowledge , distributed among trillions of conscious agents, acting in unison creates our "Reality". We can call it the "collective consciousness". When we claim to have done something, most of the work is actually performed by the collective consciousness. It is not hard to grasp but let me use a question to get you to my line of thinking ...

When we code, we spend enormous effort to plan, design, implement various modules, integrate, test and deploy among many other things. We can create something quick and dirty in matter of weeks or months but it takes years to create something worthwhile. However, when we run the program, it works almost instantaneously - Why ? In fact , more effort we put in coding , faster it runs. Same true of any other creative pursuit we undertake. Why does it takes hours to make a good meal but it vanishes into our mouth in no time :-) . Even this book, as simple as this page, took many days to write , but you read it in no time - may be minutes ..

You might say, it takes no time to run the program because it runs on a powerful computer. So what is that underlying computer ? Any random program doesn't work on any computer no matter how powerful. When we write an application , we also define the underlying environment that we need to run our code. For example if it is a Java program, we will need some version of Java Run Time ; if it is Java Script, we will need a Browser to run the code. Things don't stop here, we are required to tell what kind of operating system we need and of course that OS runs on a very specific hardware.

If everything - top to bottom - is exactly as specified, it works almost instantaneously. It automatically spins up an environment, creates the variables , does what it needs to do and exits. Thousands of lines of code are executed every time you are clicking a mouse to change the page on this very book. But it all feels natural. No work seems to be have happened.

Thousands of lines of code working in a predefined environment represent the collective knowledge of all the developers, testers and who ever else is associated with the project.

Let's expand this analogy little more.... Let's say that the application we wrote uses two languages - assume Rust at the back-end and Java Script for the user interface. And let us say that it runs on Debian somewhere in the Google Cloud. Arguably, all the developers of Rust, JavaScript, Debian and Google Cloud are part of your application. Their knowledge is in built into your application. We can further expand to include Intel team as well because the server uses Intel CPUs.. And on and on..

Ultimately you will find that every one in this entire universe played a part in development of our little application.

When Krishna says - I am the doer; it means this collective consciousness does all the work. Our effort is equivalent to the click of the mouse. Some one has already written and tested most of the code; created and spawned the environment for things to happen. And they happen almost instantaneously. But they happen only if we take an action. The environment can't do anything unless we act - be it a click of the mouse to turn the page or to order your favourite samosa soup

Lifting a cup of coffee to our lips must be done by us though the coffee that we are drinking comes to us through a global effort of agriculture, supply chain, logistics, marketing , branding and finally someone at local Starbucks brewed it. Now extend it to the intricate work that nature does in making the seed , the rain , the heat , the soil - all that went into making those beans - No wonder morning brew tastes so good !

So now if you ask me - who made this coffee - I have to say - The ultimate computer that runs this "Reality".

Who is Krishna ?

This collective consciousness is also called Parmatma [super [protected] knowledge]. Krishna is someone who fully understands the inner working of this large distributed and decentralized algorithm. If you think Google knows every thing , then Krishna is like the Google Assistant - only million time better. All we need to do is call him when ever we need help. Being so smart, Krishna knows if our cry for help is real or simply a waste of time. Thus his response might seem bit moody :-) but it works.

Distributed and Federated

The beauty of this knowledge is it is complete and distributed as a full copy. Animals get the same copy as the humans and so does insects. However, getting a full copy doesn't mean everyone can (or must) do everything. We all use this knowledge for a specific purpose. In other words, we decrypt only a tiny part of the knowledge that is of use to us.

In a way, every one has a unique purpose but no one is indispensable.

Karm Yoga enables us to find and fulfill that unique thing that we are here to do . When we see the vastness of the action machine that is working out there to humor our whims and fancies, we start defocusing the outcomes. And we start growing a fascination for the "Actions". It really doesn't matter if your latte was too cold. What really matters is someone made it for you ..


The feeling of appreciation, that is borderline devotion on one side and love for entire system on the other - is called Anuraga.

Krishna says - Anuraga is kind of pre-requisite for getting into karm yoga. He adds , if you can't see beauty in everything that I do, Karm Yoga for you will come with hardships. On the other hand, if you could admire my intricate ways of working, you will easily take on your chores ..

I promised you - it is NOT skynet ..

Who am I ?

Now that you know that Krishna is always there to assist you, you might wanna ask the question. Yes the eternal question that every one seems to be struggling with. Your "curiosity" might force you to check if there are millions of us what is so important about you? You may also wonder who are these coders who are rendering this epic game we know as "Reality" ?

Do you think Krishna will have time to answer your question? More importantly, if you have Anuraga - the deep appreciation of all that is there for you, would you even ask it ? Wouldn't you intuitively know that "YOU" and everything else are "just one" - the Bramha

You are not a part of the machine. You are the machine. This entire universe is just you. The breeze , the trees , the sand , the air , the cars , the computers and the planets , And the black-holes , everything arises from your perceptions. There are no "TWO" , just one. Simply put , it is a single player game - even the computer you are playing on is you.

Now you know Anuraga is another way to end the "duality". If there is no duality, who would you compete with ? What does ID mean ? How can fear exist? But reaching that stage is a journey. That is the end of your coding career. For now you only have the information that spiders are just in your mind - yet , there they are :-) On your toilet wall. It will take little more to let your hands touch their legs. It will take little more to accept the things as they are. Your fingers are still not effortless on the violin. But you know this journey is yours. You got to take the first and then some more baby steps. End of duality is in sight .. Let us build our "Helloworld.gita" -)


First of all congratulations. If you made it thus far, that means

  • You are human.
  • You are curious.
  • You are willing to play your part - means invoke Karm Yoga.

And I promise, this is the most fun HelloWorld you will ever experience. In fact, you are already doing it. Reading this book is HelloWorld. Driving a car is same. Every time you make a choice, you are writing a new HelloWorld in this universal sandbox. With every breath you are invoking entire universe - an instance and you are adding a little piece of your code to it. And then you can test it right in front of you.

You don't need special coding skills. You already have everything that you need. The question really is how big an app you want to create ?

The simple Action's Language

Lets address few simple questions. If I can already write HelloWorld apps, why can't I write the advanced applications? Why doesn't things work exactly the way I want. The answer is simple too. You just need to practice little more. What ever you want is possible right here. You see the magic all around you. Every day! All the things that you use - even the man made things, appear impossible to build in the start. Can you build an spaceship ? Or an aeroplane or even a car ? But someone does. Someone knows how the damn thing works. They may take help from other humans or even deploy machines but someone holds the knowledge - not just information. You can be that person if you choose to. All you need is set of actions that you do on daily basis.

You wouldn't be wrong to ask " why practice ". Why do I need to indulge in actions ?

Why this [protected] knowledge is so cryptic? Why I am not made aware of it right at the birth?

The answer is simple - we are! There is huge piece of "knowledge" that is already revealed to you. You didn't need to do any practice to start breathing at your birth. Your heart started pumping without you having to consciously practice anything. All the basic things for the survival are already there. You need to learn the "Simple Actions Language" only if you want to do something more. If you can be happy with whatever you know or whatever you have, you can really survive as long as you want and enjoy this grand show. The problem is you do want to do something more. Don't you ? And that "something" is also easy enough to get. That too is there with in us. We just need to brush it up. Every skill that is out there; is already known to us. Remember the core design - we all get a full copy of the code. We just need to read the manuals and "practice" a little.

As we saw in last section, this doesn't mean, we are going to to do everything. No ! We will enjoy doing only certain things or a combination thereof - unique to each one of us. And that combination holds the key to [protected] knowledge. Think of it as the last piece of the jigsaw puzzle. That is all you need to plug in to reveal the entire picture. Chances are you are very close to that combination. Your choices thus far have already brought you close to where you wanted to be. You really don't need to go to jungle to discover yourself but detaching yourself from material world wouldn't hurt. Taking some time to engage in some other activity helps .. May be you want to travel the world. May be you want to learn Music.

Taking a break from the rat race, gives you a chance to look at your life from a distance. Remember we talked about looking at yourself as a third person - Atmoupamyen Drishti. Once you know your purpose, things will automagically fall in shape. Learning that skill will be easy and natural. In fact, looking at your life, you will see the pattern that will connect the dots to your purpose. The good news is you have infinite time. As many bodies you want to change you can. You have access to all the resources as long as you are careful not to waste them for there is a penalty too for taking this all for granted.

If you start your music journey with say a Violin, the instructions are only to use the violin so that you could perform practice sessions. The knowledge of Music is not in the instructions , it is hidden in that practice. You can't read your way to become a musician. You must "Practice". Try swimming after reading a book on it :-) It doesn't mean that reading or getting information for what you want to be is bad. The idea is not to get lost in the sea of information.

See this entire Universe as inspiration and tools to enable you realize your purpose. Not the other way around.

Let us break it down further. When you say you want to be a Violinist, you are expressing an "outcome". A certain set of actions can accomplish this outcome. The actions being ...

  • Buy a Violin
  • Allocate two hours daily to learn Violin.
  • Find a good teacher or look up a good lesson series on You Tube.
  • Watch the series first 30 minutes of your allocated time, and memorise the instructions
  • Practice the instructions for an hour and half - the remaining time of your two hours allocation.
  • Repeat this for sixty days.

If you want to do above actions, Universal sandbox provisions the resources that you need. What it can't promise that at the end of sixty days you will be a master of Violin. If that happens, good for you. If it doesn't , too bad.

So at the end of sixty days, if you became world's best Violinist , you will be elated. What if you couldn't crack it ? Music is just isn't in your DNA. You will feel sad ..right? That is because you have attached the notion of pleasure and pain with the outcome. What if your goal was NOT to become a Violinist, you just wanted to play it for sixty days - just for the heck of it. Will you still feel the pleasure or pain ? You just wanted to play it and you played. Look at the children. They just want to play in the evening. No weight loss goal, no fitness mentor. They just want to play .. When did we lose that fun with the actions. Another way to look at it is if you are not getting pleasure in "Actions" , ask if it is worth doing because if you are on the right path to your purpose (and that is a big if), you wouldn't even realize that you are working or "Practicing". Practice itself is the pleasure. If you feel you are forced into things you are doing; there is no way to change. If you feel obligated. Remember, it is a single player game. There is no one getting hurt if you didn't do something. Or there is no one getting peace out of what you are doing. Only you get the peace. Only you suffer through the cycles of pains and happiness if your actions are motivated through a desire. This is your universal sandbox. All the obligations, all the obstacles are as much creation of your mind as the tools and inspirations you have here. In fact, the obstacles and failures are there to get you to your path. The "Pain" too has a purpose for there is nothing in this scheme that exists without a good reason.

Actions need NOT be attached to an outcome. Acting without an outcome in mind is possible. We did it as a child. Most of the animals do it everyday. If you are not getting peace in what you do, then most probably you are suffering yourself in chasing a desire or you don't know your purpose. Either ways, your Yajna is going to be painful. And random outcomes will most likely be a source of pain.

Getting back to our lessons on Violin - if you are too full of yourself, you may ask the question " What did universe do in it ? " I bought the Violin, I read the instructions, I played it .. wait .. you probably missed the previous chapter. You only paid a paper currency for Violin. You will need a PhD in Music theory to make one yourself, even then the chances are you wont be able to build every piece that goes into it. You will sure never be able to make the air that carries the sound from Violin strings to your ears. And I guess you can't make human ears or hands for that matter. All these are there for you, pre-created by the universal sandbox and free to use ..

You got the idea - The language that Universal Sandbox understands is that of "Actions". For example if you want to practice the Violin , the list of actions is easy, but if you want to become a musician , leave alone world's best Violinist - hmm - I don't know how to program that . Another example - if you want to play the roulette in Casino , you got it .. But if you want to hit the million dollar jackpot , I don't know how to convert that into an actions list without knowing how the roulette machine works. In essence the universal computer DOESN'T understand the language of "OUTCOMES". If you want to do something, it is right there. If you want an "outcome" it demands a clear list of actions. If there is a mismatch, you are responsible for your code. But you can always try again , again and again ie practice till you hit the outcome. If you play the roulette a million times, chances are you might figure out how the machine works. Unfortunately there is no ready action list that can exactly tell me how to make you a Musician without lifting the instrument. The universal computer will be greatly benefited if you could figure out one - May be NeuraLink has an answer :-)

Karma and Yajna

The Actions listed above are called Karma. Anythings that you need to do to accomplish a goal are Karma. Doing them for sixty days (in example above) is Yajna. So actions and Practice.

Actions and Outcomes are the key thing to understand. In a simple way, the things that you can do - are actions. By you means "You" with the help of Universal Sandbox. The things that you expect to happen are outcomes. In a way Outcomes can also be called "favourable outcomes". Putting money in a casino slot is an "Action". Hitting a jackpot is an "expectation" (favorable outcome).

Gita says - You only own the Actions. Outcomes are beyond your control

Let us look at the Music example once again. Each of the actions can be further broken down. Lets take the first one for example sake

  • Buy a good Violin
    • Allocate say 1000 dollars for a Violin
    • Check with friends or consult online forums to find which is a good Violin brand and check the price.
    • Go to Music shop to test it
    • Check the price online
    • Order online or pick up from Music shop where ever cheaper
    • Get the delivery.
    • Unwrap the Violin - you may wanna celebrate start of your Music Journey by making an Violin Unwrap-ing video :-)

Gita says - As you indulge in Actions, The Karma gets more and more accurate. It gets more and more granular.

Next time you need to buy a Violin, you already know lots of steps. It will take you lesser time. Next time you pick up the Violin to play, you will not need to see the instructions. Next time - after sixty days - it might sound like Music - No guarantees though :-)

Where does the [protected] knowledge live

When you keep breaking down your actions to finer and more granular details - finally you see the knowledge. Then you see how a particular swipe on the string translates to a specific note - the high , the low . This knowledge can not be written in books. Only Yajna can reveal it. We also call it Smriti because it is something that can only be remembered or experienced. The other part , that can be told is shurti.

When Smriti is revealed on to us, things seem fully automated. In fact, that is what automation is. If we can define the finest of the sub-action in full detail , I guess a robot can easily perform the task. Thus most of the universe seems automated. Rains to seasons; breath to pumping of heart. All of it is hidden under the delusions - Moha. At the end of Gita, Krishna asked Arjuna if he got what he wanted ? He replied back saying

Nashto Moha, Smritir Labdha.

Means all my delusions are now gone and I am one with my Smriti.

Templates and Expectations

Millions of such action lists are already known to us. You don't need to look up a manual to get your heart pumping. A child already knows where to look for milk as soon as she is born. We know that water will quench our thirst. We know we need fresh air to breathe. We already know where to find the food to eat - in the refrigerator , duh :-)

We expect certain things to work - iPhone should just work; car should just work, hot water should .... You know. We expect universe to provision the things as needed. It does as long as it has a Template. A well defined action list - granular enough to act. If the action list is detailed enough, it will provision those things for us. This also means that someone has created those templates.

The problem happens when we are doing something new. Because we are used to templates, we are trained to express our expectations. We got used to talking in terms of "Outcomes". We became consumers of the system, NOT developers. That is fine as long as we want to consume standard big Mac. But if you wanna make your own custom burger - the damn thing doesn't work.

The core conflict is we want our unique thing but we only know expressions of expectations. We don't want to spend time in creating (and practicing) our own action list. There are only two possibilities - we can choose to be a template follower or we can spend time to create our own ..Gita recommends later because that is the path to peace and exit ..

So what is your first "HelloWorld App"

Pick up a thing that you want to do. May be you expect to travel to some place where no man has gone before. Well that is a tough one. Why not grow a kitchen garden in your back yard ? Or foster a dog from the nearby animal shelter !

Write down the actions and check if Universe helps you take those actions. If it didn't , go to next level of actions and keep on breaking down till you get the response .. I am sure Universe is kind. May "Krishna" be with you !


Lets say when you wanna start learning to code, you don't start with designing the libraries. You probably don't even do a "Hello World" application because you haven't yet decided what language to learn. So the first thing developers do is to provide the prospective users (or learners ) with some killer applications. For example, I am writing this book in an app mdbook. This a small beautiful app in popular programming language Rust. Using this app, I am already mulling over exploring Rust. The next step would be to open the help manual and do some quick start tutorials. May be write a "Hello Rust" app. If it sticks, I will read more. And with luck, I might become a Rust developer. Or I might go to some other language that may offer easier onboard because Rust , by design , is a very detailed language. Same goes for the for the "Actions Language" the programming platform of the [protected] knowledge. We are first given templated apps to try out the beauty of this universe. We are given a car to play with it. Start the ignition. Make some choices. Press the paddle and take a ride. If we like it, we can possibly open the hood to check if it runs on gas or on batteries. Fortunately and unfortunately, this platform is very detailed. Millions of more time than any computer language we created. Fortunately because it provides us the experience we have. Fully immersive reality. Unfortunately because it takes times to wrap our minds around it ..

Survival first

"Takes time" means we need to survive till we get some insights . Insights to figure out our purpose and decide on our own Karma and Yajna and understand to program our inner universal app - Atma . That is the reason our brains are tuned primarily for survival, at least in the beginning. In animals, there are not enough neurons to ensure survival and then devote some to learning. Luckily we have enough. In general, we have already figured out survival (though we have put a question mark on the survival of the planet). We have risk free trials on as many cars or gadgets as we want. Unfortunately, in our case, we have so many options that we just get lost in trying out the fun part. We move from one template to another. We rarely get down to our own "Hello World" . The options that are given to us to exhibit the power of this design, turn into a trap. It is something like using Linux. When you start the first time, you wonder why there are so many text editors ! There are roughly four thousand different Linux distributions, each with its on combination of desktop and windows manager. Yes - you can change the entire look and feel of your operating system. And yes , you can launch your own distribution. While this multiplicity of choices is hard to navigate but it does allow us to fine tune what exactly we want to do. In the end this is what makes it exciting. Life is fun and finding our own zing is even more. Life is fun and finding our own zing is even more.

Okay, we get it. We understand that these options are a good starting point, then why aren't we told to move on to write something of our own when we grow up - say turn eighteen. The answer is - we are. As soon as we are sure of survival, we do want to do something unique. Something inside us drives us nuts to create our own identity. We want a unique Instagram profile. We want to look good. We want to be recognized. As said in last chapter ; we only need to resolve "Outcomes" from "Actions". That is where Gita fits in ; but let us continue on the engagement model first ..


Not only time (and basic survival skills) , we are also given curiosity. When we are born, we are made curious to search for milk for mother's milk is the first thing we need to kick start this machine. The curiosity is in built. In addition to curiosity, every aspect of the engagement is filled with pleasures. Just to keep us hooked. When we get hungry - food is a big pleasure. Water is even bigger pleasure to the thirsty. Not even talk about chilled beer :-) Even defecation is pleasurable. Talk to someone who is constipated. And then we are given the biggest pleasures of all - you guessed it - love and sex. All these just to give us a glimpse of how powerful is this language because all these pleasures need us to "act". There is nothing that can give us pleasure without doing something - except for the Netflix : - except for the Netflix :-) . So here we are with our fun filled actions language. It is definitely as good as Rust or Go :-) and is sure older than C :-) ..Don't you agree? Running , gardening, playing with the dogs, writing - all are so full of pleasures. And all these are available to us for free. Turns out most of the things where we act are kinda free even in dollar terms. No one asks yoy to pay if you wanna swim in the ocean. On the other hand, most of the things that make us sit on our backs cost a lot - well fifteen bucks for the Netflix a month. Another ten for Amazon prime to get the things shipped to your door. Isn't it crazy ? Things that takes away all the action based pleasure also cost us - at least in dollars. Another good reason to indulge in activities. I would rather tend a dog shelter than watching the movies . Wouldn't you ?

The Cost of the playground

What happens if billions of us keep asking for more and more pleasurable constructs without contributing back? The system is obligated to provide us all that we want to figure out our "Hello World" . In fact it provides to all the animals and all the species who don't even have the capacity to learn or contribute. They don't even have dollars ! But they sure do have a purpose in this vast construct ( we will get back to that later).

Every time we ask for a new free ride, we are putting pressure on the resources. Every time we desire something, the universe makes attempts to fulfill as quickly as possible ; provided the expectations are legit and communicated clearly through a set of actions or a pre -existing template. If billions of us continue to do that, at some point, system would crash. As we are already seeing it with our beautiful planet. We have filled it with garbage. Burnt its natural resources. Extincted the jungles and the species that live on the jungle. Air is hard to breathe in big cities. And now we want to move to the Mars. Even that is granted, provided we start paying some dues.

Didn't I pay with my USDs and BTCs ?

Yes you did. Everything you shopped at Amazon, you paid with paper or crypto money. But does it actually pays for the all that universe provisions - including the water, air and this beautiful body itself ? In fact, money and trade is just another multi user game that we can play to consume ourselves when we are done with the high school games. Counting your beans is as pleasurable as the hitting the post in basketball. It is a game of old and sad part is older were expected to start contributing back to the actual system.

I told a lie ..somewhat

When I said we don't pay for all the pleasures, I was little wrong. We do pay with the pains and miseries. For every pleasure, there is pain to follow. That is what makes it cyclic. Pleasures of more money, more success are always paid back with more sorrows. For every rise, there is a fall. Richest of the rich can't escape it. Even stars go through the same fate. This is an eternal reality. The obvious solution then would be to not play the game at all. Give up everything. But here is the bigger misfortune - once you enter the game, the exit is only after solving the puzzle. There is no way to switch off this reality. Not even with death. In fact, pains are a way to let you know that you are taxing the system. It is a way to reinforce Nishkaam - doing things without desires is the only way to peace and solve the puzzle. Whatever you do with the intent of no payback is actual contribution to the system. It could be as little as watering the plants.

If you think about of it, Pains and Pleasure are kind of balanced. We already have tremendous amount of pleasures built into us. All the things that just work to make us sense this reality. Most other things that we desire are thus need to generate pain to balance the two sides. The choice still remains with us. Do we want to accomplish pain by desiring more or do we want to do things without desires with whatever we already have. It is that simple. We already have two legs. We can walk to enjoy the nature. Or we can choose to desire a fancy car and get the associated pains. The truth is we can do a lot with whatever we have and yet we desire for more pains.

Gita, doesn't change this truth. It only gives you a path to sail through ...

Is it a cruel system ?

Not at all. We should not conclude that this is a unfairly rigged system. We have tutorials, docs and contextual help. And if you think about it, even in our humane systems, there are penalties for not following the code of conduct. For example, lets take social media, such a beautiful thing but then people misuse it. They crave for more followers. They build bots to alter the elections. There is every type of hack in play at every level. Sometimes when the things get out of control , what does Twitter do ! .. They are forced to kill the account of most celebrated celebs.

Krishna said the same thing long before we found the Facebook terms and conditions.. He said

Yada Yada hi Dharmasya , Glanir Bhavati Barata , Abhuthanmdharmaysa , Srijamyaham Yuge Yuge.

Don't worry about the Sanskrit though it is considered to be on top of most scientifically designed languages.. At least till c was written :-) . What Krishna means here is - Whenever there is too much hacking on code of conduct, I incarnate myself as a human to clean it up .

See the fairness of the system - It provisions all the experiences but it can only act through a regular account - just like you and me. There is no deletion of data from the back end. It must instantiate itself as a human to make a change here. Yes, Krishna does has the root access, but she is still a regular human user. You and me can also get the same privileges. In fact the purpose of Krishna is to create / enable users like Arjuna to clean up the system. Just like each one of us has a purpose ..

How is it different from making lists and getting things done ?

You have probably heard about GTD. Yes Gita is all about getting things done effectively ; but it goes a step further. The question that it addresses is of immense importance and that is...

Let us say, I figure out my actions language ? Do I still need to payback with Pain ? Is there another currency ?

So here is the kicker -

Gita says - If you focus on outcomes and figure out the detailed action plan and of course practice it rigorously, system will provision the outcomes for you. You will enjoy your success but you will again join the cycle after the effect of your Karma and Yajna weathers off. And it sure will no matter how big or pious your mission. If you focus only on actions, and effectively defocus the "outcomes". You will be free from pleasures and Pains. This is because pains and pleasures are means to bond you with the "outcomes". You are attached to things that give you happiness (or pleasure) and their absence or fear or their absence causes pain. This includes your body. Your home. Your kids. Your family and friends and so on. In essence, your universe is all the things that you are bonded with.

"Actions", on the other hand, only have peace and they lead to a good night (or afternoon) sleep. After you act, the sleep cycle decrypts the knowledge. Actions donot cause bondage. In fact, prospect of going through the action drill again, makes you hate the actions. But once you cross the initial barrier, the actions are source of peace. That is the reason, actions must be adopted as a ritual. If you break the ritual, chances are you will elope away from the actions.

So then what is the point - If I am not going to get any "pleasure" then why should I indulge in actions ?

Krishna says - two reasons :-

First - You can not live without actions. You will anyway be forced into them based on your Svabhava. . And Second - the more important - Actions without Desires [AWDs] -also called Nishkaam Karma give you bliss and peace. As you engage in [AWDs] , the [protected]knowledge starts revealing itself. You start becoming "one" with the knowledge. You become the developer or maintainer of this system. And you enjoy eternal peace and finally exit the cycle when your discovery is complete.

Feels like a good reason to try out [AWDs] , what say ?

Did you say there is online and contextual help available - where is it ?

Absolutely yes but it is not this book or Gita itself. These texts are only to give you axioms and framework. The help really is with in you.

Krishna says - your copy of [protected] knowledge is always watching you. It is a version management system that tracks every commit of your actions. As soon as you start progressing with [AWDs], the knowledge starts talking to you. It is there to hold your hands. Put you on right path. Once your actions reach a level of rigor, the knowledge starts accepting those actions as food and starts revealing itself with in you. This knowledge is your online and contextual help. It talks to your, helps you correct your course. And finally when you understood all that is there, you become one with me.

What happens when I become one with collective consciousness

Krishna says - Now you are me. You are beyond actions because nothing in this world binds you to outcomes. You are beyond desires but you still engage in actions for greater good and to set a model code of conduct. Once you give up your body, you don't need to take a birth unless there is a need to incarnate.

Well, this looks like a computer, or robot - who made this ?

As we discussed in chapter 1.2, the question of origin (or the end) is always a "chicken of egg" story. One of the way our perceptions are designed is to shift our focus to the extreme cases. Such cases are unimportant. What is important is what we feel on day to day basis - every moment of our existence. In fact we can address the extreme cases only if we are fully aware of the reality.

Chapter 7.0

One of the few things that both religion and science agree on is - "Change is the only permanent thing". This, however, gives an impression that change is linear and irreversible. But if you see all around us, change is not linear. It is always circular. Look at the seasons. Winter feels like it will never end but then Summer comes in. And just when the heat wave reaches the peak, we know the cold face of earth has started taking the shape. Same is true about the happiness and pains. Friends and family. Relationships. The change is mostly circular. Yes , there may be subtle changes in terms of places , people or patterns but by and large, things repeat themselves enough times for us to see a wave like pattern.

The question is "do we have something that is not changing ?". This is a doubt worth entertaining. Isn't it ? Because if there is something immutable, it might be a good idea to make that as our basis. It makes sense to stick to that center around which all this is rotating in a circular-ish move. Is there a fulcrum, a pivot or an axis around which this entire visible or perceptible universe is dancing ? We know from our experience that we can only observe the change. For example we can only see if there is a change in the color. If everything had the same color as the backdrop, there is nothing to see. Our touch senses only if there is a change in the texture. In essence, our senses are designed to observe only "change". No wonder what we perceive is always changing because that is what we are looking for.

This might sound a circular argument but the very definition of change is hinged on the fact that there must be something fixed. Or at least relatively stable frame of reference. And this is not an alien science. We see many things around us that are relatively stable. In fact we fancy stable technologies. We seek stable friends. Earth is good because gravitational pull is quite stable. Imagine if gravity changed the way weathers do. Half the weight in summer when you want a beach body and double the size in winter when you can safely tuck the belly in an oversize coat :-)

Gita's take on this is in line with the above argument. It says there are two fundamental parts ..

  • One that changes - Kshr - All of manifested universe is part of this. This is what we can perceive with our senses.
  • Other that never change - Akshr - The Atma [protected] knowledge is immutable. The good news is this what we are. Even though we can't play around with this part through our senses, it is still accessible to us and drives most of our actions.

The question still remains why change occurs in the manifested. To understand it , let us first see what exactly is manifested and how we perceive it ..

Ever changing manifestations.

Manifestation is the expansion of information. Information, by definition means something that can be informed. In other words it is something that can be experienced through senses. Everything that we can observe directly with our senses (or by enhancing our perception through tools) is essentially "information". As we saw in last section, information is Shruti - something that can be heard ! Now of course we can read it or watch a video or even see face to face. A house is information. Clothes are information and so is a book. Everything is a Shruti. The Hindu scripture names few shrutis as the messages from kings and from the saints - Those were passed on a hearsay but broader definition is something that we can experience with the senses.

On the other hand, knowledge is something that can only be experienced - it is beyond senses. It is beyond communication. Ask someone who creates a poem, sings a song or makes an airplane. An airplane is a manifestation. We can see it. But how it is created is so unique to the engineers who make it. You can't make a plane or music just by seeing a plane or a concert. You can't even make a car just by reading a book on the automotive engineering. Ask Elon Musk about the manufacturing hell :-) . You need to engage in the action Karma. Practicing Karma as a ritual Yajna leads to the knowledge that eventually translates into the manifestation. Once something manifests - a meme, a joke , a rocket , a book or a poem - It becomes a Shruti. It has it's own expression. But the knowledge remains with the one who performed the Yajna as her Smriti. In a way every manifestation presents an opportunity to know something deeper. It tells us that someone has spent umpteen days and months in creating this and we can also achieve that skill through rigor or practice.

In a way the knowledge is like a little black hole in you. Even you can't see it with your senses. You really don't know how you hit the baseball so perfectly while others can't even connect. You have sure done ton of practice but what is in you to hit that ball is beyond you. Every one is, however, informed well when you hit the home run. That is a manifestation of home run. You can make it an NFT if you want :-)

At the same time you do want to tell them all about this thing. Words alone don't help - why not just sing that song. Why not fly a drone - The knowledge drives the urge to share. How you package the information to share is up to you. May be you are a master of words , or you are an engineer - the way you share is what you manifest - that other conscious agents could touch and feel. What you can't share is the knowledge. Your smriti dawns on you through yajna but stays with you.

With every new iteration, you improve your manifestation a tiny bit. That is how older code gets more stable. More bugs are fixed. It now runs on more platforms. If you are reading this book , I am sure there are typos. Probably some of the topics don't make sense; but the 20th edition of this book will be impeccable if I continue to refine it. You see the point - the change is because we are always improving the things. Even if I don't improve this text, I am sure there are many others who are writing on this topic. Some of them will sure take it as a life mission. If you want to read a book or use an app , you would always seek for the latest version. No one ever asks for the alphas or betas. But the improvements are always better information. The 100th edition of Organic Chemistry is not something that can teach you chem without ever going to lab. May be there are better graphics, an online tutorial but you still need to solve those problems yourself in order to appreciate binomial theorem.

Now, certain manifestations are only for the consumption. These manifestations change even faster. Because the whole purpose is to make you invest your time without any good reason. That is the reason most of the things on Netflix are so addictive . Game of Thrones invests more only on the back ground music than the entire budget of CS curricula. Which means that the fast changing artifacts or technologies are generally traps for your time. Anyway, we digressed - the point I am making is , manifestations are always changing to make them more palatable and we always intend to enjoy the latest version. That is why there are always new leaves. Newer versions of the same app. New shows. New stars - both in the tinsel town and in the night sky that you saw twenty years back to write your poem.

The interface

You are probably reading this text on a beautiful user interface of your smart device. Some of you, who still lug around a bulky laptop for work, may be reading it on the Windows UI. Windows 10 is pretty good though Microsoft recently announced an all new interface in Windows 11 :-) . If you are a creative type, you might be using a Mac to read this in your shiny Safari . And then there are few Linux geeks who still use a command line interface to do all things. Yes, there are text browsers that can somehow render a web page without a drop of Java Script :-) Bottom line is - you need an interface to read something as simple or as complex as a web page. The type and nature of the interface doesn't really matter. The question is what exactly is the interface ?

Interface is the mechanism through which our senses interact with the information (manifestations)

Let us expand this a little more. The moment we open our eyes , what we see is the interface. A glorious three dimensional interface. Our ears, skin , nose - the senses other than the eyes , don't need a three dimensional interface but the perceptions we get through these senses - even the perception of the taste , is through an interface. Really ?

You may argue that ears don't need an interface. You can say that the sound can simply get into our ears and then into our brains. Yes, it can but how do we differentiate the barking sound of a dog from that of the cat purrs ?

The interface of doubts.

Interface is NOT one that observes. Observations are done by the senses. Interface is where we make sense of the observations. If there was no auditory interface, the sounds or big bull dog and that of the tiny cat won't seem different to us. We wont be able to differentiate the taste of Napa red from that of Scotland fluids. We have a pre existing copy of the taste of coffee and that is what makes us distinguish it from the Darjeeling tea. You may recall the discussion on Dhritis. Our evaluation of observation v/s what we have as a reference point is lot more than a computer matching the cat pics because what we invoke is an enchilada of emotions. That is the reason some people might throw up at the sight of a someone killing an animal but the same person may not think twice eating the same animal at a fancy restaurant.

In the last chapter, we understood that the "doubts" are our pre conceived notions that we check against reality through actions. Thus interface is a place where we match our "doubts" with the sensory inputs. You can look at a picture of Golden Gate Bridge and tell that it is different from the Brooklyn Bridge because you can match your eyes' three dimensional input with the pre existing picture in your brain. It is also a place where you make an assumption about the reality and take a call to test your presumption against reality. Interface works great with the active senses but they are not mandatory. For example we can have experiences in the dreams. Dreams feel quite real but in reality we want to make sure that we are not dreaming something. We want to continuously assess our reality and most of the time we run ahead of the actual event because we have expectations tied to most of our actions. For example, if you put a kettle on the stove, you know it is going to boil soon , you check if it is done or not. In our survival oriented world, we are continuously assessing the manifestations against our expectations. As discussed above, the information bout manifestations changes rather quickly these days. Thus we are mostly busy in assessing the change .. No wonder our reality is always changing.

Interface is NOT something external. It is with in us. That is the reason my perception of reality is different from you. And we both see the world in totally different light v/s a dog though the dog has almost same number of senses.

Interface is full of noise.

After a day's hard work, you decided to open the bottle of that Napa red , the costly one and sat down on your couch to watch something good. You click past the never ending list of titles on Prime Videos, nothing really matches the mood. You shuffle between Prime to Netflix to Hulu to HBO , and then something gets your attention. You click to read the abstract and may be watch a trailer. Why ?

Because you have a unique presumption of this evening. May be you want to watch some action but with a mix of meaningful emotional drama and something intelligent though not crossing over to sci fi. The "Dark Knight" sounds perfect but you have already seen it though you have almost forgotten the story line. May be new Joker but that one seems bit too much psycho -ish. Okay, the point is - you are choosing one or may be two or max three titles out of thousands of options available to you online.

The things that you want to indulge in are the things that matter from interface standpoint. Rest everything is noise. Another example - Let us say you are driving on the freeway. Thousands of cars and Trucks are moving by your side. All you care is not to hit any of them. You don't really care if it is a car or a truck or plane. If we ensure you that your Tesla will never hit anything on the road , would you even notice what is going on on the road ? All that is noise. Billions of people living their lives, never criss crossing you , trillions of stars in the outer galaxy, millions of apps in the app store and everything that is out there - they all help make you what you are , but from "interface" standpoint, they are just noise. Don't get me wrong , that occasional Lamborghini on the road might catch your attention to inspire you but you rarely notice the things in this vast expanse. Yet, here we are with all those tiny twinkling stars in the night sky. Oh well , they helped you write a poem some twenty years back :-)

A puddle of information

It doesn't matter if you are looking at this page through Android UI or iOS , or on Mac or in a text Browser. The interface in your mind can match the sensory inputs that came into your brain through a set of actions or the noticeable things in the noise, with the pre existing notions. This is where we create our beautiful (or mundane) reality. A three dimensional visual box , a deep auditory pipe and flattish sense of touch and taste. The remarkable thing of interface is our ability to verify pan senses. For example, we may hear a sound and we can perceive that it is a train coming from distance and when we open our eyes we do see a train at a distance. Not an aeroplane. All this is good.

But we know for sure that senses can only observe information. We can't communicate knowledge thus "knowledge" is beyond senses and thus "knowledge" is beyond this very intricate interface.

The big picture

Just to put it all together, we talked about Vrittis - our emotional response to the sensory observations and that the Vrittis are part of the Chakras in our body. Obviously these Chakras are not some physical organs in the body. What they call them in Hath Yoga is the Sookshma Sarira as opposed to the Sthool Sarira that we see with organ and blood and the medical anatomy. As our senses indulge with the manifestations , the Vrittis are invoked and contrasted to all the Dhritis - the subtle memories that we have. In a way Smriti is a superset of all the Dhritis and lot more. All this hit and trial happens in the "interface" and as a net result, the Chakras in the body start spinning faster or slower. This is a continuous exercise - even sleep is not excluded. The spin of Chakras is not a bad thing. This is what presents us new ideas for survival and growth. Without all this spin, we would not even be there or still be a single cell micro organism. While at a physical level, our body is surviving ; at meta physical level we are expanding our ID. Now we own a car, a home , a business , a family and extra large circle of Instagram friends. We now identify ourself with lot more than just the body suit we got at the birth. With Id we have grown a vast array of Ahmkara - the ego and of course we are susceptible to the bugs of Matrix.

What we lose in this process is our natural spin. We distance ourselves from our Svabhava. Good or bad ? is subjective and is based on situation and what you really want to do with your life. After all this is your life. What Gita says, however, is very clear. It says that once you distance yourself from your Svabhava , indulging in actions (as a ritual) will get difficult. In fact, Nishkaam Karma - actions without desires will become almost impossible. Thus you will be lost in the cycles of happiness and pain. If and when you get tired of this cyclic nature , the first thing you will need to do is get to your natural spin. How do we do that ?

Given that you are a successfully surviving human of 21st century , the odds are you are spinning lot faster. The only way to calm yourself down in to take a break from the interface. Which means minimise your sensory inputs. Keep a tab on the curiosity for the change. Develop a certain degree of faith if you can and let go chasing everything new. What you have is probably more than enough for your survival - the real physical survival - not the survival in the race. This is kinda pre-requisite to even indulge in Nishkaam Karma. A clean slate. A stable state of the mind. Knowledge that change and chase is only in the information. They don't have much to do with the "Knowledge" that lies with in us but is hidden or covered by this ever changing shiny interface. It is something like getting your kitchen garden soil ready to sow the seeds of actions. Remove all the weeds. Fix the water supply. Understand the exposure. And get things under a tighter control with in you. This is no easy task given the temptations and the opportunities to indulge. This is where most of the techniques of Yoga - as in Nyaan Yoga , Bhakti Yoga , Samtva Budhi Yoga or Hath Yogacome in to play. They are all there to enable you in entertainDhyana ieMananandChintanand then initiate yourYajna. No matter what you do , the initition of your ritual of actions will always be with some sort of desire. You will need many iterations to weed the desires out even though they will keep cropping back. In doing this , you will finally end up in Karm Yoga` the state of desireless actions and everlasting peace.

The Unchangeable

The discussion about change will only be half done without thinking about the one that is unchangeable. It is quite this simple -

if we don't observe the change, what we are looking at is unchangeable.

And it truely is. I guess it will be clear in another property of Atma and that is Avyakta - the one that can't be revealed. This property comes from the simple fact that we are always focused on change. Our observations and interface is designed to pick up the changes and thus we scoop over the "fixed". Again , this is not alien science. We see it everyday. We try new electroics on daily basis without ever looking at the electricity. We appreciate the output of the hard work without alluding to the energy. We see the spin in everything without noticing the angular momentum. And let me know if anyone seen the "Gravity". It is NOT to blame us or our observatories , it is just to say that we are trying to use a wrong set of tools or our approach to seek the truth is misplaced. Krishna reveals this in chapter 10 where he explains to Arjuna as to what exactly is the shape of divine "Knowledge" . In verse 20 to 42 he explains where to look for him and what does he look like. He says

  1. I am the soul, pince victorious, which dwells in the hearts of all things. I am the beginning , the middle and end of all that lives.
  2. Among the sons of light, I am the Vishnu, and of the luminaries the radiant sun. I am the lord of the windsand storms, and of the lights in the night I am the moon.
  3. Of the Vedas I am the Veda of songs, and I am Indra, the chief of the Gods. Above man's sense I am the mind, and in alll living beings I am the light of consciousness.
  4. Among the terrible powersI am the God of destruction; and among mosters Vittesa, the lord of wealth. Of radiant spirits I am fire; and among the high mountains the mountain of the gods.
  5. Of priests I am the divine priest Brishaspati , and among warriors Skanda, the god of war. Of lakes I am the vast ocean.
  6. Among great seers I am Bhrigu; and of the words I am OM, the word of Eternity. Of prayers I am the prayer of silence; and of the things that move not I am the Himalayas.
  7. Of trees, I am the tree of life, and of heavenly seers Narada.Among celestial musicians, Chitra-ratha; and among seers on earth Kapila.
  8. Of horses I am the horse of Indra, and of the elephants his elephant Airavta. Among men I am king of men.
  9. Of weapons I am thunderbolt, and of the cows the cow of wonder. Among creators I am the creator of love; and among serpants the serpant Shesh Naga the serpant of Eternity.
  10. Smong the snakes of mystry, I am Ananta, and of those born in water I am Varuna, their lord. Of the spirits of the fathers I am Aryaman, and of the rulers Yama - the ruler of death.
  11. Of demons I am Prahlada, their prince, and of all things that measure I am time. Of beasts I am the king of beasts and of birds Vainateya, who carries a God.
  12. Among things of purification I am the wind, and among warriors I am Rama, the hero supreme. Of fishes in the sea I am Makra the wonderful and of rivers the holy Ganges.
  13. I am the beginning and the middle and the end of all that is. Of all knowledge, I am the knowledge of the Soul. Of many paths of reason I am the one that leads to Truth.
  14. Of sounds, I am the first sound, A; of compounds I am coordination. I am time. Never ending time. I am the creator who see all.
  15. I am death that carries off all things, and I am the source of things to come. Of feminine nouns I am fame and prosperity; speech , memory and and intelligence; Constancy and patient forgiveness.
  16. I am Brihat song of all songs of Vedas. I am Gaytri of all the measures in verse. Of months I am the first of the year, and of the seasons the season of flowers.
  17. I am cleverness in the gamblers's dice. I am the beauty of all things beautiful. I amm victory and the struggle for victory. I am the goodness of those who are good.
  18. Of the children of Vrishni, I am Krishna; and of the sons of Pandu I am Arjuna. Among the seers in silence I am Vyasa; and among poets I am poet Ushna
  19. I am the specter of the rulers of men; and I am the wise policy of those who seek victory. I am the silence of the hidden mysteries; and I am the knowledge of those who know.
  20. And know Arjuna, that I am the seed of all things that are; and that no being that moves or move not can ever be without me.

But at the end Krishna says - and that is all important

There is no end to my divine greatness. What I have spoken here is only a small part of my infinity. Know thou that whatever is beautiful and good, whatever has glory and power is only a portion of my radiance. But of what help is to thee to know this diversity ? Know that with one single fraction of my being I pervade and support this universe, and know that I am.


The Ganga, the holy river is considered the river or life - fresh and ever changing. Starting from the heights of Himalayas , crushing the rocks and the hills , she finds her way through the great fertile plains of northern land before meeting the vast Indian ocean at the foot of city of Calcutta - among the most densely populated cities worldwide. Ganga finds a unique place in the psyche of Indus civilization and Hindu Scripture. Back in early nineties, I started my work life at Calcutta and happened to visit the place where Ganga finally lands into the ocean. As wide as the sea itself it sports all sorts of tropical flora and fauna at Sunderban delta. Even at Calcutta, where it is only around 100 miles short of its final merger, it flows at a depth and speed I had never seen before. I happened to ferry across the great river between the modern marvels of Hawrah bridge on one side and the Second Hugli bridge on the other. A spectacle beyond 360 degree view of any smartphone. Crossing the river in a ferry was always my first choice even though I had options to take much faster cab or bus though nothing moves more than 10 miles an hour in Calcutta.

Crossing Ganga always reminded me of life. Not in the sense of self purification as is common in the Hindu Scripture or mammoth body of gushing water that underpins the very essence of Calcutta, it posed a simple question - what if I need to cross this massive water on my own. The depth , the flow and ever changing unknown. Can I swim across ? I was in prime of my youth and starting my first job in a new city. The idea of swimming across Ganga (which I never tried) finally morphed into another challenge in my young blood. A challenge to take on the flow of this life. I used to marvel at the massive bridges across this mighty river as a testament of what humans could do. Mixed with them my dreams and vigor. It was an inspiration beyond words and one that stays with me even today after almost thirty years.

The question that comes to me now is, "Was I ready to take on the challenge?" Life happened - good or bad. I played by the ears. Making good of my opportunities - winning some and losing others. Now, as I look back to make a sense of all that happened - I see Ganga as a metaphor for the flow in our life. We jump in the river, ill equipped to handle even our breath. No , I am not suggesting breathing techniques - Pranayama. All I am reflecting on is what it takes to cross this flow of life we all have - the moments rushing in, the days and the nights , and the months and the years passing by - and to what purpose ? It makes me sad when someone says life has no purpose. The idea that the inspirations I had were misplaced or unreal makes me cringe.

We are not here to "somehow" pass through. In fact, we can't even do that!

We are here to achieve and accomplish. Create a bridge , make the boats , play with the flow , swim across and take in the blessings of life that Ganga brings to our door. This life will be quite worthless if we spent it just for our own sake - breathing has no purpose if it was not for doing something bigger. The clock starts when you decide to take in the challenge of life - before that dead or living are quite meaningless.


The clock starts with the vow to make something of off the opportunity we have. We wander endlessly , not just one life , consuming for survival, till the inspiration is strong enough to make us commit all we have. Every breath needs to be committed. Yajna can't even start without such dedication. This is called Sanklpa - the beginning of a Kalpa - Eon. Sankalpa is not a new year resolution. It is a resolve to let go everything else till the goal is manifested. All the notable things in this universe are result of someone committing all the chips of just one thing. Three things are fundamental necessities for such resolve - inspiration, realization and blessing. In a way Sankapla is a wow to end the duality henceforth. It is as much a resolve to fight with in as it is to arrange, organize or strive for required actions or resources externally. In a way Sankalpa is a vow to let go your current Id and strive for something new. Sankalpa is NOT chasing a random desire. It is the end of all desires but one - realize the potential of who you are. Metaphorically you are going to burn all desires in the holy fire of Yajna.


The key thing to understand is that only tool you have is your body. All other tools are contingent on how your body and thus your mind operate. Thus keeping your body and mind fit for the purpose is essential. In modern times, we end up compromising our fitness for fast buck, fast food and fast entertainment. It works for sometime till you have the currency of youth - even then you find yourself craving for unnecessary things. As you grow old, and trust me, every one does, body and mind doesn't work the way you want them to. America spends more dollars on meds even though we have some of the best tools at our disposal - in healthcare and otherwise. If I told you Yoga is the best way to heal your mind and body, I had be lying. You need to find your own tools , own foods and own routine to figure out what works. One thing I can guarantee - Karm Yoga doesn't work for the sick. It can sure help to calm the nerves but that is not the only goal. Unless you feel good inside, it is almost impossible to do good outside. Gita has recommendations but those are to be taken subjectively. Eating vegan , waking up early , spending time with animals , doing your own chores , living in solitude are some of them but you need to adjust them to modern way of life. Personally I found great deal of calm in simply giving up the smart phone. My night was mostly consumption - media, gossip or food; just by shifting my routine by four hours towards morning helped me explore the writing tools and got me much better text. It also opened a window to run daily with my dogs.

The potters wheel

Think of Atma - the protected knowledge as the clay and your Chakras (svabhava and vrittis) as the wheel. Your intelligence guiding the wheel can make anything you want. Possibilities are end less but you can make only one thing at a time. Once committed to something - be it a job , relationship , an artifact or an app , you must try your best to complete the manifestation. Acting as a ritual without desires is the best shot you have. The process of manifestation itself is the revelation of knowledge.

What follows is a cycle of four phases.


Every manifestation - big or small ; as big as this entire universe or as small as writing a book, goes through the same four phases. We call them Yugas.


Marks the inspiration and willingness to commit to a cause. A cause bigger than consumption or survival.


If you wandered on California trails, cutting through the ranches where they lose the boundary and cattle roam free from one hill to another, I am sure you noticed that cattle always come back. They have some sort of GPS and sense of time. But that is not the point I driving you to. I am saying if you wandered such trails, you sure have seen the cow dung. Cow dung is not special but what it happens with in it is quite amazing. With in a day or two, suddenly a colony of small insects grow inside to eat it away. They eat away all the remaining nutrients and with in a week or so , the dung becomes the earth.

Where did this colony of millions of small insects grew up. We thought life takes billions of years of evolution. How come all that happened almost instantaneously ? And even bigger question is why it seems like a day or a week long process for the knowledge to spring up - knowledge to convert the cow dung to earth ? Do those insects know their purpose ? Or the purpose is in our narrative ?


When we cast the net to catch the fish, that is the narrative we tell ourselves. Are we catching the fish or the dead corpses of the fish ? If we were to catch fish, we should always keep the net in the water. Because fish is manifestation of knowledge that stays in water, roams around , breaths and procreates in water. Our purpose was never to catch the fish. Our purpose was to sell the dead corpses of fish in the market or may be make dinner with it.

The moment we pull the net out, the "FISH" leave the net. Instantaneously , you have the dead corpses.

Life springs up in cow dung instantaneously. It leaves the net instantaneously.


A machine is that takes two or many fairly automated Yajnas and bind them together as a black box. It needs certain inputs , it goes through its actions , binds or releases the knowledge and give you something that you can feel with your senses. You only get the information, no knowledge comes to you from machine as to what transpired inside. You can take this information and do whatever you want to do it with you.

Machines are everywhere in the user interface as well as deep in the application. We perceive these machines and their (info) outputs with our senses.


Time is the wait for machines to complete their tasks. Our senses build a narrative to keep us busy. For example, we have seen the fish swimming in the water. Now that net is down below, even without clear sight, we are imagining that fish are getting caught in the net. How dumb are they ! No evolution has trained them that they should dodge the net. And how big bounty we are catching here in the deep water. How much I am going to sell them for.

We don't care that the machine is doing two separate things here - casting deep is to lure the fish - the net is such intricate mesh of intelligence that fish must manifest into it. They will come even though it seems stupid. And then the second act is manifestation of dead corpses as the machine pulls the net out. Knowledge manifested in the net and left. We are handed the dead fish and the narrative to make you feel as if two hours passed.

Krishna and Gita

  • The question that haunts new yogies is who is Krishna ? In chapter 10 verse 20 , Krishna says

ahem atma gudakesa, sarv bhootasya sthitah ; ahem adishch madhyam cha, bhootanam antev cha! - Means I am the atma in every being. I am in the center of them. I was their beginning as well as their end.

  • So we can say a conscious agent has three fundamental parts - The senses, the Mind and the Soul.


  • The notion of time Kala is the effort conscious agent takes to create an action plan. Once all the details are filled in, manifestation is instantaneous. Think of it as if we are writing a program. The time is taken in writing the code , compiling and may be debugging it. And to accommodate the change requests. Once the code is final and made into a binary, it hardly takes any time to run and manifest the intended outcome.
  • The way each program spawns its own universe at run time, Krishna says, I do all the work by spawning the universe required for the action plan.
  • Conscious agents feel continuity of time Kal chakra because before an action plan is frozen they move on to interpreting more sense observations. And they keep changing the action plan.

The Notion of Time - KaalChakraa Senses have dual role - To observe the nature and to commuicate with other conscious beings. Since ears are always open to the space they also act as the primary Sense in all animals with five senses. That's the reason MUSIC is the most evolved means to set the mood. We will know about moods later. For now suffice to know that hearing is primary sense in both say humans and dogs but dogs; after hearing something focus with smell. Humans on the other hand focus with eyes. For most part we decide Yes or NO to act on the sensory inputs with nose. In some cases such as eating we deploy nose. Dogs take the call with nose and very rarely deploy their eyses. That is the reason your dog can't see you talking on iPhone but they can hear. Then they try to smell and when they dont find you smell they think their mind is playing tricks. And they sit down in vain. Since vision works for us , we have developed technology to broadcast sound and video but we don't care abount the smell. This itself is putting rest of the animal world at an disadvantage.

  • We need to justify ourselves to stay alive or else truth will break our ego / ID. If all of us see the same truth, we just can't be different. We use reason to do this justification. Reason by design must create at the very least a sense of duality. So that you can pick up your version of the story rather than truth.

When you are in your Yajna there is no notion of time. Because your senses are rarely used in the Yajna. You are lost in the action. Kalpa thus is timeless.


In trigonometry and geometry, triangulation is the process of determining the location of a point by forming triangles to the point from known points. {Wikipedia}

Let us try to find our position from the set of knowns. In fact we are search for the "truth" but truth is who we are ? The most importnat command in Unix world is whiami. If we want to understand "who we are" then we need to listen to our own noise. How my heart feels and how my mind reacts.


One of the common confusions among seekers is normally what path to take. There are so many different types of Yogas and each is heralded as the ultimate path. The truth, however, lies in where we are because the path is always relative to us.

As shown in the graphic above, one of the easy way to understand where we are is to think of the Chakras as the gates or stages with respect to the age.

The trick of Nature

As shown above, there is a path available at every stage of the life or in every Chakra based on our natural orientation at that age. The problem is as soon as we try to take the exit route, we are pushed to the next stage. For example, our focus is completely on self when we are born but as we hit the puberty, we want to be anything but self. We kinda hate ourselves and want to project us as the Cool or Hot . Later we discover that the best bet to success is "Be Yourself" but the ship has alreacy sailed. There is no way to be "ourselves" now that we are already something else. Again there is path available in our intense longing to mate. Kaam Sutra offers a way to bliss and ultimate realization. But before we mature our longing into a Yoga we are already looking for things that we don't have. Manipuraka is our quest for one missing thing. Be it food or status. We now crave for the missing piece. We don't appreciate what we already have. Our entire intelligence (or focus) is now on that little thing that we don't yet possess. Once we have that, we are seeking something else. Such is the nature of manifestation. A

Once we understand who we are, then only we can plot where we want to go. Yoga is nothing but this path. The internal evolution from what you are to what you want to be is thus Yoga. Karm Yoga goes a step further. It says that you should aspire to be someone who fully understand and comprehend the situation at hand ; and acts righteously without expectations. In a way, such person does what this universal machine wants him to do. Deliverance of such responsibility also entails our ability to fully understand ourselves , our emotional response and an innate ability to keep a check on our nature while we are in pursuit of the task or duty at hand. Thus Karm Yoga encompasses all the yogas. And that also means why Karm Yoga is most misunderstood concept.

Being Human

Gita gives humanity super special status because humans have tools to perform, Yajna and Dhyana - which means humans have innate ability to tap into [protected] knowledge and manifest in targeted way. For example humans can easily become a musicians. Not to say that Music is a cakewalk but imagine how hard it is for a dog to play the Violin. It seems that humans can pretty much do anything that they want to accomplish. Other species might do certain activities better than humans - for example Horse is a better runner but they are - more or less- a single trick ponies. Horses may get angry on me for calling them ponies :-) ..

What about humans - can all of us do everything that we want to ? Are some of us better at getting things done ? Some of spend a lot of time in thinking what to do and others jump right in ! And then there are some who sit there , do nothing and just write books - what losers :-)

Should you teach all the kids in a class in same manner ? Or even better - should it be okay to have a grade five students attend graduate level courses ? Is grade five student in any measure lesser than a graduate level one ? - both are just trying to study based on their age , time or grey matter.

Krishna says - all are equally important but everyone is unique. Being unique is a welcome thing. He says - I created four broad categories based on human's orientation, their preferences and what they want to or not want to accomplish. These categories are beyond color, age and sex. They definitely have nothing to do with the place or family of birth because the "App" we are talking is truly global in nature - In fact it is a universal app ..

Chatur Varnyam Maya Srishtam , Guna Karm Vibhagshah ;

Which means - I created four different bands of humans based on their affinities and actions orientations.

People can move from one band to another if they want to. And these bands are NOT lesser of better than each other. Based on these four categories, there are navigational paths and help documentation available.

A common misunderstanding among readers of Gita is that these four categories are some kind of grades - as if you move from Elementary to Middle school and than to High and there after you get a bachelor degree. There is no such thing. You can realize your [protected] knowledge in which ever category you are. There is NO better or worse path. The goal of Gita is NOT to change you into a different human. In fact - the goal is to make you better at what you are - kinda a best version of your self. For example - Krishna didn't ask Arjuna (a warrior) to turn into a monk. Nor did he ask him to start a big business. He only made him a better warrior. ..So much "better" that you lift yourself above these categories and orientations. The word that Gita uses is Gunateeta - which means beyond qualities and Sthitprgya - means the one whose intelligence is rock stable.

Let us look into the categories .. We will use the example of our App Model to make it easy concept ..



The simplest thing is most un-intuitive..

What happens if I choose not to turn on the ignition and press on the gas? The logical answer is car won't run. But it doesn't mean you wont get to the destination. May be you can take a bus. May be going there is not even important. The simple answer is probably "it doesn't matter". Most of the things are anyway happening without us making a choice. We didn't order or heart to start pumping the blood this morning. Breathing never stopped. All the important things are anyway beyond our choice. We somehow start believing that the choices we make are the cause of all the action.

Is there anything we could do where we don't make a choice. Let someone else make a choice or even better to leave it on nature. Guess what, most of us would think we will have nothing to do if we didn't make a choice. Gita says, there is plenty. At a very minimum, we can watch things happening. Or wait for someone to ask for a glass of water. Why is it so hard to let the "doer" make a choice and just follow along ? That is because our choices (not actions) are driven by desires. We want to accomplish something without even spending time to understand if the thing we want get done are aligned with collective consciousness. In a way, we are running the car - helter skelter - under influence of desires.

In next chapter I will build on my understanding of the framework to detach desires from actions. Suffice to know here that such actions are called Nishkaam Karma - which simply means - actions without desires. These actions - when practiced- are key to understanding the [protected] knowledge for when we are NOT driven by desires, we are driven by Atma. Just like rest of the beautiful universe ...

#Bhakti Yoga

If you don't have time to understand Gita, or you don't think you have patiience to deal with it ? What is the way out ?

In fact , Krishna , knowing the plight of most of us mortals , says , Bhakti Yoga is easier and a happy way to Karm Yoga.

All you need to do is follow your Krishna and leave all your outcomes (good or bad) unto Krishna.


  • The centerpiece of Bhakti Yoga is to understand that all manifestation is done by Krishna. Krishna being the vast consciousness from where all conscious agents emanate and a tiny piece of that is in every being. This separation is ONLY to substantiate our notion of SPACE. We will discover later that there is no physical separation. Everything is connected. The difference is only what a conscious agent is focused on to observe. Observation is the key for our universe is as small (or as vast) as we observe.
  • Conscious agents get sensory inputs as soon as they (the senses) come in contact with their respective element. And then we process the information in terms of acceptance of change in conditions and then our INTELLIGENCE cast an action plan. This is the TIME. The moment plan is complete i.e knowledge is complete, the creation happens automagically. A vast super conscious system provides all the resources and manifestation happens. There is no time taken in creation.
  • Thus the work, as we perceive, is only knowing how the things are done. Once we know exactly how, everything can be automated. There is no human effort. Or zero man hour spent. This is for the things that we humans do but there are infinitely large activities already automated. For example rain is required for growing food for billions of people and feeding animals. There is no human effort needed. There is no human effort involved in seed becoming a tree. The effort is only deciding what to grow, where to grow and when to grow and myriad of other decisions that we conscious agents take. The better and complete our knowledge, there will be no physical work for us.
  • Thus we can say manifestation is automated. If not 100% , may be 99.999999 % . Don't you agree ?
  • In Krishna's world everything moves as prescribed. Earth goes around the Sun. Sun goes around the massive black hole at the center of of our milky way. And we call it evolution. But in our world a pin doesn't move till I move it. A word doesn't get typed on it's own. Isn't that funny ?
  • The reason is simple. Our knowledge is imperfect in many spheres. Where ever we reach perfection we automate it. A car runs with the press of a button. That is NOT evolution. That is automation. Why is it so hard for us to accept that our universe is hugely automated cause of superior automation that is beyond our understanding ?

Karm Yoga

  • Thus all the focus is on a ritualistic approach to acheiving perfection in your prescibed or chosen act - Yajna and Karma. Perfection to an extent that we just enjoy the work without even looking at the fruits of work.
  • Krishna says that this can be done in two ways - Sanyasa - renunciation or Prema - eternal love. Also called Bhakti Yoga. However , he says, that path of renunciation is very difficult. In this path Karm Yogi is easily fooled by the matrix and he falls again and again after enjoying the fruits of Yajna. The focus in this path is on excellence of the skills to attain perfection of knowledge. He adds that though dwellers of this path win over Fear , Anger and Jealousy but they are often swallowed by Pride in their pefection. This leads to their fall.
  • The other path, that of Prema or Bhakti is comparatively easier. , he says. In this path, you need to admire the way I work. Make every resource available. He goes on to show his virat roopa to Arjuna to show him that all the work that he thinks is to be done by him ie killing his brethern and teachers , has already been done by Krishna. Not even Arjuna's enemies , but people on his side are also dying and entering his immense jaws. The idea is that you marvel at his expanse. He says that I am the fire in Sun. I am the desires. I am the intelligence. Just see me and understand me. When you focus on me, you are solely focused on me, you will no longer be bonded by the the outcomes of your Karma. Thus your knowledge will easily reach perfection. Such Karm Yogies are happy and they are rarely impacted by the bugs of nature. And they are saved from the curse of pride Ahenkaara too.
  • If all your focus is on How he works , then you will easily win over the duality of INTELLIGENCE because, you are spending no time on the sensory observations. You will appear a mystic to the world. You will know everything that is knowable and you will indulge in your Karma joyfully. Being one with me allows you comfort in Karmyoga.
  • Thus wether you take sanyasa or Prema you still will do your Yazna ie pefecting your knowledge but later is more natural way of doing things. In this path you will find me by your side. Always. I shall own your actions for you are directed by me.
  • This knowledge, that is exposed on you through knowing and adoring me is jnaana - The real knowledge. He adds that even Sanyasa will lead you to this conclusion.

Prem Yoga

If you can't do Bhakti , Krishna invokes Bhatki in you through Love. Intense longing ..It is called Prem Yoga. Decpited by Krishna under his another hat long before the signing up for "Charioteer" for Arjuna.


  • Nishkaam Yajna is Nyaan Yoga. Nishkaam Karm Yoga is Bhakti Yoga. Nyaan Yoga will finally get to what Bhakto Yoga is already doing. But before this happens , Nyaan Yogi needs to cross the hurdle of Duality. Must start seeing the Truth. Means lose your ID. The moment that happens, the desire to exit is also gone. The bad news is it feels like shit. You feel like you don't stand for anything that you did todate. The good news is all that you ever wanted will soon be there for you.
  • Giving up things becomes easy and all those things that you give up are so easily available to you.
  • Intense longing --> Nyaan Yajna --> Nishkaam Yajna --> Nishkaam Karm Yoga - Prapti.

Time has now come to put Gita to test ..

Know Yourself

  • Ascertain your Varna
  • Watch your changing profiles
  • Know your Deep Desires.
  • Be comfortable with yourself


  • Manan
    • Plan alternative scenarios
    • Measure degree of separation - probability of fav outcomes
    • Expect the unexpected
    • Life goes on
    • Know your place- in the big scheme
  • Chintan
  • Yajna
  • Karm Yoga

Naad Yoga

Naad means "Voice" - the loud voice. When a lion roars outside in open jungle - it is a Naad. Likewsise , the vice of our soul is Anhat Naad. The voice of our experience. Our emotions. Our knowledge and our being. This Podcast is to understand the internal voice by looking at some of the greatest pieces of literature.

Karm Yoga

Getting lost in the actions such that our entire focus shifts to action rituals is Karm Yoga. Awareness of what the situation demands of you and doing exactly that. If the situation demands rising up to the challenges - then Karm Yoga is accepting the challange. If the situation demands to stay quiet than silence is the Karm Yoga. An obvious by-product of Karm Yoga is total loss of focus on senses - the consumption orientation. You may still consume if situation demands that , but you do it without the attachment to consumption - or any expectation from the situation.

In Maha-Bharata the epic ; Krishna is depicted as the one who conceived Karm Yoga and followed through his examplery actions - Leela. His conversation with Arjuna , at the middle of the two armies, is not only a scripture, but it is also one of the finest piece of poetry byMaharishi Ved Vyasa. The goal of this first season, is to cover the chapter 3 of Bhagvad Gita that is fully dedicated to the topic and is a fascinating piece of conversation between two yogies on the battlefield.

Understanding who am I !

Episode 1

In Hindu scriptures, we have something called nada yoga, yoga of recital and chanting. All the sounds that we receive through our ears , the sounds of the cosmos , of the world, or the room we are in; these sounds are called Aahta , which means decayed or hurt . In Hindi, the word Aahta , it became Aahat , which means any sound , whatever you can hear is an Aahat. Now, the sounds that are there inside us, which we can't of course here. But we have these trillions of cells, there are 1000s of Vrittis acting through different chakras. In fact, our blood gushing all over the body. That should be a sound of a highway. But we are not able to hear all these sounds, you are not able to focus or understand what our emotions are telling us. That is because in this survival oriented world, we are trained to focus only our senses. But at some point, when we feel we are satisfied from survival standpoint, when we know that we can live well, based on whatever accumulated wealth we have, or whatever internal wealth we have.

Internal wealth is something that allows you not to accumulate external wealth. We'll come to this in a later discussion.

At some point, we do need to listen to our emotions. Now the sounds that come from within us, are called Anahta , which basically means the pure sounds, unhurt sounds, undecayed sounds. Those are the sounds of your being. And we need to hear them, so that we are able to hear our own body experience. These sound are controlled by heart chakra. And Heart Chakra is also called Anahata. The name itself of the chakra is Anahta. This chakra is the place to give you ability to talk to your emotions, to be able to hear your own sounds.

Now in later years, Guru Nanak Dev made it Shabda Kirtan . And that's how we hear the Gurbani. So the point I'm making is the way Nada yoga works is we begin with focusing on the external sounds. Words meticulously crafted, what we call mantras, and the chanting of those mantras, but the mere recital and chanting is not sufficient. We listen to the words we deeply focus on sentence and how the mantra is chanted. But those are not mandatory things. The core of Nada Yoga is to hear the word, understand the context and try to feel our emotional response. To start feeling what your emotions are telling you, And gradually as we start understanding ourselves. We can slowly move away from the external sounds and then entirely focus on our internal sound. Our internal sound itself is called Anahat Nada . Anahat Nada is the one that you want to here as an outcome of Nada Yoga and the idea of heart chakra in hath yoga is that using some of the Mudras or some of the Asanas and utilising other tools, we can stabilise the heart chakra, Heart Chakra stabilises when we are able to hear our emotions and really understand, what we stand for, once we understand what we stand for, then is the next question is "how to speak it", which is controlled by throat chakra, the spoken word, we will talk about that in in next episode. But the idea of this, these speak sessions or these podcasts is to use Nada Yoga to intensely focus on Karma Yoga as told by Krishna to Arjuna in Bhagavad Gita, this is Karma Yoga expressed by Krishna and understood and appreciated by Arjuna and is presented as as an exercise of Naad Yoga.

Transcribed by

Two Yogies

Episode 2

A conversation between two Yogi's at a most improbable place in the middle of a war and a strange topic of conversation Karm Yoga. Both, Krishna and Arjuna , were both yogies s? Arjuna , the biggest warrior , and trained by the very best; likes of Guru Dronacharya and overseen by Bheeshma and Krishna , Maha Neetikaar the biggest strategist and karma yogi by any means, by any standards. In a way the entire epic of Mahabharata is to craddle this conversation; a conversation between two Yogi's

Chapter three of Gita, the Karma Yoga is fully dedicated to this topic. And that is what I want to focus, in a specific way of narrative delivery what we call Nada Yoga. In chapter one, the writer the poet, Ved Vyasa describes the battlefield Dharm Kshetre, Kuru Kshetre - horses, elephants and the young men and the women, eager to test their ideas, eager to take on each other. The leaders on the both sides pronounced the war with a Shankh Dhvani. So, Arjuna asked Krishna to take the chariot centre stage, he wanted to see what are these people who are willing to put their life and blood, knowing very well none can stand a chance to compete with Krishna and Arjuna together, then why these people are so eager to get into the dual. But he doesn't see enemies out there. What he sees are the faces of his cousins, his teachers and mostly his friends. Am I committing a mistake? The duality strikes and immediately without any thought, he tells Krishna- O Krishna Are we on the right path? Or are we making a mistake? In fact, he thinks that even Krishna is making a mistake by enduring this war.

Krishna is obviously surprised with this sudden change in In the mood, the sudden change in in the vibe and the sudden rise of weakness in Arjuna. As a friend, Krishna thinks about what Arjuna said and he allows him to make up his mind. Even in the middle of war, there is no rush. Krishna takes it as an opportunity for Arjuna to really understand who he is, what he feels and say what exactly he wanted to say.

Arjuna goes on to describe his thinking. he deems his family, his friends and his teachers as the most important thing. If he takes on this war, he would be someone who destroyed the family Varna Sankar. He had many ideas based on his Samskaras what he had learnt from the very best and he walks back in the rear side of the chariot and it sits there lifeless, as if the blood drained off this veins. Having seen armies, he finally says the words. He says ..

Karpanya Dosh-aophat Swabhavah , Prichami Tvam Dharm Sammoodh Cheta;

Yatshrya Nishchitam Bruhi Tanme, Shishyasteham Shadhi Mam Tvam Prappanam.

I'm not able to make up my mind. So hey, Krishna, put me on the right path. Treat me like your disciple. I urge you to review the situation once again. Maybe everything is not lost yet. Maybe we can save ourselves from making a grave mistake. And in doing that, we can save the family.

Of course , Arjuna thouht, what else Krishna would say. No one in the right mind can support the war as it is. And in this particular case, it's not even a war against enemies. It's the war within the family, against the very teachers who taught the art of war and all the friends there's no one who's unrecognisable. Krishna takes a pause. Now that he's been appointed as a teacher, by no less than the biggest archer, the biggest warrior ever seen by the mankind. Arjuna himself is calling him a teacher. So he needs to think and decide the righteous path. Again, he weighs that the situation demands a quick delivery of the message. But at the same time, he's talking to Arjuna. So he needs to be detailed enough to convince a Yogi - Nidrajayi Arjuna -spmeone who had won the sleep itself. Arjuna was an example of dedication, control and focus himself. So he takes his time and he explains everything in chapter two. Now, many people say that Chapter Two itself is the completion of Gita, which is kind of true because Krishna covers everything, what he needs to say and what Arjuna needs to hear. At the same time, he understands that it is a lot.

So, in the beginning of chapter three, Arjuna raises couple of questions. In fact, those questions are more like an allegation. He says

Jyasasi [better] Chet [if] Karmanh [from action] Te Mata [per your opinion] Buddhih [intelligence] Janardna [O Krishna];

Tat Kim [then why] Karmani Ghore [ghastly actions] Mam [me] Niyojayasi [ you are engaging] Kesava [O Krishna] .

After hearing Krishna in chapter two, Arjuna reaches the conclusion that whatever Krishna said, it meant that intelligence is better than actions. So, he says, If intelligence is better than actions in your opinion, O Krishna, then why are you engaging me in these acts of war, these undoable unthinkable actions. Having made himself a disciple of Krishna. He further goes on to say

Vya [your] Mishrena Eva [ Kinda mixed] Vakyen [sentences -> words] Buddhim [intelligence] Mohayasi Eva [you are kinda delusioning] Me [me];

Tat [therefore] Ekm [one thing] Vad [tell] Nishchitya [after deciding] Yena [by which] Shreya [better in the eyes of others] Ahm [I] Aapnuyam [I get].

Now, this is a real blow, real allegation on Krishna. As I said, this is a conversation between two Yogies, a fascinating conversation. This conversation is what Karma Yoga is all about. As we know there are many many types of yoga. In the Scripture, we start with Hath Yoga, Nyaan Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, and Naad Yoga. And they say that Karma Yoga is the mother and father of all the yoga. Krishna himself advocates karma yoga and in the context of Karm Yoga, Arjuna is saying, your mixed messages are confusing me, you are saying many things . Therefore, decide one thing tell clearly which brings me credit. Arjuna is not asking for the the Kingdom . All he is saying that I want credit in the in the eyes of others. So, tell me one thing after deciding which bring me the honour , which is appreciated by historians after the war is finished, which creates a legacy.

Now, this conversation is is not based on any ego Arjuna is not trying to pull a fast one on Krishna. We do that many times but Arjuna is serious . And Krishna understands that he he probably said too much in too little time. And he understands that it may be difficult for Arjuna to comprehend this all. The reason I'm saying this is if Arjuna himself or Yogi, was unable to understand Krishna speaking face to face in the middle of the war, what chance do we stand to understand Gita from chapter two? So many people say that chapter two is pretty much everything that Gita has to say. The problem is there is just so much that even Arjuna had to take a break and dive deeper. So in chapter three, they take on the topic of karma yoga. And Krishna takes a step back. And he understands that maybe he needs to explain a little better. So here he says

Loke [in the world] Asmin [this] Dwi-Vidha [two kinds of] Nishtha [faith] Pura [previously] Prokta [said] Maya [by me] Anagha [O sinless Arjun];

Jnana Yogena [with ritual of knowledge] Sankhyanam [by philospphers] Karm Yogen [with ritiual of actions] Yoginam [by Yogies].

So Krishna, having understood the confusion that still prevails in the mind of biggest warrior and his friend and he talks back to him with love and respect, he says - O sinless Arjuna , There are two types of faith in this world as told by me previously Nyana yoga for the philosophers and scientists and Karma Yoga for the Yogies - those who are connected to me.

Transcribed by

Living the Dreams

Episode 3

Hearing our own voice knowing who we are and being able to say exactly what we feel. What is Art, be it in a spoken word, written word, music or dance ; if we Express exactly what we are feeling that expression is an expression of truth and if you look at the epics, in any art form , a painting from Michel Angelo or the written word of Shakespeare , or the spoken words of Krishna ; we don't know if they are true or not , what we know is the artist depicted what exactly he felt. It is his or her truth . The closer to the truth better is the artifact.

So, how do we achieve that vicinity to our emotions, our own voice that we are able to exactly articulate. Now, in modern day science, there are a number of studies done on the sleep cycle. They say we have four stages of sleep and the third of them being what we call REM sleep. This is the cycle, roughly around two hours that we dream . And one of the theory of the sleep cycle is that at this stage our frontal cortex, which is kind of the boss of the mind, he goes on vacation. So there is nothing to take inputs from the senses. So pretty much all our senses as well as our work organs are paralysed. This is the time when all the stored memories, the Smrities, they have a free stage and the dance around, they swirl around to show you what they are.

REM sleep is mandatory for our well being. Despite severe competition for survival, nature has prioritised REM sleep every day. And say if we deprive our mind of the REM sleep, we can hallucinate in the daylight , while we are awake. And there are many psychedelics that try to induce this cycle of hallucination or dreaming while you're wide awake.

What if we could talk to all these memories while we are actually conscious! Because when we wake up from sleep Or we get done with our psychedelic session, all those memories are lost, they become inaccessible. It's not that they are not there. But we can't really reach them. We don't know where they are, our mind doesn't know the address. So Naad Yoga is a way to gradually start living your dreams but at the same time being able to catalogue them as regular memories. It's where our active survival oriented frontal cortex meets with our deep mind or Chitta. And the way we accomplish that is through intense focus on the sentences, on the words and the context; and then try to see what our emotions are telling us; trying to find our own voice - amidst the war, amidst the chaos, amidst the change, and the life .

We will talk about how to express when we get there, maybe in the next episode about Throat Chakra. Let's try to see if Krishna's words evoke responses in us. He said - There are two types of faith previously told by me Nyaan Yoga for the mathematicians; for the philosophers, for the thinkers, for the artists. And Karma Yoga, who are connected to me. He continues to add

Na [not] Karmnaam [of righteous action] Anarambhan [the ones that are never initiated] Naishkarmyam [a stage where one is beyond actions - such as Krishna] Purushah [a man] Ashnute [one who achived said stage];

Na [nor] Cha [also] Sannyasnat [one who has renounced everything, towards them] eva [] Siddhim [distinguisable success] Sam-adhigacchti [easily goes towards].

Everyone wants the remote controller. You press the button and Netflix starts. I'm sure they are working on neural link based remote controllers. You don't even need to press the button. Things automatically happen Naishkarmya. The state when someone is beyond actions. Krishna says - You cannot achieve the status of beyond actions without first initiating the actions and even those who have renounced everything, even they don't attract any distinguishable success.

We are talking Karma Yoga, the conversation between Krishna and Arjuna Krishna continues.

Na [nor] Hi [certainly] Kashchit [anyone] Kshnam [a moment] Api [too] Jatu [at any time] Tishthati [stays - sit down] Akaram Krit [doing nothing];

Karyate [forced into] Hi [certainly] Avashah [helplessly] Karma [actions] Sarvah [All] Prakriti-Jaih [born of their nature] Gunaih[qualities]

no one can sit idle even for a moment, at any point in time. All of us are forced into actions based on the qualities born out of our nature.

Now in Hath Yoga, we have a term called Samskara and it said that the all the things that we have imbibed based on our prior activities, prior knowledge of this birth, of this life, or of the previous life. The reminiscences, the the learnings are stored in our base chakra, what we call Mool-aadhara and the intelligence is focused on in the base Chakra. Intelligence is represented by a folded snake called Kunalini. Now, it's a way to represent, it doesn't mean that a folded snake is sitting somewhere in the base chakra. So, Krishna says we are forced into actions helplessly by the qualities born out of our nature. This is as scientific as it gets. There is no proof required for this. We cant sit idle for a moment and we do things that we like based out of our nature. Krishna continues to further qualify Karma Yoga, he says

Karmemdrayani [Work Organs - Hands, feet] Sanyamya [holding back] Yah [who] Aaste [indulges in] Mansa [mind] Smaran [thinking];

Indriya Arthan [purpose of above work organs] Vumudha [oblivious] Atma [person] Mithya [fasle] Aacharah [conduct] Sa [he] Uchyate [showcases].

Holding back your work organs, If one is mentally stuck into the situation , oblivious to the very purpose of our sensory organs, that person describes himself by a false conduct

We were talking about About the dreams in the beginning of this episode. And we said that listening to the word, understanding the context, appreciating the situation and try to feel our emotional response is the beginning of Naad Yoga. And we talked about the REM sleep. One of the objective of our dreaming process is to follow our actions. Whatever we did in the day, we perform the activities in a specific sequence. And we approached a situation based on our nature. Now the science is showing that during your dreams, we go through, we roll back all the activities that we did in the day, and then approach them with alternative possibilities. That's the reason when we wake up next morning. The situation seems very different, very simple. We seem to find the solutions in our dreams. Now Karma Yoga is in classical Hatha Yoga is the yoga of top chakra, what we call Sasrara. And there are 1000s of Vrittis that are attached to this specific area. This is where we form the secondary and tertiary connections. This is where the learning happens. And we decrypt the knowledge. While Naad Yoga stabalizes, our heart chakra and our throat chakra by listening and enacting the spoken word, Karma Yoga is the yoga of Sasrarar and beyond. So Krishna says that by pulling back the activities. one who indulges in thinking about the situation, oblivious to very purpose of our senses, the senses that are given to us, the eyes, the ears, the nose, for smell, the touch, the purpose of these sensory organs, is to engage us into actions, so that we give an opportunity to our top chakra Sahasrara to decrypt the knowledge for more connections. Now, you will anyway be involved in actions, forced by our nature . And that's how we keep on reinforcing what you are anyway doing. To really leverage the amazing machinery that we have. We need to go beyond our nature, we need to indulge into righteous actions, as you will see down the line, Krishna will further qualify what are the actual Karma and what are the bondage to this world? By indulging in righteous actions by understanding the situation through our sensory orders, and then by indulging into actions with our work organs, we are in fact giving an opportunity to our deep mind to decrypt essential knowledge beyond our nature.


Episode 4

Imagine a beautiful sunny day in California a bunch of friends or family, walking on a beautiful trail. Nice. Summer Sun in the bushes. We will obviously shout to caution your friends and family members, and try to see through the bushes. Modified sitting there lifeless. And there is no such thing. Your friends look at you and your family. And you are trying to clean up the mess in the beauty of the moment. The beauty of the walk. The breeze. the sun, the tranquillity of the place was. That's before everyone starts laughing at what, how do you clean up the mess that is created by failure of our sensory, have your eyes, played a trick on you. And now you got to use your words to explain that you really thought it was a snake, and you wanted to make sure that your friends are not hurt. Pro whites works to clean up the mess we make, we need to choose our words very carefully. A lot of smoke. Now, if you are engaged in cleaning up the mess created by the spoken word, because that will be doubled the widest was given to communicate, there is pleasure, clarifying your position. Now in the last episode, we talked about the songs. Bodily Experiences. What is that nature. What is classical yoga. We say that every breath that we take, we take in the Samskaara of external world into us. And we exhale, something from deep within us. And the most direct way of doing that is to say a word. How do we speak out of our chest. We use our cross industry form the words and the sentences, and the context and explain why do you see a snake and throat is the centre of all this activity. That's the reason we call throat chakra, as we should, be it literally means cleaning up, purifying purification. And the thing is is that, if it is well placed to be meaningful. We'll make peace. And that obviously translates into early success. that helps you simulate the external world. Actually, the government. Beside the last episode is to understand who we are and then explain exactly how that is not evil. It covers the heart chakra. All the senses that we have the ears. I smell. They all bring information into us. In a way, consumption oriented. We saw the sun senses. And the word is the only thing that we have to explain this experience. Of course, writing came back later. We devised symbol centres to write down a spoken word. For millions of years. And even today, most of the communication. It's been spoken word style. The word that is guiding and 1000s of years. Vietnam was punished in the Scripture was passed on from one generation to another generation. A shooting ad in India. Sometimes all it should experience that you have a nice, the barking dog. What is not said words are not people to express is their experience. That's one thing that we remember should be what we hear. what we can either say, not yet. So let's go and try to see if these bonuses can evoke some of the Swifties into us. Currently, the sense of smell, taste, and skin in the product. Auto line. One of what we say, corresponds to one of the lower chakras in our body. As we talked about. Centuries ago, consume information. It's the one we know that it's definitely a certain amount of expression. I can say a lot scheme also has the primary communication is still the spoken word. In the census. For collection of information. So Krishna says, yum, yum, yum, yum news. By the way we are talking about the broader concept of yoga, primarily of the brain, or the mind that we know that is. That's it, sensors, and the Deep Mind stored. Nobodies, what we call sweeties. We will continue to unpeel some of these designations as we go along. But for now, they are the senses to initiate the action. So the word. Gotta be into the ritual of actions. Now this is important to be underlined means the task. So, who does. But he is not attached was not looking for outcomes. So, he or she should should they be special. So you have to initiate the actions without any attachment to the outcomes of those actions. The fruits of those actions. Doing all activities. While regulating the sense of the, the five senses is a special person is better than others. So we are able to see the contrast here, someone is holding back, while still adapt to the situation. To the very purpose of senses himself with a misconduct karmayoga initiates regulating the sense that the fruits of their activities that are indulging into Karma is a special one. Let's continue. Now, We decided action. Karma proscribed actions. Do your pre decided actions inside the festival. He definitely better than means. Know your duties. Do your activities. Because actions are definitely better than anything. The journey of this body. The manifested body from the giant rock PVS, also known as it. It's a very simple word, even for your physical fitness, physical fitness, as well as mental fitness. It actually is a popular choice in action is not a famous choice, shall not proceed. So let's quickly recap the conversation in the middle of the war. That mixed messages are kind of intelligence and fish notice, same types of people. Two types of seekers have previously said by me, Yanni Yogi's. The scientists, mathematicians, philosophers, and Academy Yogi's who are connected. Because what is right and what is wrong for you say this situation demands, not taking the righteous action is a source of misconduct, committing yourself with your fences and minds the right place. And without getting attached to the fruits of that special thing. We should show a recommended approach that always do your actions, as per your prescribed duties. And he says that if you don't do that. Even for your physical body, or your physical mind. That's not a recommended choice. Qualifying remarks. We get into kind of peripheral definition of Kirby. He says, yet not from. This is what's from karma yoga. It sums up. Let's see the literal word by word and why not for the sake of getting into the desktop, yet, nice to see the law as a simple definition actions that are done as a ritual, pretty much daily basis, done for the sake of our actions. Karma means action, something done as a ritual of actions is actually an otherwise no karma bond sale is on sale. Arjuna. Krishna has many names, or contact liberated from the curse of association to liberate from the curse of association. This person. So I suppose to do it, always smarter to express in a balance. Let me repeat the words once again. Yes or no. Your actions, that's balanced and liberated from the curse of association, because all other actions. They don't connect to me, they don't make you you. Because all other actions are the bondage to this world so much.

Transcribed by

As we know, we are trained in this survival oriented world - which is not a bad thing. But that means we are continuously focused on our senses. Ears included. And senses only consume. There is only one way to communicate our external and internal experience. That is through speech. Our eyes and our facial expressions do help but speech is the primary way to communicate. We can of course write these days but we write what we want to speak. In other words writing is a way to store the speech data. So we have five senses consuming all sorts of information and our body acting accordingly and there is one throat to say and explain our experience.


Yah [one who] Tu [but] Indriyani [the senses] Mansa [ by the mind] Niyamya [as a routine] Arabhte [ndulge in] Arjuna [arjuna];

Karm-Indriyaih [with the active work organs] Karm Yogam [ritual of action] Asaktah [without attachment] Sah [s/he] Vishishyate [excels]

{on the other hand, if one engages in Karm Yoga with mind and active work organs, she is special and she excels}


Niytam [prescribed or predecided] Kuru [do] Karma [actions in performance of duties] Tvam [you] Karma [actions] jyayah [better] hi [certainly] Akarmanah [inaction];

Sharira [body] Yatra [journey] Api [even] Cha [also] Te [your] Na [never] Prasiddhyet [something acceptatble because it is popularly agreed upon by all] Akarmanah [inaction].

{ Perfom your prescribed or predecidede duties for such actions are certainly better than inaction. Even for maintenance of physical body, "inaction" is not a popular choice}


Yajna-arthaat [Done for the sake of Yajna] Karmanah [actions] Anyatra [otherwise] Lokah [world] Ayam [this] Karm-Bandhnah [bondage by work];

Tat [For it] Artham [for the sake] Kaunteya [O son of Kunti] Mukt-sangh [liberated from the curse of association] Samachar [do dexterously and balanced].

{ O Arjuna - Do actions, dexterously and in balanced manned liberated from the curse of association, because all other actions are for bondage to this world}

Ritual of Actions

Episode 5

- We are looking at Karm Yoga. Gita chapter 3 is the very source of the idea. - Recap - Nyana Yogies and Karm Yogies - Mithyachari - False conduct oblivious to the very purpose of senses. - Qualities of a Karm Yogi - Asakta, Samachara, MuktSanga - Yazna - what is Yazna. Who conceived this idea. What is is all about.


Saha [along with] Yajnah [ritual of actions] Prajah [community of followers] Srishtva [having created] , Pura [previously anciently] Uvacha [I said] Praja-patih [to the care taker of community like a king who is supposed to serve the community on my behalf];

Anena [this way] Prasvisydhvam [ having attained more prosperity] Esah [ throgh this] Vah [s/he] Astu [stayed as] Ishta [ desired things] Kama-dhuk [ owner who enjoys his rein].


Devan [ demogods] Bhavyata [ having pleased] Anena [this way] , Te [ those] Devah [ demigods] Bhavyantu [ will please] Vah [ you];

Parasparam [ mutually] Bhavyantah [ pleased] Shreyah [ honour ] Param [ ultimate] Avapsyath [ you will achieve].


Ishtaan [ Desired] Bhogan [ necessities and indulgences] Hi [ certainly] Vo [ unto you] Devah [ demi gods] Dasyante [ will reward] Yajna-Bhavitah [ Satisfied with your titualistic approach to the tasks];

Taih [ by them] Dattan [ things so given] Apradaya [ without offering] Ebhayah [ to these demigods] , Yo [ one who] Bhukte [ enjoys the things] Stenah [ thief] Eva [ certainly] Sah [] .